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SubjectRe: mm: race in put_and_wait_on_page_locked()
On Mon, Feb 04, 2019 at 12:42:50PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> On Mon, 4 Feb 2019, Artem Savkov wrote:
>
> > Hi Hugh,
> >
> > Your recent patch 9a1ea439b16b "mm: put_and_wait_on_page_locked() while
> > page is migrated" seems to have introduced a race into page migration
> > process. I have a host that eagerly reproduces the following BUG under
> > stress:
> >
> > [ 302.847402] page:f000000000021700 count:0 mapcount:0 mapping:c0000000b2710bb0 index:0x19
> > [ 302.848096] xfs_address_space_operations [xfs]
> > [ 302.848100] name:"libc-2.28.so"
> > [ 302.848244] flags: 0x3ffff800000006(referenced|uptodate)
> > [ 302.848521] raw: 003ffff800000006 5deadbeef0000100 5deadbeef0000200 0000000000000000
> > [ 302.848724] raw: 0000000000000019 0000000000000000 00000001ffffffff c0000000bc0b1000
> > [ 302.848919] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0)
> > [ 302.849076] page->mem_cgroup:c0000000bc0b1000
> > [ 302.849269] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> > [ 302.849397] kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:546!
> > [ 302.849586] Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
> > [ 302.849711] LE SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
> > [ 302.849839] Modules linked in: pseries_rng sunrpc xts vmx_crypto virtio_balloon xfs libcrc32c virtio_net net_failover virtio_console failover virtio_blk
> > [ 302.850400] CPU: 3 PID: 8759 Comm: cc1 Not tainted 5.0.0-rc4+ #36
> > [ 302.850571] NIP: c00000000039c8b8 LR: c00000000039c8b4 CTR: c00000000080a0e0
> > [ 302.850758] REGS: c0000000b0d7f7e0 TRAP: 0700 Not tainted (5.0.0-rc4+)
> > [ 302.850952] MSR: 8000000000029033 <SF,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE> CR: 48024422 XER: 00000000
> > [ 302.851150] CFAR: c0000000003ff584 IRQMASK: 0
> > [ 302.851150] GPR00: c00000000039c8b4 c0000000b0d7fa70 c000000001bcca00 0000000000000021
> > [ 302.851150] GPR04: c0000000b044c628 0000000000000007 55555555555555a0 c000000001fc3760
> > [ 302.851150] GPR08: 0000000000000007 0000000000000000 c0000000b0d7c000 c0000000b0d7f5ff
> > [ 302.851150] GPR12: 0000000000004400 c00000003fffae80 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [ 302.851150] GPR16: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [ 302.851150] GPR20: c0000000689f5aa8 c00000002a13ee48 0000000000000000 c000000001da29b0
> > [ 302.851150] GPR24: c000000001bf7d80 c0000000689f5a00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [ 302.851150] GPR28: c000000001bf9e80 c0000000b0d7fab8 0000000000000001 f000000000021700
> > [ 302.852914] NIP [c00000000039c8b8] put_and_wait_on_page_locked+0x398/0x3d0
> > [ 302.853080] LR [c00000000039c8b4] put_and_wait_on_page_locked+0x394/0x3d0
> > [ 302.853235] Call Trace:
> > [ 302.853305] [c0000000b0d7fa70] [c00000000039c8b4] put_and_wait_on_page_locked+0x394/0x3d0 (unreliable)
> > [ 302.853540] [c0000000b0d7fb10] [c00000000047b838] __migration_entry_wait+0x178/0x250
> > [ 302.853738] [c0000000b0d7fb50] [c00000000040c928] do_swap_page+0xd78/0xf60
> > [ 302.853997] [c0000000b0d7fbd0] [c000000000411078] __handle_mm_fault+0xbf8/0xe80
> > [ 302.854187] [c0000000b0d7fcb0] [c000000000411548] handle_mm_fault+0x248/0x450
> > [ 302.854379] [c0000000b0d7fd00] [c000000000078ca4] __do_page_fault+0x2d4/0xdf0
> > [ 302.854877] [c0000000b0d7fde0] [c0000000000797f8] do_page_fault+0x38/0xf0
> > [ 302.855057] [c0000000b0d7fe20] [c00000000000a7c4] handle_page_fault+0x18/0x38
> > [ 302.855300] Instruction dump:
> > [ 302.855432] 4bfffcf0 60000000 3948ffff 4bfffd20 60000000 60000000 3c82ff36 7fe3fb78
> > [ 302.855689] fb210068 38843b78 48062f09 60000000 <0fe00000> 60000000 3b400001 3b600001
> > [ 302.855950] ---[ end trace a52140e0f9751ae0 ]---
> >
> > What seems to be happening is migrate_page_move_mapping() calling
> > page_ref_freeze() on another cpu somewhere between __migration_entry_wait()
> > taking a reference and wait_on_page_bit_common() calling page_put().
>
> Thank you for reporting, Artem.
>
> And see the mm thread https://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=154821775401218&w=2

Ah, thank you. Should have searched through linux-mm, not just lkml.

> That was on arm64, you are on power I think: both point towards xfs
> (Cai could not reproduce it on ext4), but that should not be taken too
> seriously - it could just be easier to reproduce on one than the other.
>
> Your description in your last paragraph is what I imagined happening too.
> And nothing wrong with that, except that the page_ref_freeze() should
> have failed, but succeeded. We believe that something has done an
> improper put_page(), on a libc-2.28.so page that's normally always
> in use, and the put_and_wait_on_page_locked() commit has exposed that
> by making its migration possible when it was almost impossible before
> (Cai has reproduced it without the put_and_wait_on_page_locked commit).

This is what I saw as well, only reproduces on xfs and page_ref_count == 0
BUG through generic_file_buffered_read() when your patch is reverted.
Wasn't sure that's the same issue though.

> I don't think any of us have made progress on this since the 25th.
> I'll wrap up what I'm working on in the next hour or two, and switch
> my attention to this. Even if put_and_wait_on_page_locked() happens to
> be correct, and just makes a pre-existing bug much easier to hit, we
> shall have to revert it from 5.0 if we cannot find the right answer
> in the next week or so. Which would be sad: I'll try to rescue it,
> but don't have great confidence that I'll be successful.
>
> I'll be looking through the source, thinking around it, and trying
> to find a surplus put_page(). I don't have any experiments in mind
> to try at this stage.
>
> Something I shall not be doing, is verifying the correctness of the
> low-level get_page_unless_zero() versus page_ref_freeze() protocol
> on arm64 and power - nobody has reported on x86, and I do wonder if
> there's a barrier missing somewhere, that could manifest in this way -
> but I'm unlikely to be the one to find that (and also think that any
> weakness there should have shown up long before now).

I tried reproducing it with 5.0-rc5 and failed. There is one patch that
seems to be fixing an xfs page reference issue which to me sounds a lot
like what you describe. The patch is 8e47a457321c "iomap: get/put the
page in iomap_page_create/release()". That would explain why
page_ref_freeze() and all the expected_page_refs() checks succeed when
they shouldn't.

Apart from no longer reproducing the bug I also see a drastic reduce in
pgmigrate_fails in /proc/vmstat (from tens of thousands and
being >pgmigrate_success, to just tens) so I assume it is possible for it
to be just masking the problem by performing less retries. What do you think?

Cai, can you please check if you can reproduce this issue in your
environment with 5.0-rc5?

--
Artem

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