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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] lightnvm: pblk: fix race condition on GC
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On 2/1/19 3:38 AM, Heiner Litz wrote:
> This patch fixes a race condition where a write is mapped to the last
> sectors of a line. The write is synced to the device but the L2P is not
> updated yet. When the line is garbage collected before the L2P update is
> performed, the sectors are ignored by the GC logic and the line is freed
> before all sectors are moved. When the L2P is finally updated, it contains
> a mapping to a freed line, subsequent reads of the corresponding LBAs fail.
>
> This patch introduces a per line counter specifying the number of sectors
> that are synced to the device but have not been updated in the L2P. Lines
> with a counter of greater than zero will not be selected for GC.
>
> Signed-off-by: Heiner Litz <hlitz@ucsc.edu>
> ---
>
> v2: changed according to Javier's comment. Instead of performing check
> while holding the trans_lock, add an atomic per line counter
>
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-core.c | 1 +
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-gc.c | 20 +++++++++++++-------
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-map.c | 1 +
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c | 1 +
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-write.c | 1 +
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h | 1 +
> 6 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-core.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-core.c
> index eabcbc119681..b7ed0502abef 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-core.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-core.c
> @@ -1278,6 +1278,7 @@ static int pblk_line_prepare(struct pblk *pblk, struct pblk_line *line)
> spin_unlock(&line->lock);
>
> kref_init(&line->ref);
> + atomic_set(&line->sec_to_update, 0);
>
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-gc.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-gc.c
> index 2fa118c8eb71..26a52ea7ec45 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-gc.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-gc.c
> @@ -365,16 +365,22 @@ static struct pblk_line *pblk_gc_get_victim_line(struct pblk *pblk,
> struct list_head *group_list)
> {
> struct pblk_line *line, *victim;
> - int line_vsc, victim_vsc;
> + unsigned int line_vsc = ~0x0L, victim_vsc = ~0x0L;
>
> victim = list_first_entry(group_list, struct pblk_line, list);
> +
> list_for_each_entry(line, group_list, list) {
> - line_vsc = le32_to_cpu(*line->vsc);
> - victim_vsc = le32_to_cpu(*victim->vsc);
> - if (line_vsc < victim_vsc)
> + if (!atomic_read(&line->sec_to_update))
> + line_vsc = le32_to_cpu(*line->vsc);
> + if (line_vsc < victim_vsc) {
> victim = line;
> + victim_vsc = le32_to_cpu(*victim->vsc);
> + }
> }
>
> + if (victim_vsc == ~0x0)
> + return NULL;
> +
> return victim;
> }
>
> @@ -448,13 +454,13 @@ static void pblk_gc_run(struct pblk *pblk)
>
> do {
> spin_lock(&l_mg->gc_lock);
> - if (list_empty(group_list)) {
> +
> + line = pblk_gc_get_victim_line(pblk, group_list);
> + if (!line) {
> spin_unlock(&l_mg->gc_lock);
> break;
> }
>
> - line = pblk_gc_get_victim_line(pblk, group_list);
> -
> spin_lock(&line->lock);
> WARN_ON(line->state != PBLK_LINESTATE_CLOSED);
> line->state = PBLK_LINESTATE_GC;
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-map.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-map.c
> index 79df583ea709..7fbc99b60cac 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-map.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-map.c
> @@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ static int pblk_map_page_data(struct pblk *pblk, unsigned int sentry,
> */
> if (i < valid_secs) {
> kref_get(&line->ref);
> + atomic_inc(&line->sec_to_update);
> w_ctx = pblk_rb_w_ctx(&pblk->rwb, sentry + i);
> w_ctx->ppa = ppa_list[i];
> meta->lba = cpu_to_le64(w_ctx->lba);
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> index a6133b50ed9c..03c241b340ea 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> @@ -260,6 +260,7 @@ static int __pblk_rb_update_l2p(struct pblk_rb *rb, unsigned int to_update)
> entry->cacheline);
>
> line = pblk_ppa_to_line(pblk, w_ctx->ppa);
> + atomic_dec(&line->sec_to_update);
> kref_put(&line->ref, pblk_line_put);
> clean_wctx(w_ctx);
> rb->l2p_update = pblk_rb_ptr_wrap(rb, rb->l2p_update, 1);
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-write.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-write.c
> index 06d56deb645d..6593deab52da 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-write.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-write.c
> @@ -177,6 +177,7 @@ static void pblk_prepare_resubmit(struct pblk *pblk, unsigned int sentry,
> * re-map these entries
> */
> line = pblk_ppa_to_line(pblk, w_ctx->ppa);
> + atomic_dec(&line->sec_to_update);
> kref_put(&line->ref, pblk_line_put);
> }
> spin_unlock(&pblk->trans_lock);
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> index a6386d5acd73..ac3ab778e976 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> @@ -487,6 +487,7 @@ struct pblk_line {
> __le32 *vsc; /* Valid sector count in line */
>
> struct kref ref; /* Write buffer L2P references */
> + atomic_t sec_to_update; /* Outstanding L2P updates to ppa */
>
> struct pblk_w_err_gc *w_err_gc; /* Write error gc recovery metadata */
>
>

Thanks Heiner. Applied for 5.1.

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