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Subject[rfc] dma-mapping: preallocate unencrypted DMA atomic pool
Christoph, Thomas, is something like this (without the diagnosic 
information included in this patch) acceptable for these allocations?
Adding expansion support when the pool is half depleted wouldn't be *that*
hard.

Or are there alternatives we should consider? Thanks!




When AMD SEV is enabled in the guest, all allocations through
dma_pool_alloc_page() must call set_memory_decrypted() for unencrypted
DMA. This includes dma_pool_alloc() and dma_direct_alloc_pages(). These
calls may block which is not allowed in atomic allocation contexts such as
from the NVMe driver.

Preallocate a complementary unecrypted DMA atomic pool that is initially
4MB in size. This patch does not contain dynamic expansion, but that
could be added if necessary.

In our stress testing, our peak unecrypted DMA atomic allocation
requirements is ~1.4MB, so 4MB is plenty. This pool is similar to the
existing DMA atomic pool but is unencrypted.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
---
Based on v5.4 HEAD.

This commit contains diagnostic information and is not intended for use
in a production environment.

arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 5 +-
include/linux/dma-mapping.h | 7 ++-
kernel/dma/direct.c | 16 ++++-
kernel/dma/remap.c | 116 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
5 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1530,6 +1530,7 @@ config X86_CPA_STATISTICS
config AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
bool "AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) support"
depends on X86_64 && CPU_SUP_AMD
+ select DMA_DIRECT_REMAP
select DYNAMIC_PHYSICAL_MASK
select ARCH_USE_MEMREMAP_PROT
select ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
--- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
@@ -928,7 +928,7 @@ static void __iommu_dma_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr)

/* Non-coherent atomic allocation? Easy */
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DMA_DIRECT_REMAP) &&
- dma_free_from_pool(cpu_addr, alloc_size))
+ dma_free_from_pool(dev, cpu_addr, alloc_size))
return;

if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DMA_REMAP) && is_vmalloc_addr(cpu_addr)) {
@@ -1011,7 +1011,8 @@ static void *iommu_dma_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size,

if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DMA_DIRECT_REMAP) &&
!gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp) && !coherent)
- cpu_addr = dma_alloc_from_pool(PAGE_ALIGN(size), &page, gfp);
+ cpu_addr = dma_alloc_from_pool(dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size), &page,
+ gfp);
else
cpu_addr = iommu_dma_alloc_pages(dev, size, &page, gfp, attrs);
if (!cpu_addr)
diff --git a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
--- a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
+++ b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
@@ -629,9 +629,10 @@ void *dma_common_pages_remap(struct page **pages, size_t size,
pgprot_t prot, const void *caller);
void dma_common_free_remap(void *cpu_addr, size_t size);

-bool dma_in_atomic_pool(void *start, size_t size);
-void *dma_alloc_from_pool(size_t size, struct page **ret_page, gfp_t flags);
-bool dma_free_from_pool(void *start, size_t size);
+bool dma_in_atomic_pool(struct device *dev, void *start, size_t size);
+void *dma_alloc_from_pool(struct device *dev, size_t size,
+ struct page **ret_page, gfp_t flags);
+bool dma_free_from_pool(struct device *dev, void *start, size_t size);

int
dma_common_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr,
diff --git a/kernel/dma/direct.c b/kernel/dma/direct.c
--- a/kernel/dma/direct.c
+++ b/kernel/dma/direct.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/dma-direct.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <linux/dma-contiguous.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/dma-noncoherent.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/set_memory.h>
@@ -131,6 +132,13 @@ void *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size,
struct page *page;
void *ret;

+ if (!gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp) && force_dma_unencrypted(dev)) {
+ ret = dma_alloc_from_pool(dev, size, &page, gfp);
+ if (!ret)
+ return NULL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
page = __dma_direct_alloc_pages(dev, size, dma_handle, gfp, attrs);
if (!page)
return NULL;
@@ -156,7 +164,7 @@ void *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size,
__dma_direct_free_pages(dev, size, page);
return NULL;
}
-
+done:
ret = page_address(page);
if (force_dma_unencrypted(dev)) {
set_memory_decrypted((unsigned long)ret, 1 << get_order(size));
@@ -185,6 +193,12 @@ void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr,
{
unsigned int page_order = get_order(size);

