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Subject[PATCH v5 linux-kselftest-test 3/6] kunit: allow kunit tests to be loaded as a module
Date
As tests are added to kunit, it will become less feasible to execute
all built tests together. By supporting modular tests we provide
a simple way to do selective execution on a running system; specifying

CONFIG_KUNIT=y
CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST=m

...means we can simply "insmod example-test.ko" to run the tests.

To achieve this we need to do the following:

o export the required symbols in kunit
o string-stream tests utilize non-exported symbols so for now we skip
building them when CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST=m.
o support a new way of declaring test suites. Because a module cannot
do multiple late_initcall()s, we provide a kunit_test_suites() macro
to declare multiple suites within the same module at once.
o some test module names would have been too general ("test-test"
and "example-test" for kunit tests, "inode-test" for ext4 tests);
rename these as appropriate ("kunit-test", "kunit-example-test"
and "ext4-inode-test" respectively).

Co-developed-by: Knut Omang <knut.omang@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Knut Omang <knut.omang@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Alan Maguire <alan.maguire@oracle.com>
---
fs/ext4/Kconfig | 2 +-
fs/ext4/Makefile | 5 ++++
fs/ext4/inode-test.c | 4 ++-
include/kunit/test.h | 35 +++++++++++++++-------
kernel/sysctl-test.c | 4 ++-
lib/Kconfig.debug | 4 +--
lib/kunit/Kconfig | 4 +--
lib/kunit/Makefile | 10 +++++--
lib/kunit/assert.c | 8 +++++
lib/kunit/{example-test.c => kunit-example-test.c} | 4 ++-
lib/kunit/{test-test.c => kunit-test.c} | 5 ++--
lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c | 2 +-
lib/kunit/test.c | 8 +++++
lib/kunit/try-catch.c | 2 ++
lib/list-test.c | 4 ++-
15 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
rename lib/kunit/{example-test.c => kunit-example-test.c} (97%)
rename lib/kunit/{test-test.c => kunit-test.c} (98%)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/Kconfig b/fs/ext4/Kconfig
index ef42ab0..435510f 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/ext4/Kconfig
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ config EXT4_DEBUG
echo 1 > /sys/module/ext4/parameters/mballoc_debug

config EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS
- bool "KUnit tests for ext4"
+ tristate "KUnit tests for ext4"
select EXT4_FS
depends on KUNIT
help
diff --git a/fs/ext4/Makefile b/fs/ext4/Makefile
index 840b91d..1e72ef6 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/Makefile
+++ b/fs/ext4/Makefile
@@ -13,5 +13,10 @@ ext4-y := balloc.o bitmap.o block_validity.o dir.o ext4_jbd2.o extents.o \

ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL) += acl.o
ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY) += xattr_security.o
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS),y)
ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS) += inode-test.o
+else
+obj-$(CONFIG_EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS) += ext4-inode-test.o
+ext4-inode-test-objs += inode-test.o
+endif
ext4-$(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) += verity.o
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode-test.c b/fs/ext4/inode-test.c
index 92a9da1..95620bf 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode-test.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode-test.c
@@ -269,4 +269,6 @@ static void inode_test_xtimestamp_decoding(struct kunit *test)
.test_cases = ext4_inode_test_cases,
};

-kunit_test_suite(ext4_inode_test_suite);
+kunit_test_suites(&ext4_inode_test_suite);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
index dba4830..4e21a36 100644
--- a/include/kunit/test.h
+++ b/include/kunit/test.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <kunit/assert.h>
#include <kunit/try-catch.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

@@ -197,31 +198,45 @@ struct kunit {
int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_suite *suite);

