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Subject[PATCH V5 RESEND 12/14] perf, tools, stat: Support new per thread TopDown metrics
Date
From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

Icelake has support for reporting per thread TopDown metrics.
These are reported differently than the previous TopDown support,
each metric is standalone, but scaled to pipeline "slots".
We don't need to do anything special for HyperThreading anymore.
Teach perf stat --topdown to handle these new metrics and
print them in the same way as the previous TopDown metrics.
The restrictions of only being able to report information per core is
gone.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
---

Changes since V4
- Add slots into topdown group

tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt | 9 ++-
tools/perf/builtin-stat.c | 25 ++++++++
tools/perf/util/stat-shadow.c | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/stat.c | 4 ++
tools/perf/util/stat.h | 8 +++
5 files changed, 133 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
index a9af4e440e80..fefbc886c519 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
@@ -279,8 +279,13 @@ if the workload is actually bound by the CPU and not by something else.
For best results it is usually a good idea to use it with interval
mode like -I 1000, as the bottleneck of workloads can change often.

-The top down metrics are collected per core instead of per
-CPU thread. Per core mode is automatically enabled
+This enables --metric-only, unless overridden with --no-metric-only.
+
+The following restrictions only apply to older Intel CPUs and Atom,
+on newer CPUs (IceLake and later) TopDown can be collected for any thread:
+
+The top down metrics are collected per core instead of per CPU thread.
+Per core mode is automatically enabled
and -a (global monitoring) is needed, requiring root rights or
perf.perf_event_paranoid=-1.

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c b/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
index c88d4e118409..0ed191bf8b5e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
@@ -126,6 +126,15 @@ static const char * topdown_attrs[] = {
NULL,
};

+static const char *topdown_metric_attrs[] = {
+ "slots",
+ "topdown-retiring",
+ "topdown-bad-spec",
+ "topdown-fe-bound",
+ "topdown-be-bound",
+ NULL,
+};
+
static const char *smi_cost_attrs = {
"{"
"msr/aperf/,"
@@ -1327,6 +1336,21 @@ static int add_default_attributes(void)
char *str = NULL;
bool warn = false;

+ if (topdown_filter_events(topdown_metric_attrs, &str, 1) < 0) {
+ pr_err("Out of memory\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (topdown_metric_attrs[0] && str) {
+ if (!stat_config.interval) {
+ fprintf(stat_config.output,
+ "Topdown accuracy may decreases when measuring long period.\n"
+ "Please print the result regularly, e.g. -I1000\n");
+ }
+ goto setup_metrics;
+ }
+
+ str = NULL;
+
if (stat_config.aggr_mode != AGGR_GLOBAL &&
stat_config.aggr_mode != AGGR_CORE) {
pr_err("top down event configuration requires --per-core mode\n");
@@ -1348,6 +1372,7 @@ static int add_default_attributes(void)
if (topdown_attrs[0] && str) {
if (warn)
arch_topdown_group_warn();
+setup_metrics:
err = parse_events(evsel_list, str, &errinfo);
if (err) {
fprintf(stderr,
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/stat-shadow.c b/tools/perf/util/stat-shadow.c
index 2c41d47f6f83..0484b1377cc8 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/stat-shadow.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/stat-shadow.c
@@ -243,6 +243,18 @@ void perf_stat__update_shadow_stats(struct evsel *counter, u64 count,
else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(counter, TOPDOWN_RECOVERY_BUBBLES))
update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_TOPDOWN_RECOVERY_BUBBLES,
ctx, cpu, count);
+ else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(counter, TOPDOWN_RETIRING))
+ update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_TOPDOWN_RETIRING,
+ ctx, cpu, count);
+ else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(counter, TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC))
+ update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC,
+ ctx, cpu, count);
+ else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(counter, TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND))
+ update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND,
+ ctx, cpu, count);
+ else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(counter, TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND))
+ update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND,
+ ctx, cpu, count);
else if (perf_evsel__match(counter, HARDWARE, HW_STALLED_CYCLES_FRONTEND))
update_runtime_stat(st, STAT_STALLED_CYCLES_FRONT,
ctx, cpu, count);
@@ -694,6 +706,47 @@ static double td_be_bound(int ctx, int cpu, struct runtime_stat *st)
return sanitize_val(1.0 - sum);
}

