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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] component: Add documentation
 w/compOn Thu, Jan 31, 2019 at 3:46 PM Daniel Vetter
<daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> wrote:
>
> Someone owes me a beer ...
>
> While typing these I think doing an s/component_master/aggregate/
> would be useful:
> - it's shorter :-)
> - I think component/aggregate is much more meaningful naming than
> component/puppetmaster or something like that. At least to my
> English ear "aggregate" emphasizes much more the "assemble a pile of
> things into something bigger" aspect, and there's not really much
> of a control hierarchy between aggregate and constituing components.
>
> But that's way more than a quick doc typing exercise ...
>
> Thanks to Ram for commenting on an initial draft of these docs.

Look goods to me overall (even though I'm not super-familiar with the
component framework), but see below.

> Cc: "C, Ramalingam" <ramalingam.c@intel.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael@kernel.org>
> Cc: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.com>
> Cc: Rodrigo Vivi <rodrigo.vivi@intel.com>
> Cc: Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@intel.com>
> ---
> Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst | 3 +
> Documentation/driver-api/index.rst | 1 +
> drivers/base/component.c | 107 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/component.h | 70 +++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 178 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> index d6763272e747..2d5919b2b337 100644
> --- a/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> @@ -1,6 +1,9 @@
> .. |struct dev_pm_domain| replace:: :c:type:`struct dev_pm_domain <dev_pm_domain>`
> .. |struct generic_pm_domain| replace:: :c:type:`struct generic_pm_domain <generic_pm_domain>`
>
> +
> +.. _device_link:
> +
> ============
> Device links
> ============
> diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
> index ab38ced66a44..c0b600ed9961 100644
> --- a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ available subsections can be seen below.
> device_connection
> dma-buf
> device_link
> + component

Do I think correctly that this doc is going to be generated
automatically from the kerneldoc comments in component.c?

> message-based
> sound
> frame-buffer
> diff --git a/drivers/base/component.c b/drivers/base/component.c
> index ddcea8739c12..e5b04bce8544 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/component.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/component.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,33 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
>
> +/**
> + * DOC: overview
> + *
> + * The component frameworks allows drivers to collect a pile of sub-devices,

s/frameworks/framework/

> + * including their bound drivers, into an aggregate driver. Various subsystem

s/subsystem/subsystems/

> + * already provide functions to get hold of such components, e.g.
> + * of_clk_get_by_name(). Anytime there's such a subsystem specific way to find a
> + * a device the component framework should not be used.

I would use a positive statement here, like "The component framework
can be used when such a subsystem-specific way to find a device is not
available".

> The component framework
> + * fills the niche of aggregate drivers for specific hardware, where further
> + * standardization into a subsystem doesn't make sense.

I would say "would not be practical" instead of "doesn't make sense".

> The common example is
> + * when a logical device (e.g. a DRM display driver) is spread around the SoC on
> + * various component (scanout engines, blending blocks, transcoders for various
> + * outputs and so on).
> + *
> + * The component framework also doesn't solve runtime dependencies, e.g. for
> + * system suspend and resume operations. See also :ref:`device
> + * links<device_link>`.
> + *
> + * Components are registered using component_add() and unregistered with
> + * component_del(), usually from the driver's probe and disconnect functions.
> + *
> + * Aggregate drivers first assemble a component match list of what they need
> + * using component_match_add(). This is then registered as an aggregate driver
> + * using component_master_add_with_match(), and unregistered using
> + * component_master_del().
> + */
> +
> struct component;
>
> struct component_match_array {
> @@ -301,10 +328,24 @@ static int component_match_realloc(struct device *dev,
> return 0;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Add a component to be matched, with a release function.
> +/**
> + * component_match_add_release - add a compent match with release callback

s/compent/component/ ?

