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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] Provide in-kernel headers for making it easy to extend the kernel
On Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 01:14:11PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 15, 2019 at 11:48 PM Alexei Starovoitov
> <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Feb 11, 2019 at 09:35:59AM -0500, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> > > Introduce in-kernel headers and other artifacts which are made available
> > > as an archive through proc (/proc/kheaders.txz file).
>
>
> The extension '.txz' is not used in kernel code.
>
>
> '.tar.xz' is used for 'tarxz-pkg', 'perf-tarxz-src-pkg' etc.
>
>
> $ git grep '\.txz'
> $ git grep '\.tar\.xz'
> Documentation/admin-guide/README.rst: xz -cd linux-4.X.tar.xz | tar xvf -
> arch/x86/crypto/camellia-aesni-avx-asm_64.S: *
> http://koti.mbnet.fi/axh/crypto/camellia-BSD-1.2.0-aesni1.tar.xz
> crypto/testmgr.h: * https://bench.cr.yp.to/supercop/supercop-20170228.tar.xz
> crypto/testmgr.h: * https://bench.cr.yp.to/supercop/supercop-20170228.tar.xz
> crypto/testmgr.h: * https://bench.cr.yp.to/supercop/supercop-20170228.tar.xz
> crypto/testmgr.h: * https://bench.cr.yp.to/supercop/supercop-20170228.tar.xz
> crypto/testmgr.h: * https://bench.cr.yp.to/supercop/supercop-20170228.tar.xz
> scripts/package/Makefile: @echo ' perf-tarxz-src-pkg - Build
> $(perf-tar).tar.xz source tarball'
> tools/testing/selftests/gen_kselftest_tar.sh:
> ext=".tar.xz"
>
>
>
> I prefer '.tar.xz' for consistency.

Ok, I will change it to that.

> BTW, have you ever looked at scripts/extract-ikconfig?
>
> You added IKHD_ST and IKHD_ED
> just to mimic kernel/configs.c
>
> It is currently pointless without the extracting tool,
> but you might think it is useful to extract headers
> from vmlinux or the module without mounting procfs.

I am planing add to extraction support in the future, so I prefer to leave the
markers as it is for now. Hope that's Ok with you.


> > > This archive makes
> > > it possible to build kernel modules, run eBPF programs, and other
> > > tracing programs that need to extend the kernel for tracing purposes
> > > without any dependency on the file system having headers and build
> > > artifacts.
> > >
> > > On Android and embedded systems, it is common to switch kernels but not
> > > have kernel headers available on the file system. Raw kernel headers
> > > also cannot be copied into the filesystem like they can be on other
> > > distros, due to licensing and other issues. There's no linux-headers
> > > package on Android. Further once a different kernel is booted, any
> > > headers stored on the file system will no longer be useful. By storing
> > > the headers as a compressed archive within the kernel, we can avoid these
> > > issues that have been a hindrance for a long time.
> >
> > The set looks good to me and since the main use case is building bpf progs
> > I can route it via bpf-next tree if there are no objections.
> > Masahiro, could you please ack it?
>
>
> Honestly, I was not tracking this thread
> since I did not know I was responsible for this.
>
>
> I just started to take a closer look, then immediately got scared.
>
> This version is not mature enough for the merge.
> First of all, this patch cannot be compiled out-of-tree (O= option).

Oh, ok. This is not how I build the kernel. So I am sorry for missing that. I
will try this out-of-tree build option and fix it.


> I do not know why 0-day bot did not catch this apparent breakage.
>
>
> $ make -j8 O=hoge
> make[1]: Entering directory '/home/masahiro/workspace/bsp/linux/hoge'
> GEN Makefile
> Using .. as source for kernel
> DESCEND objtool
> CALL ../scripts/checksyscalls.sh
> CHK include/generated/compile.h
> make[2]: *** No rule to make target 'Module.symvers', needed by
> 'kernel/kheaders_data.txz'. Stop.
> make[2]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
> /home/masahiro/workspace/bsp/linux/Makefile:1043: recipe for target
> 'kernel' failed
> make[1]: *** [kernel] Error 2
> make[1]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
> make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/masahiro/workspace/bsp/linux/hoge'
> Makefile:152: recipe for target 'sub-make' failed
> make: *** [sub-make] Error 2
>
>
>
>
>
> I was able to compile it in-tree
> but it makes the incremental build extremely slow.
>
> (Here, the incremental build means
> "make" without changing any code after the full build.)
>
>
>
>
> Before this patch, "make -j8" took 11 sec on my machine.
>
> real 0m11.777s
> user 0m16.608s
> sys 0m5.164s
>
>
>
> After this patch, x86_64_defconfig + CONFIG_IKHEADERS_PROC=y
> takes 53 sec for me since kernel/kheaders_data.txz is regenerated
> every time even when you did not touch any source file.

Hmm, true. Let me know look into that as well..


> $ time make -j8
> DESCEND objtool
> CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh
> CHK include/generated/compile.h
> GEN kernel/kheaders_data.txz
> UPD kernel/kheaders_data.h
> CC kernel/kheaders.o
> AR kernel/built-in.a
> GEN .version
> CHK include/generated/compile.h
> UPD include/generated/compile.h
> CC init/version.o
> AR init/built-in.a
> AR built-in.a
> LD vmlinux.o
> MODPOST vmlinux.o
> KSYM .tmp_kallsyms1.o
> KSYM .tmp_kallsyms2.o
> LD vmlinux
> SORTEX vmlinux
> SYSMAP System.map
> Building modules, stage 2.
> CC arch/x86/boot/version.o
> MODPOST 17 modules
> VOFFSET arch/x86/boot/compressed/../voffset.h
> OBJCOPY arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.bin
> RELOCS arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.relocs
> CC arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.o
> GZIP arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.bin.gz
> CC arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.o
> MKPIGGY arch/x86/boot/compressed/piggy.S
> AS arch/x86/boot/compressed/piggy.o
> LD arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux
> ZOFFSET arch/x86/boot/zoffset.h
> OBJCOPY arch/x86/boot/vmlinux.bin
> AS arch/x86/boot/header.o
> LD arch/x86/boot/setup.elf
> OBJCOPY arch/x86/boot/setup.bin
> BUILD arch/x86/boot/bzImage
> Setup is 15612 bytes (padded to 15872 bytes).
> System is 12673 kB
> CRC 697aaf88
> Kernel: arch/x86/boot/bzImage is ready (#6)
>
> real 0m53.024s
> user 0m32.076s
> sys 0m9.296s
>
>
>
>
> Also, I notice $(ARCH) must be fixed to $(SRCARCH),
> but that is one of minor issues.

Ok.

> We should take time for careful review and test.

Yes, I agree.

> Please give me more time for thorough review.

Sure. Thanks a lot for the feedback provided so far. I will send another
revision soon with all the suggestions addressed.

thanks,

- Joel

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