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Subject[PATCH v3 3/4] perf-security: elaborate on perf_events/Perf privileged users
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Date

Elaborate on possible perf_event/Perf privileged users groups
and document steps about creating such groups.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov@linux.intel.com>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 43 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst
index 8772d44a5912..dccbf2ec0c9e 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst
@@ -73,6 +73,48 @@ enable capturing of additional data required for later performance analysis of
monitored processes or a system. For example, CAP_SYSLOG capability permits
reading kernel space memory addresses from /proc/kallsyms file.

+perf_events/Perf privileged users
+---------------------------------
+
+Mechanisms of capabilities, privileged capability-dumb files [6]_ and file system
+ACLs [10]_ can be used to create a dedicated group of perf_events/Perf privileged
+users who are permitted to execute performance monitoring without scope limits.
+The following steps can be taken to create such a group of privileged Perf users.
+
+1. Create perf_users group of privileged Perf users, assign perf_users group to
+ Perf tool executable and limit access to the executable for other users in the
+ system who are not in the perf_users group:
+
+::
+
+ # groupadd perf_users
+ # ls -alhF
+ -rwxr-xr-x 2 root root 11M Oct 19 15:12 perf
+ # chgrp perf_users perf
+ # ls -alhF
+ -rwxr-xr-x 2 root perf_users 11M Oct 19 15:12 perf
+ # chmod o-rwx perf
+ # ls -alhF
+ -rwxr-x--- 2 root perf_users 11M Oct 19 15:12 perf
+
+2. Assign the required capabilities to the Perf tool executable file and enable
+ members of perf_users group with performance monitoring privileges [6]_ :
+
+::
+
+ # setcap "cap_sys_admin,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
+ # setcap -v "cap_sys_admin,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
+ perf: OK
+ # getcap perf
+ perf = cap_sys_ptrace,cap_sys_admin,cap_syslog+ep
+
+As a result, members of perf_users group are capable of conducting performance
+monitoring by using functionality of the configured Perf tool executable that,
+when executes, passes perf_events subsystem scope checks.
+
+This specific access control management is only available to superuser or root
+running processes with CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_SETFCAP [6]_ capabilities.
+
perf_events/Perf unprivileged users
-----------------------------------

@@ -162,6 +204,7 @@ Bibliography
.. [7] `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man2/ptrace.2.html>`_
.. [8] `<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardware_performance_counter>`_
.. [9] `<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model-specific_register>`_
+.. [10] `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/acl.5.html>`_
.. [11] `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man2/getrlimit.2.html>`_
.. [12] `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/limits.conf.5.html>`_
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