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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 3/4] kvm: Add guest side support for free memory hints
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On Mon, 2019-02-04 at 17:46 -0800, Nadav Amit wrote:
> > On Feb 4, 2019, at 4:16 PM, Alexander Duyck <alexander.duyck@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Feb 4, 2019 at 4:03 PM Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > On Feb 4, 2019, at 3:37 PM, Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Mon, 2019-02-04 at 15:00 -0800, Nadav Amit wrote:
> > > > > > On Feb 4, 2019, at 10:15 AM, Alexander Duyck <alexander.duyck@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Add guest support for providing free memory hints to the KVM hypervisor for
> > > > > > freed pages huge TLB size or larger. I am restricting the size to
> > > > > > huge TLB order and larger because the hypercalls are too expensive to be
> > > > > > performing one per 4K page. Using the huge TLB order became the obvious
> > > > > > choice for the order to use as it allows us to avoid fragmentation of higher
> > > > > > order memory on the host.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I have limited the functionality so that it doesn't work when page
> > > > > > poisoning is enabled. I did this because a write to the page after doing an
> > > > > > MADV_DONTNEED would effectively negate the hint, so it would be wasting
> > > > > > cycles to do so.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > > arch/x86/include/asm/page.h | 13 +++++++++++++
> > > > > > arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > > 2 files changed, 36 insertions(+)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> > > > > > index 7555b48803a8..4487ad7a3385 100644
> > > > > > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> > > > > > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> > > > > > @@ -18,6 +18,19 @@
> > > > > >
> > > > > > struct page;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_GUEST
> > > > > > +#include <linux/jump_label.h>
> > > > > > +extern struct static_key_false pv_free_page_hint_enabled;
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +#define HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE
> > > > > > +void __arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> > > > > > +static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> > > > > > +{
> > > > > > + if (static_branch_unlikely(&pv_free_page_hint_enabled))
> > > > > > + __arch_free_page(page, order);
> > > > > > +}
> > > > > > +#endif
> > > > >
> > > > > This patch and the following one assume that only KVM should be able to hook
> > > > > to these events. I do not think it is appropriate for __arch_free_page() to
> > > > > effectively mean “kvm_guest_free_page()”.
> > > > >
> > > > > Is it possible to use the paravirt infrastructure for this feature,
> > > > > similarly to other PV features? It is not the best infrastructure, but at least
> > > > > it is hypervisor-neutral.
> > > >
> > > > I could probably tie this into the paravirt infrastructure, but if I
> > > > did so I would probably want to pull the checks for the page order out
> > > > of the KVM specific bits and make it something we handle in the inline.
> > > > Doing that I would probably make it a paravirtual hint that only
> > > > operates at the PMD level. That way we wouldn't incur the cost of the
> > > > paravirt infrastructure at the per 4K page level.
> > >
> > > If I understand you correctly, you “complain” that this would affect
> > > performance.
> >
> > It wasn't so much a "complaint" as an "observation". What I was
> > getting at is that if I am going to make it a PV operation I might set
> > a hard limit on it so that it will specifically only apply to huge
> > pages and larger. By doing that I can justify performing the screening
> > based on page order in the inline path and avoid any PV infrastructure
> > overhead unless I have to incur it.
>
> I understood. I guess my use of “double quotes” was lost in translation. ;-)

Yeah, I just figured I would restate it to make sure we were "on the
same page". ;-)

> One more point regarding [2/4] - you may want to consider using madvise_free
> instead of madvise_dontneed to avoid unnecessary EPT violations.

For now I am using MADVISE_DONTNEED because it reduces the complexity.
I have been working on a proof of concept with MADVISE_FREE, however we
then have to add some additional checks as MADVISE_FREE only works with
anonymous memory if I am not mistaken.

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