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Subject[PATCH] proc: test /proc/*/maps, smaps, smaps_rollup, statm
Start testing VM related fiels found in per-process files.

Do it by jiting small executable which brings its address space
to precisely known state, then comparing /proc/*/maps, smaps,
smaps_rollup, and statm files to expected values.

Currently only x86_64 is supported.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
---

tools/testing/selftests/proc/.gitignore | 1
tools/testing/selftests/proc/Makefile | 1
tools/testing/selftests/proc/proc-pid-vm.c | 406 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 408 insertions(+)

--- a/tools/testing/selftests/proc/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/proc/.gitignore
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
/fd-002-posix-eq
/fd-003-kthread
/proc-loadavg-001
+/proc-pid-vm
/proc-self-map-files-001
/proc-self-map-files-002
/proc-self-syscall
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/proc/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/proc/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ TEST_GEN_PROGS += fd-001-lookup
TEST_GEN_PROGS += fd-002-posix-eq
TEST_GEN_PROGS += fd-003-kthread
TEST_GEN_PROGS += proc-loadavg-001
+TEST_GEN_PROGS += proc-pid-vm
TEST_GEN_PROGS += proc-self-map-files-001
TEST_GEN_PROGS += proc-self-map-files-002
TEST_GEN_PROGS += proc-self-syscall
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/proc/proc-pid-vm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,406 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2019 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
+ * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
+ * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
+ * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+ * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
+ * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
+ * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
+ * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
+ * OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+ */
+/*
+ * Fork and exec tiny 1 page executable which precisely controls its VM.
+ * Test /proc/$PID/maps
+ * Test /proc/$PID/smaps
+ * Test /proc/$PID/smaps_rollup
+ * Test /proc/$PID/statm
+ *
+ * FIXME require CONFIG_TMPFS which can be disabled
+ * FIXME test other values from "smaps"
+ * FIXME support other archs
+ */
+#undef NDEBUG
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/mount.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/uio.h>
+#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
+
+static inline long sys_execveat(int dirfd, const char *pathname, char **argv, char **envp, int flags)
+{
+ return syscall(SYS_execveat, dirfd, pathname, argv, envp, flags);
+}
+
+static void make_private_tmp(void)
+{
+ if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNS) == -1) {
+ if (errno == ENOSYS || errno == EPERM) {
+ exit(4);
+ }
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ if (mount(NULL, "/", NULL, MS_PRIVATE|MS_REC, NULL) == -1) {
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ if (mount(NULL, "/tmp", "tmpfs", 0, NULL) == -1) {
+ exit(1);
+ }
+}
+
+static pid_t pid = -1;
+static void ate(void)
+{
+ if (pid > 0) {
+ kill(pid, SIGTERM);
+ }
+}
+
+struct elf64_hdr {
+ uint8_t e_ident[16];
+ uint16_t e_type;
+ uint16_t e_machine;
+ uint32_t e_version;
+ uint64_t e_entry;
+ uint64_t e_phoff;
+ uint64_t e_shoff;
+ uint32_t e_flags;
+ uint16_t e_ehsize;
+ uint16_t e_phentsize;
+ uint16_t e_phnum;
+ uint16_t e_shentsize;
+ uint16_t e_shnum;
+ uint16_t e_shstrndx;
+};
+
+struct elf64_phdr {
+ uint32_t p_type;
+ uint32_t p_flags;
+ uint64_t p_offset;
+ uint64_t p_vaddr;
+ uint64_t p_paddr;
+ uint64_t p_filesz;
+ uint64_t p_memsz;
+ uint64_t p_align;
+};
+
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+#define PAGE_SIZE 4096
+#define VADDR (1UL << 32)