/**
- * kunit_test_suite() - used to register a &struct kunit_suite with KUnit.
+ * kunit_test_suites() - used to register one or more &struct kunit_suite
+ * with KUnit.
*
- * @suite: a statically allocated &struct kunit_suite.
+ * @suites: a statically allocated list of &struct kunit_suite.
*
- * Registers @suite with the test framework. See &struct kunit_suite for
+ * Registers @suites with the test framework. See &struct kunit_suite for
* more information.
*
- * NOTE: Currently KUnit tests are all run as late_initcalls; this means
+ * When builtin, KUnit tests are all run as late_initcalls; this means
* that they cannot test anything where tests must run at a different init
* phase. One significant restriction resulting from this is that KUnit
* cannot reliably test anything that is initialize in the late_init phase;
* another is that KUnit is useless to test things that need to be run in
* an earlier init phase.
*
+ * An alternative is to build the tests as a module. Because modules
+ * do not support multiple late_initcall()s, we need to initialize an
+ * array of suites for a module.
+ *
* TODO(brendanhiggins@google.com): Don't run all KUnit tests as
* late_initcalls. I have some future work planned to dispatch all KUnit
* tests from the same place, and at the very least to do so after
* everything else is definitely initialized.
*/
-#define kunit_test_suite(suite) \
- static int kunit_suite_init##suite(void) \
- { \
- return kunit_run_tests(&suite); \
- } \
- late_initcall(kunit_suite_init##suite)
+#define kunit_test_suites(...) \
+ static struct kunit_suite *suites[] = { __VA_ARGS__, NULL}; \
+ static int kunit_test_suites_init(void) \
+ { \
+ unsigned int i; \
+ for (i = 0; suites[i] != NULL; i++) \
+ kunit_run_tests(suites[i]); \
+ return 0; \
+ } \
+ late_initcall(kunit_test_suites_init); \
+ static void __exit kunit_test_suites_exit(void) \
+ { \
+ return; \
+ } \
+ module_exit(kunit_test_suites_exit)

/*
* Like kunit_alloc_resource() below, but returns the struct kunit_resource
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl-test.c b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
index 2a63241..ccb7850 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl-test.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
@@ -389,4 +389,6 @@ static void sysctl_test_api_dointvec_write_single_greater_int_max(
.test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
};

-kunit_test_suite(sysctl_test_suite);
+kunit_test_suites(&sysctl_test_suite);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 6c1be61..4b25bef 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1951,7 +1951,7 @@ config TEST_SYSCTL
If unsure, say N.

config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
- bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
+ tristate "KUnit test for sysctl"
depends on KUNIT
help
This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot.
@@ -1962,7 +1962,7 @@ config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
If unsure, say N.

config LIST_KUNIT_TEST
- bool "KUnit Test for Kernel Linked-list structures"
+ tristate "KUnit Test for Kernel Linked-list structures"
depends on KUNIT
help
This builds the linked list KUnit test suite.
diff --git a/lib/kunit/Kconfig b/lib/kunit/Kconfig
index af37016..9ebd5e6 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/kunit/Kconfig
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ menuconfig KUNIT
if KUNIT

config KUNIT_TEST
- bool "KUnit test for KUnit"
+ tristate "KUnit test for KUnit"
help
Enables the unit tests for the KUnit test framework. These tests test
the KUnit test framework itself; the tests are both written using
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ config KUNIT_TEST
expected.

config KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST
- bool "Example test for KUnit"
+ tristate "Example test for KUnit"
help
Enables an example unit test that illustrates some of the basic
features of KUnit. This test only exists to help new users understand
diff --git a/lib/kunit/Makefile b/lib/kunit/Makefile
index 769d940..bc6e5e54 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/Makefile
+++ b/lib/kunit/Makefile
@@ -3,7 +3,11 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) += test.o \
assert.o \
try-catch.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) += test-test.o \
- string-stream-test.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) += kunit-test.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST) += example-test.o
+# string-stream-test compiles built-in only.
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST),y)
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) += string-stream-test.o
+endif
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST) += kunit-example-test.o
diff --git a/lib/kunit/assert.c b/lib/kunit/assert.c
index 9aca71c..b24bebc 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/assert.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/assert.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ void kunit_base_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
string_stream_add(stream, "%s FAILED at %s:%d\n",
expect_or_assert, assert->file, assert->line);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_base_assert_format);

void kunit_assert_print_msg(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -33,6 +34,7 @@ void kunit_assert_print_msg(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
if (assert->message.fmt)
string_stream_add(stream, "\n%pV", &assert->message);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_assert_print_msg);

void kunit_fail_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -40,6 +42,7 @@ void kunit_fail_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
kunit_base_assert_format(assert, stream);
string_stream_add(stream, "%pV", &assert->message);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_fail_assert_format);

void kunit_unary_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -58,6 +61,7 @@ void kunit_unary_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
unary_assert->condition);
kunit_assert_print_msg(assert, stream);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_unary_assert_format);

void kunit_ptr_not_err_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -78,6 +82,7 @@ void kunit_ptr_not_err_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
}
kunit_assert_print_msg(assert, stream);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_ptr_not_err_assert_format);

void kunit_binary_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -99,6 +104,7 @@ void kunit_binary_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
binary_assert->right_value);
kunit_assert_print_msg(assert, stream);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_binary_assert_format);

void kunit_binary_ptr_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -120,6 +126,7 @@ void kunit_binary_ptr_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
binary_assert->right_value);
kunit_assert_print_msg(assert, stream);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_binary_ptr_assert_format);