> + * @master: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @matchptr: pointer to the list of component matches
> + * @release: release function for @compare_data
> + * @compare: compare function to match against all components
> + * @compare_data: opaque pointer passed to the @compare function
> + *
> + * This adds a new component match to the list stored in @matchptr, which the
> + * @master aggregate driver needs to function. @matchptr must be initialized to
> + * NULL before adding the first match.
> + *
> + * The allocated match list in @matchptr is automatically released using devm
> + * actions. At that point @release will be called, to free any references held
> + * by @compare_data, e.g. when @compare_data is a &device_node that must be
> + * released with of_node_put().
> *
> - * The match array is first created or extended if necessary.
> + * See also component_match_add().
> */
> void component_match_add_release(struct device *master,
> struct component_match **matchptr,
> @@ -367,6 +408,18 @@ static void free_master(struct master *master)
> kfree(master);
> }
>
> +/**
> + * component_master_add_with_match - register an aggregate driver
> + * @dev: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @ops: callbacks for the aggregate driver
> + * @match: component match list for the aggregate driver
> + *
> + * Registers a new aggregate driver consisting of the components added to @match
> + * by calling one of the component_match_add() functions. Once all components in
> + * @match are available it will be assembled by calling

A comma seems to be missing after "available".

> + * &component_master_ops.bind from @ops. Must be unregistered by calling
> + * component_master_del().
> + */
> int component_master_add_with_match(struct device *dev,
> const struct component_master_ops *ops,
> struct component_match *match)
> @@ -403,6 +456,15 @@ int component_master_add_with_match(struct device *dev,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(component_master_add_with_match);
>
> +/**
> + * component_master_del - unregister an aggregate driver
> + * @dev: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @ops: callbacks for the aggregate driver
> + *
> + * Unregistered an aggregate driver registered with

s/Unregistered/Unregisters/ ?

> + * component_master_add_with_match(). If necessary the aggregate driver is first
> + * disassembled by calling &component_master_ops.unbind from @ops.

Q: How does the &component_master_ops.unbind annotation work? Does it
produce any special output?

> + */
> void component_master_del(struct device *dev,
> const struct component_master_ops *ops)
> {
> @@ -430,6 +492,15 @@ static void component_unbind(struct component *component,
> devres_release_group(component->dev, component);
> }
>
> +/**
> + * component_unbind_all - unbind all component to an aggregate driver
> + * @master_dev: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @data: opaque pointer, passed to all components
> + *
> + * This unbinds all components to the aggregate @dev by passing @data to their

I guess "This" is redundant.

> + * &component_ops.unbind functions. Should be called from
> + * &component_master_ops.unbind.
> + */
> void component_unbind_all(struct device *master_dev, void *data)
> {
> struct master *master;
> @@ -503,6 +574,15 @@ static int component_bind(struct component *component, struct master *master,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +/**
> + * component_bind_all - bind all component to an aggregate driver
> + * @master_dev: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @data: opaque pointer, passed to all components
> + *
> + * This binds all components to the aggregate @dev by passing @data to their

Likewise.

> + * &component_ops.bind functions. Should be called from
> + * &component_master_ops.bind.
> + */
> int component_bind_all(struct device *master_dev, void *data)
> {
> struct master *master;
> @@ -537,6 +617,18 @@ int component_bind_all(struct device *master_dev, void *data)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(component_bind_all);
>
> +/**
> + * component_add - register a component
> + * @dev: component device
> + * @ops: component callbacks
> + *
> + * Register a new component for @dev. Functions in @ops will be call when the

s/call/called/

> + * aggregate driver is ready to bind the overall driver by calling
> + * component_bind_all(). See also &struct component_ops.
> + *
> + * The component needs to be unregistered again at driver unload/disconnect by
> + * calling component_del().
> + */
> int component_add(struct device *dev, const struct component_ops *ops)
> {
> struct component *component;
> @@ -568,6 +660,15 @@ int component_add(struct device *dev, const struct component_ops *ops)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(component_add);
>
> +/**
> + * component_del - unregister a component
> + * @dev: component device
> + * @ops: component callbacks
> + *
> + * Unregister a component added with component_add(). If the component is bound
> + * into an aggregate driver this will force the entire aggrate driver, including