+#define MAPS_OFFSET 73
+
+#define syscall 0x0f, 0x05
+#define mov_rdi(x) \
+ 0x48, 0xbf, \
+ (x)&0xff, ((x)>>8)&0xff, ((x)>>16)&0xff, ((x)>>24)&0xff, \
+ ((x)>>32)&0xff, ((x)>>40)&0xff, ((x)>>48)&0xff, ((x)>>56)&0xff
+
+#define mov_rsi(x) \
+ 0x48, 0xbe, \
+ (x)&0xff, ((x)>>8)&0xff, ((x)>>16)&0xff, ((x)>>24)&0xff, \
+ ((x)>>32)&0xff, ((x)>>40)&0xff, ((x)>>48)&0xff, ((x)>>56)&0xff
+
+#define mov_eax(x) \
+ 0xb8, (x)&0xff, ((x)>>8)&0xff, ((x)>>16)&0xff, ((x)>>24)&0xff
+
+static const uint8_t payload[] = {
+ /* Casually unmap stack, vDSO and everything else. */
+ /* munmap */
+ mov_rdi(VADDR + 4096),
+ mov_rsi((1ULL << 47) - 4096 - VADDR - 4096),
+ mov_eax(11),
+ syscall,
+
+ /* Ping parent. */
+ /* write(0, &c, 1); */
+ 0x31, 0xff, /* xor edi, edi */
+ 0x48, 0x8d, 0x35, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* lea rsi, [rip] */
+ 0xba, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* mov edx, 1 */
+ mov_eax(1),
+ syscall,
+
+ /* 1: pause(); */
+ mov_eax(34),
+ syscall,
+
+ 0xeb, 0xf7, /* jmp 1b */
+};
+
+static int make_exe(const uint8_t *payload, size_t len)
+{
+ struct elf64_hdr h;
+ struct elf64_phdr ph;
+
+ struct iovec iov[3] = {
+ {&h, sizeof(struct elf64_hdr)},
+ {&ph, sizeof(struct elf64_phdr)},
+ {(void *)payload, len},
+ };
+ int fd, fd1;
+ char buf[64];
+
+ memset(&h, 0, sizeof(h));
+ h.e_ident[0] = 0x7f;
+ h.e_ident[1] = 'E';
+ h.e_ident[2] = 'L';
+ h.e_ident[3] = 'F';
+ h.e_ident[4] = 2;
+ h.e_ident[5] = 1;
+ h.e_ident[6] = 1;
+ h.e_ident[7] = 0;
+ h.e_type = 2;
+ h.e_machine = 0x3e;
+ h.e_version = 1;
+ h.e_entry = VADDR + sizeof(struct elf64_hdr) + sizeof(struct elf64_phdr);
+ h.e_phoff = sizeof(struct elf64_hdr);
+ h.e_shoff = 0;
+ h.e_flags = 0;
+ h.e_ehsize = sizeof(struct elf64_hdr);
+ h.e_phentsize = sizeof(struct elf64_phdr);
+ h.e_phnum = 1;
+ h.e_shentsize = 0;
+ h.e_shnum = 0;
+ h.e_shstrndx = 0;
+
+ memset(&ph, 0, sizeof(ph));
+ ph.p_type = 1;
+ ph.p_flags = (1<<2)|1;
+ ph.p_offset = 0;
+ ph.p_vaddr = VADDR;
+ ph.p_paddr = 0;
+ ph.p_filesz = sizeof(struct elf64_hdr) + sizeof(struct elf64_phdr) + sizeof(payload);
+ ph.p_memsz = sizeof(struct elf64_hdr) + sizeof(struct elf64_phdr) + sizeof(payload);
+ ph.p_align = 4096;
+
+ fd = openat(AT_FDCWD, "/tmp", O_WRONLY|O_EXCL|O_TMPFILE, 0700);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (writev(fd, iov, 3) != sizeof(struct elf64_hdr) + sizeof(struct elf64_phdr) + len) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Avoid ETXTBSY on exec. */
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/self/fd/%u", fd);
+ fd1 = open(buf, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
+ close(fd);
+
+ return fd1;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+int main(void)
+{
+ int pipefd[2];
+ int exec_fd;
+
+ atexit(ate);
+
+ make_private_tmp();
+
+ /* Reserve fd 0 for 1-byte pipe ping from child. */
+ close(0);
+ if (open("/", O_RDONLY|O_DIRECTORY|O_PATH) != 0) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ exec_fd = make_exe(payload, sizeof(payload));
+
+ if (pipe(pipefd) == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (dup2(pipefd[1], 0) != 0) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ pid = fork();
+ if (pid == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (pid == 0) {
+ sys_execveat(exec_fd, "", NULL, NULL, AT_EMPTY_PATH);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ char _;
+ if (read(pipefd[0], &_, 1) != 1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ struct stat st;
+ if (fstat(exec_fd, &st) == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Generate "head -n1 /proc/$PID/maps" */
+ char buf0[256];
+ memset(buf0, ' ', sizeof(buf0));
+ int len = snprintf(buf0, sizeof(buf0),
+ "%08lx-%08lx r-xp 00000000 %02lx:%02lx %llu",
+ VADDR, VADDR + PAGE_SIZE,
+ MAJOR(st.st_dev), MINOR(st.st_dev),
+ (unsigned long long)st.st_ino);
+ buf0[len] = ' ';
+ snprintf(buf0 + MAPS_OFFSET, sizeof(buf0) - MAPS_OFFSET,
