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SubjectRe: [PATCH] [EFI,PCI] Allow disabling PCI busmastering on bridges during boot
(+ Laszlo)

On Tue, 3 Dec 2019 at 00:43, Matthew Garrett <mjg59@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 4:40 PM Matthew Garrett
> <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > Add an option to disable the busmaster bit in the control register on
> > all PCI bridges before calling ExitBootServices() and passing control to
> > the runtime kernel. System firmware may configure the IOMMU to prevent
> > malicious PCI devices from being able to attack the OS via DMA. However,
> > since firmware can't guarantee that the OS is IOMMU-aware, it will tear
> > down IOMMU configuration when ExitBootServices() is called. This leaves
> > a window between where a hostile device could still cause damage before
> > Linux configures the IOMMU again.
>
> I don't know enough about ARM to know if this makes sense there as well. Anyone?

There is no reason this shouldn't apply to ARM, but disabling bus
mastering like that before the drivers themselves get a chance to do
so is likely to cause trouble. Network devices or storage controllers
that are still running and have live descriptor rings in DMA memory
shouldn't get the rug pulled from under their feet like that by
blindly disabling the BM attribute on all root ports before their
drivers have had the opportunity to do this cleanly.

One trick we implemented in EDK2 for memory encryption was to do the
following (Laszlo, mind correcting me here if I am remembering this
wrong?)
- create an event X
- register an AtExitBootServices event that signals event X in its handler
- in the handler of event X, iterate over all PPBs to clear the bus
master attribute
- for bonus points, do the same for the PCIe devices themselves,
because root ports are known to exist that entirely ignore the BM
attribute

This way, event X should get handled after all the drivers' EBS event
handlers have been called.

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