A comma is missing after "driver". Also s/aggrate/aggregate/

> + * all its components, to be unbound.
> + */
> void component_del(struct device *dev, const struct component_ops *ops)
> {
> struct component *c, *component = NULL;
> diff --git a/include/linux/component.h b/include/linux/component.h
> index e71fbbbc74e2..67a899dd2e10 100644
> --- a/include/linux/component.h
> +++ b/include/linux/component.h
> @@ -4,11 +4,31 @@
>
> #include <linux/stddef.h>
>
> +
> struct device;
>
> +/**
> + * struct component_ops - callbacks for component drivers
> + *
> + * Components are registered with component_add() and unregistered with
> + * component_del().
> + */
> struct component_ops {
> + /**
> + * @bind:
> + *
> + * Called through component_bind_all() when the aggregate driver is
> + * ready to bind the overall driver.
> + */
> int (*bind)(struct device *comp, struct device *master,
> void *master_data);
> + /**
> + * @unbind:
> + *
> + * Called through component_unbind_all() when the aggregate driver is
> + * ready to bind the overall driver, or when component_bind_all() fails
> + * part-ways through and needs to unbind some already bound components.
> + */
> void (*unbind)(struct device *comp, struct device *master,
> void *master_data);
> };
> @@ -21,8 +41,42 @@ void component_unbind_all(struct device *master, void *master_data);
>
> struct master;
>
> +/**
> + * struct component_master_ops - callback for the aggregate driver
> + *
> + * Aggregate drivers are registered with component_master_add_with_match() and
> + * unregistered with component_master_del().
> + */
> struct component_master_ops {
> + /**
> + * @bind:
> + *
> + * Called when all components or the aggregate driver, as specified in
> + * the match list passed to component_master_add_with_match(), are
> + * ready. Usually there are 3 steps to bind an aggregate driver:
> + *
> + * 1. Allocate a structure for the aggregate driver.
> + *
> + * 2. Bind all components to the aggregate driver by calling
> + * component_bind_all() with the aggregate driver structure as opaque
> + * pointer data.
> + *
> + * 3. Register the aggregate driver with the subsystem to publish its
> + * interfaces.
> + *
> + * Note that the lifetime of the aggregate driver does not align with
> + * any of the underlying &struct device instances. Therefore devm cannot
> + * be used and all resources acquired or allocated in this callback must
> + * be expecitly released in the @unbind callback.

s/expecitly/explicitly/

> + */
> int (*bind)(struct device *master);
> + /**
> + * @unbind:
> + *
> + * Called when either the aggregate driver, using
> + * component_master_del(), or one of its components, using
> + * component_del(), is unregistered.
> + */
> void (*unbind)(struct device *master);
> };
>
> @@ -38,6 +92,22 @@ void component_match_add_release(struct device *master,
> void (*release)(struct device *, void *),
> int (*compare)(struct device *, void *), void *compare_data);
>
> +/**
> + * component_match_add - add a compent match
> + * @master: device with the aggregate driver
> + * @matchptr: pointer to the list of component matches
> + * @compare: compare function to match against all components
> + * @compare_data: opaque pointer passed to the @compare function
> + *
> + * This adds a new component match to the list stored in @matchptr, which the

"This" appears to be redundant.

> + * @master aggregate driver needs to function. @matchptr must be initialized to
> + * NULL before adding the first match.
> + *
> + * The allocated match list in @matchptr is automatically released using devm
> + * actions.
> + *
> + * See also component_match_add_release().
> + */
> static inline void component_match_add(struct device *master,
> struct component_match **matchptr,
> int (*compare)(struct device *, void *), void *compare_data)
> --
> 2.20.1
>

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