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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/4] kvm: Add host side support for free memory hints
On Mon, Feb 04, 2019 at 10:15:46AM -0800, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
>
> Add the host side of the KVM memory hinting support. With this we expose a
> feature bit indicating that the host will pass the messages along to the
> new madvise function.
>
> This functionality is mutually exclusive with device assignment. If a
> device is assigned we will disable the functionality as it could lead to a
> potential memory corruption if a device writes to a page after KVM has
> flagged it as not being used.

I really dislike this kind of tie-in.

Yes right now assignment is not smart enough but generally
you can protect the unused page in the IOMMU and that's it,
it's safe.

So the policy should not leak into host/guest interface.
Instead it is better to just keep the pages pinned and
ignore the hint for now.



> The logic as it is currently defined limits the hint to only supporting a
> hugepage or larger notifications. This is meant to help prevent us from
> potentially breaking up huge pages by hinting that only a portion of the
> page is not needed.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt | 4 +++
> Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt | 14 ++++++++++++
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h | 3 +++
> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 6 ++++-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h | 1 +
> 6 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> index 97ca1940a0dc..fe3395a58b7e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> @@ -66,6 +66,10 @@ KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI || 11 || guest checks this feature bit
> || || before using paravirtualized
> || || send IPIs.
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT || 12 || guest checks this feature bit
> + || || before using paravirtualized
> + || || unused page hints.
> +------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE_STABLE_BIT || 24 || host will warn if no guest-side
> || || per-cpu warps are expected in
> || || kvmclock.
> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
> index da24c138c8d1..b374678ac1f9 100644
> --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
> @@ -141,3 +141,17 @@ a0 corresponds to the APIC ID in the third argument (a2), bit 1
> corresponds to the APIC ID a2+1, and so on.
>
> Returns the number of CPUs to which the IPIs were delivered successfully.
> +
> +7. KVM_HC_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT
> +------------------------
> +Architecture: x86
> +Status: active
> +Purpose: Send unused page hint to host
> +
> +a0: physical address of region unused, page aligned
> +a1: size of unused region, page aligned
> +
> +The hypercall lets a guest send notifications to the host that it will no
> +longer be using a given page in memory. Multiple pages can be hinted at by
> +using the size field to hint that a higher order page is available by
> +specifying the higher order page size.
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
> index 19980ec1a316..f066c23060df 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> #define KVM_FEATURE_PV_TLB_FLUSH 9
> #define KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_VMEXIT 10
> #define KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI 11
> +#define KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT 12
>
> #define KVM_HINTS_REALTIME 0
>
> @@ -119,4 +120,6 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_pv_apf_data {
> #define KVM_PV_EOI_ENABLED KVM_PV_EOI_MASK
> #define KVM_PV_EOI_DISABLED 0x0
>
> +#define KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER
> +
> #endif /* _UAPI_ASM_X86_KVM_PARA_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> index bbffa6c54697..b82bcbfbc420 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> @@ -136,6 +136,9 @@ int kvm_update_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> if (kvm_hlt_in_guest(vcpu->kvm) && best &&
> (best->eax & (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT)))
> best->eax &= ~(1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT);
> + if (kvm_arch_has_assigned_device(vcpu->kvm) && best &&
> + (best->eax & KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT))
> + best->eax &= ~(1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT);
>
> /* Update physical-address width */
> vcpu->arch.maxphyaddr = cpuid_query_maxphyaddr(vcpu);
> @@ -637,7 +640,8 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT) |
> (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_TLB_FLUSH) |
> (1 << KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF_VMEXIT) |
> - (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI);
> + (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_SEND_IPI) |
> + (1 << KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT);
>
> if (sched_info_on())
> entry->eax |= (1 << KVM_FEATURE_STEAL_TIME);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 3d27206f6c01..3ec75ab849e2 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
> #include <linux/irqbypass.h>
> #include <linux/sched/stat.h>
> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
>
> #include <trace/events/kvm.h>
>
> @@ -7052,6 +7053,37 @@ void kvm_vcpu_deactivate_apicv(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> kvm_x86_ops->refresh_apicv_exec_ctrl(vcpu);
> }
>
> +static int kvm_pv_unused_page_hint_op(struct kvm *kvm, gpa_t gpa, size_t len)
> +{
> + unsigned long start;
> +
> + /*
> + * Guarantee the following:
> + * len meets minimum size
> + * len is a power of 2
> + * gpa is aligned to len
> + */
> + if (len < (PAGE_SIZE << KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER))
> + return -KVM_EINVAL;
> + if (!is_power_of_2(len) || !IS_ALIGNED(gpa, len))
> + return -KVM_EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * If a device is assigned we cannot use use madvise as memory
> + * is shared with the device and could lead to memory corruption
> + * if the device writes to it after free.
> + */
> + if (kvm_arch_has_assigned_device(kvm))
> + return -KVM_EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> + start = gfn_to_hva(kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa));
> +
> + if (kvm_is_error_hva(start + len))
> + return -KVM_EFAULT;
> +
> + return do_madvise_dontneed(start, len);
> +}
> +
> int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> unsigned long nr, a0, a1, a2, a3, ret;
> @@ -7098,6 +7130,9 @@ int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> case KVM_HC_SEND_IPI:
> ret = kvm_pv_send_ipi(vcpu->kvm, a0, a1, a2, a3, op_64_bit);
> break;
> + case KVM_HC_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT:
> + ret = kvm_pv_unused_page_hint_op(vcpu->kvm, a0, a1);
> + break;
> default:
> ret = -KVM_ENOSYS;
> break;
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
> index 6c0ce49931e5..75643b862a4e 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
> #define KVM_HC_MIPS_CONSOLE_OUTPUT 8
> #define KVM_HC_CLOCK_PAIRING 9
> #define KVM_HC_SEND_IPI 10
> +#define KVM_HC_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT 11
>
> /*
> * hypercalls use architecture specific

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