void kunit_binary_str_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
struct string_stream *stream)
@@ -141,3 +148,4 @@ void kunit_binary_str_assert_format(const struct kunit_assert *assert,
binary_assert->right_value);
kunit_assert_print_msg(assert, stream);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_binary_str_assert_format);
diff --git a/lib/kunit/example-test.c b/lib/kunit/kunit-example-test.c
similarity index 97%
rename from lib/kunit/example-test.c
rename to lib/kunit/kunit-example-test.c
index f64a829..be1164e 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/example-test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/kunit-example-test.c
@@ -85,4 +85,6 @@ static int example_test_init(struct kunit *test)
* This registers the above test suite telling KUnit that this is a suite of
* tests that need to be run.
*/
-kunit_test_suite(example_test_suite);
+kunit_test_suites(&example_test_suite);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/lib/kunit/test-test.c b/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
similarity index 98%
rename from lib/kunit/test-test.c
rename to lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
index 5a6cc04..ccb8d2e 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/test-test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
@@ -102,7 +102,6 @@ static int kunit_try_catch_test_init(struct kunit *test)
.init = kunit_try_catch_test_init,
.test_cases = kunit_try_catch_test_cases,
};
-kunit_test_suite(kunit_try_catch_test_suite);

/*
* Context for testing test managed resources
@@ -330,4 +329,6 @@ static void kunit_resource_test_exit(struct kunit *test)
.exit = kunit_resource_test_exit,
.test_cases = kunit_resource_test_cases,
};
-kunit_test_suite(kunit_resource_test_suite);
+kunit_test_suites(&kunit_try_catch_test_suite, &kunit_resource_test_suite);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c b/lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c
index 6c70dc8..110f3a9 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/string-stream-test.c
@@ -50,4 +50,4 @@ static void string_stream_test_get_string(struct kunit *test)
.name = "string-stream-test",
.test_cases = string_stream_test_cases
};
-kunit_test_suite(string_stream_test_suite);
+kunit_test_suites(&string_stream_test_suite);
diff --git a/lib/kunit/test.c b/lib/kunit/test.c
index 58a6227..87b5cf1 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/test.c
@@ -173,6 +173,7 @@ void kunit_do_assertion(struct kunit *test,
if (assert->type == KUNIT_ASSERTION)
kunit_abort(test);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_do_assertion);

void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name)
{
@@ -181,6 +182,7 @@ void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name)
test->name = name;
test->success = true;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_init_test);

/*
* Initializes and runs test case. Does not clean up or do post validations.
@@ -319,6 +321,7 @@ int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_suite *suite)

return 0;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_run_tests);

struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,
kunit_resource_init_t init,
@@ -344,6 +347,7 @@ struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,

return res;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_alloc_and_get_resource);

static void kunit_resource_free(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_resource *res)
{
@@ -402,6 +406,7 @@ int kunit_resource_destroy(struct kunit *test,
kunit_resource_free(test, resource);
return 0;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_resource_destroy);

struct kunit_kmalloc_params {
size_t size;
@@ -437,6 +442,7 @@ void *kunit_kmalloc(struct kunit *test, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
gfp,
&params);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_kmalloc);

void kunit_kfree(struct kunit *test, const void *ptr)
{
@@ -449,6 +455,7 @@ void kunit_kfree(struct kunit *test, const void *ptr)

WARN_ON(rc);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_kfree);

void kunit_cleanup(struct kunit *test)
{
@@ -478,3 +485,4 @@ void kunit_cleanup(struct kunit *test)
kunit_resource_free(test, resource);
}
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_cleanup);
diff --git a/lib/kunit/try-catch.c b/lib/kunit/try-catch.c
index 4a66d16..0247a28 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/try-catch.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/try-catch.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ void __noreturn kunit_try_catch_throw(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch)
try_catch->try_result = -EFAULT;
complete_and_exit(try_catch->try_completion, -EFAULT);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_try_catch_throw);

static int kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter(void *data)
{
@@ -107,3 +108,4 @@ void kunit_try_catch_run(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch, void *context)

try_catch->catch(try_catch->context);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_try_catch_run);
diff --git a/lib/list-test.c b/lib/list-test.c
index 363c600..76babb1 100644
--- a/lib/list-test.c
+++ b/lib/list-test.c
@@ -743,4 +743,6 @@ static void list_test_list_for_each_entry_reverse(struct kunit *test)
.test_cases = list_test_cases,
};

-kunit_test_suite(list_test_module);
+kunit_test_suites(&list_test_module);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
1.8.3.1
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