+ "/tmp/#%llu (deleted)\n", (unsigned long long)st.st_ino);
+
+
+ /* Test /proc/$PID/maps */
+ {
+ char buf[256];
+ ssize_t rv;
+ int fd;
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%u/maps", pid);
+ fd = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ rv = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ assert(rv == strlen(buf0));
+ assert(memcmp(buf, buf0, strlen(buf0)) == 0);
+ }
+
+ /* Test /proc/$PID/smaps */
+ {
+ char buf[1024];
+ ssize_t rv;
+ int fd;
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%u/smaps", pid);
+ fd = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ rv = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ assert(0 <= rv && rv <= sizeof(buf));
+
+ assert(rv >= strlen(buf0));
+ assert(memcmp(buf, buf0, strlen(buf0)) == 0);
+
+#define RSS1 "Rss: 4 kB\n"
+#define RSS2 "Rss: 0 kB\n"
+#define PSS1 "Pss: 4 kB\n"
+#define PSS2 "Pss: 0 kB\n"
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, RSS1, strlen(RSS1)) ||
+ memmem(buf, rv, RSS2, strlen(RSS2)));
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, PSS1, strlen(PSS1)) ||
+ memmem(buf, rv, PSS2, strlen(PSS2)));
+
+ static const char *S[] = {
+ "Size: 4 kB\n",
+ "KernelPageSize: 4 kB\n",
+ "MMUPageSize: 4 kB\n",
+ "Anonymous: 0 kB\n",
+ "AnonHugePages: 0 kB\n",
+ "Shared_Hugetlb: 0 kB\n",
+ "Private_Hugetlb: 0 kB\n",
+ "Locked: 0 kB\n",
+ };
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sizeof(S)/sizeof(S[0]); i++) {
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, S[i], strlen(S[i])));
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Test /proc/$PID/smaps_rollup */
+ {
+ char bufr[256];
+ memset(bufr, ' ', sizeof(bufr));
+ len = snprintf(bufr, sizeof(bufr),
+ "%08lx-%08lx ---p 00000000 00:00 0",
+ VADDR, VADDR + PAGE_SIZE);
+ bufr[len] = ' ';
+ snprintf(bufr + MAPS_OFFSET, sizeof(bufr) - MAPS_OFFSET,
+ "[rollup]\n");
+
+ char buf[1024];
+ ssize_t rv;
+ int fd;
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%u/smaps_rollup", pid);
+ fd = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ rv = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ assert(0 <= rv && rv <= sizeof(buf));
+
+ assert(rv >= strlen(bufr));
+ assert(memcmp(buf, bufr, strlen(bufr)) == 0);
+
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, RSS1, strlen(RSS1)) ||
+ memmem(buf, rv, RSS2, strlen(RSS2)));
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, PSS1, strlen(PSS1)) ||
+ memmem(buf, rv, PSS2, strlen(PSS2)));
+
+ static const char *S[] = {
+ "Anonymous: 0 kB\n",
+ "AnonHugePages: 0 kB\n",
+ "Shared_Hugetlb: 0 kB\n",
+ "Private_Hugetlb: 0 kB\n",
+ "Locked: 0 kB\n",
+ };
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sizeof(S)/sizeof(S[0]); i++) {
+ assert(memmem(buf, rv, S[i], strlen(S[i])));
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Test /proc/$PID/statm */
+ {
+ char buf[64];
+ ssize_t rv;
+ int fd;
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%u/statm", pid);
+ fd = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ rv = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ assert(rv == 7 * 2);
+
+ assert(buf[0] == '1'); /* ->total_vm */
+ assert(buf[1] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[2] == '0' || buf[2] == '1'); /* rss */
+ assert(buf[3] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[4] == '0' || buf[2] == '1'); /* file rss */
+ assert(buf[5] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[6] == '1'); /* ELF executable segments */
+ assert(buf[7] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[8] == '0');
+ assert(buf[9] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[10] == '0'); /* ->data_vm + ->stack_vm */
+ assert(buf[11] == ' ');
+ assert(buf[12] == '0');
+ assert(buf[13] == '\n');
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#else
+int main(void)
+{
+ return 4;
+}
+#endif
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