+ if (force_dma_unencrypted(dev) &&
+ dma_in_atomic_pool(dev, cpu_addr, size)) {
+ dma_free_from_pool(dev, cpu_addr, size);
+ return;
+ }
+
if ((attrs & DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING) &&
!force_dma_unencrypted(dev)) {
/* cpu_addr is a struct page cookie, not a kernel address */
diff --git a/kernel/dma/remap.c b/kernel/dma/remap.c
--- a/kernel/dma/remap.c
+++ b/kernel/dma/remap.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/dma-contiguous.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/genalloc.h>
+#include <linux/set_memory.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

@@ -100,9 +101,11 @@ void dma_common_free_remap(void *cpu_addr, size_t size)

#ifdef CONFIG_DMA_DIRECT_REMAP
static struct gen_pool *atomic_pool __ro_after_init;
+static struct gen_pool *atomic_pool_unencrypted __ro_after_init;

#define DEFAULT_DMA_COHERENT_POOL_SIZE SZ_256K
static size_t atomic_pool_size __initdata = DEFAULT_DMA_COHERENT_POOL_SIZE;
+static size_t atomic_pool_unencrypted_size __initdata = SZ_4M;

static int __init early_coherent_pool(char *p)
{
@@ -120,10 +123,11 @@ static gfp_t dma_atomic_pool_gfp(void)
return GFP_KERNEL;
}

-static int __init dma_atomic_pool_init(void)
+static int __init __dma_atomic_pool_init(struct gen_pool **pool,
+ size_t pool_size, bool unencrypt)
{
- unsigned int pool_size_order = get_order(atomic_pool_size);
- unsigned long nr_pages = atomic_pool_size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ unsigned int pool_size_order = get_order(pool_size);
+ unsigned long nr_pages = pool_size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct page *page;
void *addr;
int ret;
@@ -136,78 +140,128 @@ static int __init dma_atomic_pool_init(void)
if (!page)
goto out;

- arch_dma_prep_coherent(page, atomic_pool_size);
+ arch_dma_prep_coherent(page, pool_size);

- atomic_pool = gen_pool_create(PAGE_SHIFT, -1);
- if (!atomic_pool)
+ *pool = gen_pool_create(PAGE_SHIFT, -1);
+ if (!*pool)
goto free_page;

- addr = dma_common_contiguous_remap(page, atomic_pool_size,
+ addr = dma_common_contiguous_remap(page, pool_size,
pgprot_dmacoherent(PAGE_KERNEL),
__builtin_return_address(0));
if (!addr)
goto destroy_genpool;

- ret = gen_pool_add_virt(atomic_pool, (unsigned long)addr,
- page_to_phys(page), atomic_pool_size, -1);
+ ret = gen_pool_add_virt(*pool, (unsigned long)addr, page_to_phys(page),
+ pool_size, -1);
if (ret)
goto remove_mapping;
- gen_pool_set_algo(atomic_pool, gen_pool_first_fit_order_align, NULL);
+ gen_pool_set_algo(*pool, gen_pool_first_fit_order_align, NULL);
+ if (unencrypt)
+ set_memory_decrypted((unsigned long)page_to_virt(page), nr_pages);

- pr_info("DMA: preallocated %zu KiB pool for atomic allocations\n",
- atomic_pool_size / 1024);
+ pr_info("DMA: preallocated %zu KiB pool for atomic allocations%s\n",
+ pool_size >> 10, unencrypt ? " (unencrypted)" : "");
return 0;

remove_mapping:
- dma_common_free_remap(addr, atomic_pool_size);
+ dma_common_free_remap(addr, pool_size);
destroy_genpool:
- gen_pool_destroy(atomic_pool);
- atomic_pool = NULL;
+ gen_pool_destroy(*pool);
+ *pool = NULL;
free_page:
if (!dma_release_from_contiguous(NULL, page, nr_pages))
__free_pages(page, pool_size_order);
out:
- pr_err("DMA: failed to allocate %zu KiB pool for atomic coherent allocation\n",
- atomic_pool_size / 1024);
+ pr_err("DMA: failed to allocate %zu KiB pool for atomic coherent allocation%s\n",
+ pool_size >> 10, unencrypt ? " (unencrypted)" : "");
return -ENOMEM;
}
+
+static int __init dma_atomic_pool_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = __dma_atomic_pool_init(&atomic_pool, atomic_pool_size, false);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ return __dma_atomic_pool_init(&atomic_pool_unencrypted,
+ atomic_pool_unencrypted_size, true);
+}
postcore_initcall(dma_atomic_pool_init);

