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SubjectRe: [PATCH] net: can: Increase tx queue length
From
Date
Hi all,

On 3/10/19 6:07 AM, Dave Taht wrote:
> Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@redhat.com> writes:
>
>> Appana Durga Kedareswara Rao <appanad@xilinx.com> writes:
>>
>>> Hi Andre,
>>>
>>> <Snip>
>>>>
>>>> On 3/9/19 3:07 PM, Appana Durga Kedareswara rao wrote:
>>>>> While stress testing the CAN interface on xilinx axi can in loopback
>>>>> mode getting message "write: no buffer space available"
>>>>> Increasing device tx queue length resolved the above mentioned issue.
>>>>
>>>> No need to patch the kernel:
>>>>
>>>> $ ip link set <dev-name> txqueuelen 500
>>>>
>>>> does the same thing.
>>>
>>> Thanks for the review...
>>> Agree but it is not an out of box solution right??
>>> Do you have any idea for socket can devices why the tx queue length is 10 whereas
>>> for other network devices (ex: ethernet) it is 1000 ??
>>
>> Probably because you don't generally want a long queue adding latency on
>> a CAN interface? The default 1000 is already way too much even for an
>> Ethernet device in a lot of cases.
>>
>> If you get "out of buffer" errors it means your application is sending
>> things faster than the receiver (or device) can handle them. If you
>> solve this by increasing the queue length you are just papering over the
>> underlying issue, and trading latency for fewer errors. This tradeoff
>> *may* be appropriate for your particular application, but I can imagine
>> it would not be appropriate as a default. Keeping the buffer size small
>> allows errors to propagate up to the application, which can then back
>> off, or do something smarter, as appropriate.
>>
>> I don't know anything about the actual discussions going on when the
>> defaults were set, but I can imagine something along the lines of the
>> above was probably a part of it :)
>>
>> -Toke
>
> In a related discussion, loud and often difficult, over here on the can bus,
>
> https://github.com/systemd/systemd/issues/9194#issuecomment-469403685
>
> we found that applying fq_codel as the default via sysctl qdisc a bad
> idea for systems for at least one model of can device.
>
> If you scroll back on the bug, a good description of what the can
> subsystem expects from the qdisc is therein - it mandates an in-order
> fifo qdisc or no queue at all. the CAN protocol expects each packet to
> be transmitted successfully or rejected, and if so, passes the error up
> to userspace and is supposed to stop for further input.
>
> As this was the first serious bug ever reported against using fq_codel
> as the default in 5+ years of systemd and 7 of openwrt deployment I've
> been taking it very seriously. It's worse than just systemd - openwrt
> patches out pfifo_fast entirely. pfifo_fast is the wrong qdisc - the
> right choices are noqueue and possibly pfifo.
>
> However, the vcan device exposes noqueue, and so far it has been only
> the one device ( a 8Devices socketcan USB2CAN ) that did not do this in
> their driver that was misbehaving.
>
> Which was just corrected with a simple:
>
> static int usb_8dev_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
> const struct usb_device_id *id)
> {
> ...
> netdev->netdev_ops = &usb_8dev_netdev_ops;
>
> netdev->flags |= IFF_ECHO; /* we support local echo */
> + netdev->priv_flags |= IFF_NO_QUEUE;
> ...
> }
>
> and successfully tested on that bug report.
>
> So at the moment, my thought is that all can devices should default to
> noqueue, if they are not already. I think a pfifo_fast and a qlen of any
> size is the wrong thing, but I still don't know enough about what other
> can devices do or did to be certain.
>

Having about 10 elements in a CAN driver tx queue allows to work with
queueing disciplines
(http://rtime.felk.cvut.cz/can/socketcan-qdisc-final.pdf) and also to
maintain a nearly real-time behaviour with outgoing traffic.

When the CAN interface is not able to cope with the (intened) outgoing
traffic load, the applications should get an instant feedback about it.

There is a difference between running CAN applications in the real world
and doing performance tests, where it makes sense to increase the
tx-queue-len to e.g. 1000 and dump 1000 frames into the driver to check
the hardware performance.

Best regards,
Oliver

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