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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] ARC: U-boot: check arguments paranoidly
Date
On 2/12/19 7:39 AM, Eugeniy Paltsev wrote:
> Handle U-boot arguments paranoidly:
> * don't allow to pass unknown tag.
> * try to use external device tree blob only if corresponding tag
> (TAG_DTB) is set.
> * check that magic number is correct.
> * don't check uboot_tag if kernel build with no ARC_UBOOT_SUPPORT.
>
> NOTE:
> If U-boot args are invalid we skip them and try to use embedded device
> tree blob. We can't panic on invalid U-boot args as we really pass
> invalid args due to bug in U-boot code.
> This happens if we don't provide external DTB to U-boot and
> don't set 'bootargs' U-boot environment variable (which is default
> case at least for HSDK board) In that case we will pass
> {r0 = 1 (bootargs in r2); r1 = 0; r2 = 0;} to linux which is invalid.
>
> NOTE:
> We can safely check U-boot magic value (0x0) in linux passed via
> r1 register as U-boot pass it from the beginning.
>
> While I'm at it refactor U-boot arguments handling code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eugeniy Paltsev <Eugeniy.Paltsev@synopsys.com>
> ---
> arch/arc/kernel/head.S | 5 +--
> arch/arc/kernel/setup.c | 92 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> 2 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arc/kernel/head.S b/arch/arc/kernel/head.S
> index 8b90d25a15cc..fccea361e896 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/kernel/head.S
> +++ b/arch/arc/kernel/head.S
> @@ -93,10 +93,11 @@ ENTRY(stext)
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARC_UBOOT_SUPPORT
> ; Uboot - kernel ABI
> ; r0 = [0] No uboot interaction, [1] cmdline in r2, [2] DTB in r2
> - ; r1 = magic number (board identity, unused as of now
> + ; r1 = magic number (always zero as of now)

This is technically changing the ABI - I think we don't need to enforce this -
keep ignoring this

> ; r2 = pointer to uboot provided cmdline or external DTB in mem
> - ; These are handled later in setup_arch()
> + ; These are handled later in handle_uboot_args()
> st r0, [@uboot_tag]
> + st r1, [@uboot_magic]
> st r2, [@uboot_arg]
> #endif
>
> diff --git a/arch/arc/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arc/kernel/setup.c
> index feb90093e6b1..84d394a37e79 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/kernel/setup.c
> +++ b/arch/arc/kernel/setup.c
> @@ -36,7 +36,8 @@ unsigned int intr_to_DE_cnt;
>
> /* Part of U-boot ABI: see head.S */
> int __initdata uboot_tag;
> -char __initdata *uboot_arg;
> +int __initdata uboot_magic;
> +unsigned int __initdata uboot_arg;
>
> const struct machine_desc *machine_desc;
>
> @@ -462,43 +463,82 @@ void setup_processor(void)
> arc_chk_core_config();
> }
>
> -static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr)
> +static inline bool uboot_arg_invalid(unsigned int addr)
> {
> - if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end)
> - return 1;
> - return 0;
> + /*
> + * Check that it is a untranslated address (although MMU is not enabled
> + * yet, it being a high address ensures this is not by fluke)
> + */
> + if (addr < PAGE_OFFSET)
> + return true;
> +
> + /* Check that address doesn't clobber resident kernel image */
> + return addr >= (unsigned int)_stext && addr <= (unsigned int)_end;
> }
>
> -void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
> +#define IGNORE_ARGS "Ignore U-boot args: "
> +
> +/* uboot_{tag, magic} values for U-boot - kernel ABI revision 0; see head.S */
> +#define UBOOT_TAG_NONE 0
> +#define UBOOT_TAG_CMDLINE 1
> +#define UBOOT_TAG_DTB 2
> +/* We always pass 0 as magic from U-boot */
> +#define UBOOT_MAGIC_VAL 0
> +
> +void __init handle_uboot_args(void)
> {
> + bool use_embedded_dtb = true;
> + bool append_cmdline = false;
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARC_UBOOT_SUPPORT
> - /* make sure that uboot passed pointer to cmdline/dtb is valid */
> - if (uboot_tag && is_kernel((unsigned long)uboot_arg))
> - panic("Invalid uboot arg\n");
> + /* check that we know this tag */
> + if (uboot_tag != UBOOT_TAG_NONE &&
> + uboot_tag != UBOOT_TAG_CMDLINE &&
> + uboot_tag != UBOOT_TAG_DTB) {
> + pr_warn(IGNORE_ARGS "invalid uboot tag: '%08x'\n", uboot_tag);
> + goto ignore_uboot_args;
> + }
> +
> + if (uboot_magic != UBOOT_MAGIC_VAL) {
> + pr_warn(IGNORE_ARGS "non zero uboot magic\n");
> + goto ignore_uboot_args;
> + }

Not needed per above.

> +
> + if (uboot_tag != UBOOT_TAG_NONE && uboot_arg_invalid(uboot_arg)) {
> + pr_warn(IGNORE_ARGS "invalid uboot arg: '%08x'\n", uboot_arg);
> + goto ignore_uboot_args;
> + }
> +
> + /* see if U-boot passed an external Device Tree blob */
> + if (uboot_tag == UBOOT_TAG_DTB) {
> + machine_desc = setup_machine_fdt((void *)uboot_arg);
> +
> + /* external Device Tree blob is invalid - use embedded one */
> + use_embedded_dtb = !machine_desc;
> + }
> +
> + if (uboot_tag == UBOOT_TAG_CMDLINE)
> + append_cmdline = true;
>
> - /* See if u-boot passed an external Device Tree blob */
> - machine_desc = setup_machine_fdt(uboot_arg); /* uboot_tag == 2 */
> - if (!machine_desc)
> +ignore_uboot_args:
> #endif
> - {
> - /* No, so try the embedded one */
> +
> + if (use_embedded_dtb) {
> machine_desc = setup_machine_fdt(__dtb_start);
> if (!machine_desc)
> panic("Embedded DT invalid\n");
> + }
>
> - /*
> - * If we are here, it is established that @uboot_arg didn't
> - * point to DT blob. Instead if u-boot says it is cmdline,
> - * append to embedded DT cmdline.
> - * setup_machine_fdt() would have populated @boot_command_line
> - */

Don't drop this comment, specially the last line. If was tempted to move the cmd
line processing before but this saved me since we rely on setup_machine_fdt()
being called aprioiri.
> - if (uboot_tag == 1) {
> - /* Ensure a whitespace between the 2 cmdlines */
> - strlcat(boot_command_line, " ", COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
> - strlcat(boot_command_line, uboot_arg,
> - COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
> - }
> + if (append_cmdline) {
> + /* Ensure a whitespace between the 2 cmdlines */
> + strlcat(boot_command_line, " ", COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
> + strlcat(boot_command_line, (char *)uboot_arg, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
> }
> +}
> +
> +void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
> +{
> + handle_uboot_args();
>
> /* Save unparsed command line copy for /proc/cmdline */
> *cmdline_p = boot_command_line;


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