+/*
+ * Kernel reports metrics multiplied with slots. To get back
+ * the ratios we need to recreate the sum.
+ */
+
+static double td_metric_ratio(int ctx, int cpu,
+ enum stat_type type,
+ struct runtime_stat *stat)
+{
+ double sum = runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_RETIRING, ctx, cpu) +
+ runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND, ctx, cpu) +
+ runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND, ctx, cpu) +
+ runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC, ctx, cpu);
+ double d = runtime_stat_avg(stat, type, ctx, cpu);
+
+ if (sum)
+ return d / sum;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ... but only if most of the values are actually available.
+ * We allow two missing.
+ */
+
+static bool full_td(int ctx, int cpu,
+ struct runtime_stat *stat)
+{
+ int c = 0;
+
+ if (runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_RETIRING, ctx, cpu) > 0)
+ c++;
+ if (runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND, ctx, cpu) > 0)
+ c++;
+ if (runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND, ctx, cpu) > 0)
+ c++;
+ if (runtime_stat_avg(stat, STAT_TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC, ctx, cpu) > 0)
+ c++;
+ return c >= 2;
+}
+
static void print_smi_cost(struct perf_stat_config *config,
int cpu, struct evsel *evsel,
struct perf_stat_output_ctx *out,
@@ -1025,6 +1078,42 @@ void perf_stat__print_shadow_stats(struct perf_stat_config *config,
be_bound * 100.);
else
print_metric(config, ctxp, NULL, NULL, name, 0);
+ } else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(evsel, TOPDOWN_RETIRING) &&
+ full_td(ctx, cpu, st)) {
+ double retiring = td_metric_ratio(ctx, cpu,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_RETIRING, st);
+
+ if (retiring > 0.7)
+ color = PERF_COLOR_GREEN;
+ print_metric(config, ctxp, color, "%8.1f%%", "retiring",
+ retiring * 100.);
+ } else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(evsel, TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND) &&
+ full_td(ctx, cpu, st)) {
+ double fe_bound = td_metric_ratio(ctx, cpu,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND, st);
+
+ if (fe_bound > 0.2)
+ color = PERF_COLOR_RED;
+ print_metric(config, ctxp, color, "%8.1f%%", "frontend bound",
+ fe_bound * 100.);
+ } else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(evsel, TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND) &&
+ full_td(ctx, cpu, st)) {
+ double be_bound = td_metric_ratio(ctx, cpu,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND, st);
+
+ if (be_bound > 0.2)
+ color = PERF_COLOR_RED;
+ print_metric(config, ctxp, color, "%8.1f%%", "backend bound",
+ be_bound * 100.);
+ } else if (perf_stat_evsel__is(evsel, TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC) &&
+ full_td(ctx, cpu, st)) {
+ double bad_spec = td_metric_ratio(ctx, cpu,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC, st);
+
+ if (bad_spec > 0.1)
+ color = PERF_COLOR_RED;
+ print_metric(config, ctxp, color, "%8.1f%%", "bad speculation",
+ bad_spec * 100.);
} else if (evsel->metric_expr) {
generic_metric(config, evsel->metric_expr, evsel->metric_events, evsel->name,
evsel->metric_name, NULL, avg, cpu, out, st);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/stat.c b/tools/perf/util/stat.c
index 6822e4ffe224..cf7709dbd066 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/stat.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/stat.c
@@ -95,6 +95,10 @@ static const char *id_str[PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__MAX] = {
ID(TOPDOWN_SLOTS_RETIRED, topdown-slots-retired),
ID(TOPDOWN_FETCH_BUBBLES, topdown-fetch-bubbles),
ID(TOPDOWN_RECOVERY_BUBBLES, topdown-recovery-bubbles),
+ ID(TOPDOWN_RETIRING, topdown-retiring),
+ ID(TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC, topdown-bad-spec),
+ ID(TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND, topdown-fe-bound),
+ ID(TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND, topdown-be-bound),
ID(SMI_NUM, msr/smi/),
ID(APERF, msr/aperf/),
};
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/stat.h b/tools/perf/util/stat.h
index 081c4a5113c6..368a2a324c90 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/stat.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/stat.h
@@ -28,6 +28,10 @@ enum perf_stat_evsel_id {
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_SLOTS_RETIRED,
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_FETCH_BUBBLES,
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_RECOVERY_BUBBLES,
+ PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_RETIRING,
+ PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC,
+ PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND,
+ PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND,
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__SMI_NUM,
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__APERF,
PERF_STAT_EVSEL_ID__MAX,
@@ -81,6 +85,10 @@ enum stat_type {
STAT_TOPDOWN_SLOTS_RETIRED,
STAT_TOPDOWN_FETCH_BUBBLES,
STAT_TOPDOWN_RECOVERY_BUBBLES,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_RETIRING,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_BAD_SPEC,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_FE_BOUND,
+ STAT_TOPDOWN_BE_BOUND,
STAT_SMI_NUM,
STAT_APERF,
STAT_MAX
--
2.17.1
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