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Subject[PATCH 1/5] perf/arm-cci: Fix CPU hotplug race avoidance
Date
The arm-cci probe logic faces a cyclic dependency wherein it has to pick
a valid CPU to associate with before registering the PMU device, has to
have the PMU state initialised before handling hotplug events in case it
must be migrated, but has to have the hotplug notifier registered before
the chosen CPU may go offline lest things get out of sync. The present
code has tried to solve the races by using get_cpu() to pick the current
CPU and prevent it from disappearing while the other two registrations
are performed, but that results in taking mutexes with preemption
disabled, which makes certain configurations very unhappy:

[ 1.983337] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/rtmutex.c:2004
[ 1.983340] in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 1, name: swapper/0
[ 1.983342] Preemption disabled at:
[ 1.983353] [<ffffff80089801f4>] cci_pmu_probe+0x1dc/0x488
[ 1.983360] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.18.20-rt8-yocto-preempt-rt #1
[ 1.983362] Hardware name: ZynqMP ZCU102 Rev1.0 (DT)
[ 1.983364] Call trace:
[ 1.983369] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x158
[ 1.983372] show_stack+0x24/0x30
[ 1.983378] dump_stack+0x80/0xa4
[ 1.983383] ___might_sleep+0x138/0x160
[ 1.983386] __might_sleep+0x58/0x90
[ 1.983391] __rt_mutex_lock_state+0x30/0xc0
[ 1.983395] _mutex_lock+0x24/0x30
[ 1.983400] perf_pmu_register+0x2c/0x388
[ 1.983404] cci_pmu_probe+0x2bc/0x488
[ 1.983409] platform_drv_probe+0x58/0xa8

However, we don't actually mind being preempted or migrated at this
point; all that really matters is that whichever CPU we pick does not
get offlined before we're done. Thus, do the robust thing and instead
take the lock to inhibit CPU hotplug for the duration. This also
revealed an additional race in assigning the global pointer too late
relative to the hotplug notifier, so that gets fixed in the process.

Reported-by: "Li, Meng" <Meng.Li@windriver.com>
Signed-off-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
---
drivers/perf/arm-cci.c | 22 ++++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c b/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
index 1bfeb160c5b1..f6d9df07ec9b 100644
--- a/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
+++ b/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
@@ -1692,21 +1692,23 @@ static int cci_pmu_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
raw_spin_lock_init(&cci_pmu->hw_events.pmu_lock);
mutex_init(&cci_pmu->reserve_mutex);
atomic_set(&cci_pmu->active_events, 0);
- cci_pmu->cpu = get_cpu();
+
+ cpus_read_lock();
+ cci_pmu->cpu = smp_processor_id();

ret = cci_pmu_init(cci_pmu, pdev);
- if (ret) {
- put_cpu();
- return ret;
- }
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;

- cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCI_ONLINE,
- "perf/arm/cci:online", NULL,
- cci_pmu_offline_cpu);
- put_cpu();
g_cci_pmu = cci_pmu;
+ cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCI_ONLINE,
+ "perf/arm/cci:online", NULL,
+ cci_pmu_offline_cpu);
+
pr_info("ARM %s PMU driver probed", cci_pmu->model->name);
- return 0;
+out:
+ cpus_read_unlock();
+ return ret;
}

static int cci_pmu_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
--
2.20.1.dirty
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