-bool dma_in_atomic_pool(void *start, size_t size)
+static inline struct gen_pool *dev_to_pool(struct device *dev)
{
- if (unlikely(!atomic_pool))
- return false;
+ if (force_dma_unencrypted(dev))
+ return atomic_pool_unencrypted;
+ return atomic_pool;
+}
+
+bool dma_in_atomic_pool(struct device *dev, void *start, size_t size)
+{
+ struct gen_pool *pool = dev_to_pool(dev);

- return addr_in_gen_pool(atomic_pool, (unsigned long)start, size);
+ if (unlikely(!pool))
+ return false;
+ return addr_in_gen_pool(pool, (unsigned long)start, size);
}

-void *dma_alloc_from_pool(size_t size, struct page **ret_page, gfp_t flags)
+static struct gen_pool *atomic_pool __ro_after_init;
+static size_t encrypted_pool_size;
+static size_t encrypted_pool_size_max;
+static spinlock_t encrypted_pool_size_lock;
+
+void *dma_alloc_from_pool(struct device *dev, size_t size,
+ struct page **ret_page, gfp_t flags)
{
+ struct gen_pool *pool = dev_to_pool(dev);
unsigned long val;
void *ptr = NULL;

- if (!atomic_pool) {
- WARN(1, "coherent pool not initialised!\n");
+ if (!pool) {
+ WARN(1, "%scoherent pool not initialised!\n",
+ force_dma_unencrypted(dev) ? "encrypted " : "");
return NULL;
}

- val = gen_pool_alloc(atomic_pool, size);
+ val = gen_pool_alloc(pool, size);
if (val) {
- phys_addr_t phys = gen_pool_virt_to_phys(atomic_pool, val);
+ phys_addr_t phys = gen_pool_virt_to_phys(pool, val);

*ret_page = pfn_to_page(__phys_to_pfn(phys));
ptr = (void *)val;
memset(ptr, 0, size);
+ if (force_dma_unencrypted(dev)) {
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&encrypted_pool_size_lock, flags);
+ encrypted_pool_size += size;
+ if (encrypted_pool_size > encrypted_pool_size_max) {
+ encrypted_pool_size_max = encrypted_pool_size;
+ pr_info("max encrypted pool size now %lu\n",
+ encrypted_pool_size_max);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&encrypted_pool_size_lock, flags);
+ }
}

return ptr;
}

-bool dma_free_from_pool(void *start, size_t size)
+bool dma_free_from_pool(struct device *dev, void *start, size_t size)
{
- if (!dma_in_atomic_pool(start, size))
+ struct gen_pool *pool = dev_to_pool(dev);
+
+ if (!dma_in_atomic_pool(dev, start, size))
return false;
- gen_pool_free(atomic_pool, (unsigned long)start, size);
+ gen_pool_free(pool, (unsigned long)start, size);
+ if (force_dma_unencrypted(dev)) {
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&encrypted_pool_size_lock, flags);
+ encrypted_pool_size -= size;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&encrypted_pool_size_lock, flags);
+ }
return true;
}

@@ -220,7 +274,7 @@ void *arch_dma_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle,
size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);

if (!gfpflags_allow_blocking(flags)) {
- ret = dma_alloc_from_pool(size, &page, flags);
+ ret = dma_alloc_from_pool(dev, size, &page, flags);
if (!ret)
return NULL;
goto done;
@@ -251,7 +305,7 @@ void *arch_dma_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle,
void arch_dma_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *vaddr,
dma_addr_t dma_handle, unsigned long attrs)
{
- if (!dma_free_from_pool(vaddr, PAGE_ALIGN(size))) {
+ if (!dma_free_from_pool(dev, vaddr, PAGE_ALIGN(size))) {
phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, dma_handle);
struct page *page = pfn_to_page(__phys_to_pfn(phys));

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