lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Feb]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/4] kvm: Report unused guest pages to host
From
Date

On 2/4/19 1:15 PM, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> This patch set provides a mechanism by which guests can notify the host of
> pages that are not currently in use. Using this data a KVM host can more
> easily balance memory workloads between guests and improve overall system
> performance by avoiding unnecessary writing of unused pages to swap.
>
> In order to support this I have added a new hypercall to provided unused
> page hints and made use of mechanisms currently used by PowerPC and s390
> architectures to provide those hints. To reduce the overhead of this call
> I am only using it per huge page instead of of doing a notification per 4K
> page. By doing this we can avoid the expense of fragmenting higher order
> pages, and reduce overall cost for the hypercall as it will only be
> performed once per huge page.
>
> Because we are limiting this to huge pages it was necessary to add a
> secondary location where we make the call as the buddy allocator can merge
> smaller pages into a higher order huge page.
>
> This approach is not usable in all cases. Specifically, when KVM direct
> device assignment is used, the memory for a guest is permanently assigned
> to physical pages in order to support DMA from the assigned device. In
> this case we cannot give the pages back, so the hypercall is disabled by
> the host.
>
> Another situation that can lead to issues is if the page were accessed
> immediately after free. For example, if page poisoning is enabled the
> guest will populate the page *after* freeing it. In this case it does not
> make sense to provide a hint about the page being freed so we do not
> perform the hypercalls from the guest if this functionality is enabled.
Hi Alexander,

Did you get a chance to look at my v8 posting of Guest Free Page Hinting
[1]?
Considering both the solutions are trying to solve the same problem. It
will be great if we can collaborate and come up with a unified solution.

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/2/4/993
>
> My testing up till now has consisted of setting up 4 8GB VMs on a system
> with 32GB of memory and 4GB of swap. To stress the memory on the system I
> would run "memhog 8G" sequentially on each of the guests and observe how
> long it took to complete the run. The observed behavior is that on the
> systems with these patches applied in both the guest and on the host I was
> able to complete the test with a time of 5 to 7 seconds per guest. On a
> system without these patches the time ranged from 7 to 49 seconds per
> guest. I am assuming the variability is due to time being spent writing
> pages out to disk in order to free up space for the guest.
>
> ---
>
> Alexander Duyck (4):
> madvise: Expose ability to set dontneed from kernel
> kvm: Add host side support for free memory hints
> kvm: Add guest side support for free memory hints
> mm: Add merge page notifier
>
>
> Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt | 4 ++
> Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt | 14 ++++++++
> arch/x86/include/asm/page.h | 25 +++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h | 3 ++
> arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 6 +++-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/gfp.h | 4 ++
> include/linux/mm.h | 2 +
> include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h | 1 +
> mm/madvise.c | 13 +++++++-
> mm/page_alloc.c | 2 +
> 12 files changed, 158 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> --
--
Regards
Nitesh

[unhandled content-type:application/pgp-signature]
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-02-07 15:49    [W:0.303 / U:19.764 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site