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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 4/4] mm: Add merge page notifier
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On 2019/2/5 2:15, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
>
> Because the implementation was limiting itself to only providing hints on
> pages huge TLB order sized or larger we introduced the possibility for free
> pages to slip past us because they are freed as something less then
> huge TLB in size and aggregated with buddies later.
>
> To address that I am adding a new call arch_merge_page which is called
> after __free_one_page has merged a pair of pages to create a higher order
> page. By doing this I am able to fill the gap and provide full coverage for
> all of the pages huge TLB order or larger.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/page.h | 12 ++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/gfp.h | 4 ++++
> mm/page_alloc.c | 2 ++
> 4 files changed, 46 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> index 4487ad7a3385..9540a97c9997 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> @@ -29,6 +29,18 @@ static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> if (static_branch_unlikely(&pv_free_page_hint_enabled))
> __arch_free_page(page, order);
> }
> +
> +struct zone;
> +
> +#define HAVE_ARCH_MERGE_PAGE
> +void __arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> + unsigned int order);
> +static inline void arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> + unsigned int order)
> +{
> + if (static_branch_unlikely(&pv_free_page_hint_enabled))
> + __arch_merge_page(zone, page, order);
> +}
> #endif
>
> #include <linux/range.h>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> index 09c91641c36c..957bb4f427bb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> @@ -785,6 +785,34 @@ void __arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> PAGE_SIZE << order);
> }
>
> +void __arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> + unsigned int order)
> +{
> + /*
> + * The merging logic has merged a set of buddies up to the
> + * KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER. Since that is the case, take
> + * advantage of this moment to notify the hypervisor of the free
> + * memory.
> + */
> + if (order != KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER)
> + return;
> +
> + /*
> + * Drop zone lock while processing the hypercall. This
> + * should be safe as the page has not yet been added
> + * to the buddy list as of yet and all the pages that
> + * were merged have had their buddy/guard flags cleared
> + * and their order reset to 0.
> + */
> + spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
> +
> + kvm_hypercall2(KVM_HC_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT, page_to_phys(page),
> + PAGE_SIZE << order);
> +
> + /* reacquire lock and resume freeing memory */
> + spin_lock(&zone->lock);
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
>
> /* Kick a cpu by its apicid. Used to wake up a halted vcpu */
> diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
> index fdab7de7490d..4746d5560193 100644
> --- a/include/linux/gfp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
> @@ -459,6 +459,10 @@ static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags)
> #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE
> static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { }
> #endif
> +#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_MERGE_PAGE
> +static inline void
> +arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page, int order) { }
> +#endif
> #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_PAGE
> static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { }
> #endif
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index c954f8c1fbc4..7a1309b0b7c5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -913,6 +913,8 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
> page = page + (combined_pfn - pfn);
> pfn = combined_pfn;
> order++;
> +
> + arch_merge_page(zone, page, order);

Not a proper place AFAICS.

Assume we have an order-8 page being sent here for merge and its order-8
buddy is also free, then order++ became 9 and arch_merge_page() will do
the hint to host on this page as an order-9 page, no problem so far.
Then the next round, assume the now order-9 page's buddy is also free,
order++ will become 10 and arch_merge_page() will again hint to host on
this page as an order-10 page. The first hint to host became redundant.

I think the proper place is after the done_merging tag.

BTW, with arch_merge_page() at the proper place, I don't think patch3/4
is necessary - any freed page will go through merge anyway, we won't
lose any hint opportunity. Or do I miss anything?

> }
> if (max_order < MAX_ORDER) {
> /* If we are here, it means order is >= pageblock_order.
>

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