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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 05/20] x86/alternative: initializing temporary mm for patching
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On Feb 10, 2019, at 4:39 PM, Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@gmail.com> wrote:

>> On Jan 28, 2019, at 4:34 PM, Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> From: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
>>
>> To prevent improper use of the PTEs that are used for text patching, we
>> want to use a temporary mm struct. We initailize it by copying the init
>> mm.
>>
>> The address that will be used for patching is taken from the lower area
>> that is usually used for the task memory. Doing so prevents the need to
>> frequently synchronize the temporary-mm (e.g., when BPF programs are
>> installed), since different PGDs are used for the task memory.
>>
>> Finally, we randomize the address of the PTEs to harden against exploits
>> that use these PTEs.
>>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
>> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
>> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
>> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
>> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h | 3 +++
>> arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h | 2 ++
>> arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 3 +++
>> arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> init/main.c | 3 +++
>> 5 files changed, 47 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>> index 40616e805292..e8f630d9a2ed 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
>> @@ -1021,6 +1021,9 @@ static inline void __meminit init_trampoline_default(void)
>> /* Default trampoline pgd value */
>> trampoline_pgd_entry = init_top_pgt[pgd_index(__PAGE_OFFSET)];
>> }
>> +
>> +void __init poking_init(void);
>> +
>> # ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY
>> void __meminit init_trampoline(void);
>> # else
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>> index f8fc8e86cf01..a75eed841eed 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
>> @@ -39,5 +39,7 @@ extern void *text_poke_kgdb(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
>> extern int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
>> extern void *text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler);
>> extern int after_bootmem;
>> +extern __ro_after_init struct mm_struct *poking_mm;
>> +extern __ro_after_init unsigned long poking_addr;
>>
>> #endif /* _ASM_X86_TEXT_PATCHING_H */
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>> index 12fddbc8c55b..ae05fbb50171 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
>> @@ -678,6 +678,9 @@ void *__init_or_module text_poke_early(void *addr, const void *opcode,
>> return addr;
>> }
>>
>> +__ro_after_init struct mm_struct *poking_mm;
>> +__ro_after_init unsigned long poking_addr;
>> +
>> static void *__text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len)
>> {
>> unsigned long flags;
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> index bccff68e3267..125c8c48aa24 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@
>> #include <asm/init.h>
>> #include <asm/uv/uv.h>
>> #include <asm/setup.h>
>> +#include <asm/text-patching.h>
>>
>> #include "mm_internal.h"
>>
>> @@ -1383,6 +1384,41 @@ unsigned long memory_block_size_bytes(void)
>> return memory_block_size_probed;
>> }
>>
>> +/*
>> + * Initialize an mm_struct to be used during poking and a pointer to be used
>> + * during patching.
>> + */
>> +void __init poking_init(void)
>> +{
>> + spinlock_t *ptl;
>> + pte_t *ptep;
>> +
>> + poking_mm = copy_init_mm();
>> + BUG_ON(!poking_mm);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Randomize the poking address, but make sure that the following page
>> + * will be mapped at the same PMD. We need 2 pages, so find space for 3,
>> + * and adjust the address if the PMD ends after the first one.
>> + */
>> + poking_addr = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
>> + if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE))
>> + poking_addr += (kaslr_get_random_long("Poking") & PAGE_MASK) %
>> + (TASK_SIZE - TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE - 3 * PAGE_SIZE);
>> +
>> + if (((poking_addr + PAGE_SIZE) & ~PMD_MASK) == 0)
>> + poking_addr += PAGE_SIZE;
>
> Further thinking about it, I think that allocating the virtual address for
> poking from user address-range is problematic. The user can set watchpoints
> on different addresses, cause some static-keys to be enabled/disabled, and
> monitor the signals to derandomize the poking address.
>

Hmm, I hadn’t thought about watchpoints. I’m not sure how much we care about possible derandomization like this, but we certainly don’t want to send signals or otherwise malfunction.

> Andy, I think you were pushing this change. Can I go back to use a vmalloc’d
> address instead, or do you have a better solution?

Hmm. If we use a vmalloc address, we have to make sure it’s not actually allocated. I suppose we could allocate one once at boot and use that. We also have the problem that the usual APIs for handling “user” addresses might assume they’re actually in the user range, although this seems unlikely to be a problem in practice. More seriously, though, the code that manipulates per-mm paging structures assumes that *all* of the structures up to the top level are per-mm, and, if we use anything less than a private pgd, this isn’t the case.

> I prefer not to
> save/restore DR7, of course.
>

I suspect we may want to use the temporary mm concept for EFI, too, so we may want to just suck it up and save/restore DR7. But only if a watchpoint is in use, of course. I have an old patch I could dust off that tracks DR7 to make things like this efficient.
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