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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 3/4] arm64: use both ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32
On Wed, Sep 11, 2019 at 11:26 AM Nicolas Saenz Julienne
<> wrote:
> So far all arm64 devices have supported 32 bit DMA masks for their
> peripherals. This is not true anymore for the Raspberry Pi 4 as most of
> it's peripherals can only address the first GB of memory on a total of
> up to 4 GB.
> This goes against ZONE_DMA32's intent, as it's expected for ZONE_DMA32
> to be addressable with a 32 bit mask. So it was decided to re-introduce
> ZONE_DMA in arm64.
> ZONE_DMA will contain the lower 1G of memory, which is currently the
> memory area addressable by any peripheral on an arm64 device.
> ZONE_DMA32 will contain the rest of the 32 bit addressable memory.
> Signed-off-by: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <>
> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <>

Hey Nicolas,
Testing the db845c with linus/master, I found a regression causing
system hangs in early boot:

[ 0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0000000000 [0x517f803c]
[ 0.000000] Linux version 5.4.0-mainline-10675-g957a03b9e38f
(docker@a4ec90a1e72c) (gcc version 7.4.0 (Ubuntu/Linaro
7.4.0-1ubuntu1~18.04.1)) #1209 SMP PREEMPT Tue Dec 3 00:23:15 UTC 2019
[ 0.000000] Machine model: Thundercomm Dragonboard 845c
[ 0.000000] earlycon: qcom_geni0 at MMIO 0x0000000000a84000
(options '115200n8')
[ 0.000000] printk: bootconsole [qcom_geni0] enabled
[ 0.000000] efi: Getting EFI parameters from FDT:
[ 0.000000] efi: UEFI not found.
[ 0.000000] cma: Reserved 16 MiB at 0x00000000ff000000
[ 0.000000] psci: probing for conduit method from DT.
[ 0.000000] psci: PSCIv1.1 detected in firmware.
[ 0.000000] psci: Using standard PSCI v0.2 function IDs
[ 0.000000] psci: MIGRATE_INFO_TYPE not supported.
[ 0.000000] psci: SMC Calling Convention v1.0
[ 0.000000] psci: OSI mode supported.
[ 0.000000] percpu: Embedded 31 pages/cpu s87512 r8192 d31272 u126976
[ 0.000000] Detected VIPT I-cache on CPU0
[ 0.000000] CPU features: detected: GIC system register CPU interface
[ 0.000000] CPU features: kernel page table isolation forced ON by KASLR
[ 0.000000] CPU features: detected: Kernel page table isolation (KPTI)
[ 0.000000] ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1 missing from firmware
[ 0.000000] CPU features: detected: Hardware dirty bit management
[ 0.000000] Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on. Total pages: -188245
[ 0.000000] Kernel command line: earlycon
firmware_class.path=/vendor/firmware/ androidboot.hardware=db845c
init=/init androidboot.boot_devices=soc/1d84000.ufshc
printk.devkmsg=on buildvariant=userdebug root=/dev/sda2
androidboot.bootdevice=1d84000.ufshc androidboot.serialno=c4e1189c
androidboot.slot_suffix=_a skip_initramfs rootwait ro init=/init

<hangs indefinitely here>

I bisected the issue down to this patch (1a8e1cef7603 upstream - the
previous patch a573cdd7973d works though I need to apply the
arm64_dma_phys_limit bit from this one as the previous patch doesn't
build on its own).

In the above log:
[ 0.000000] Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on. Total pages: -188245
looks the most suspect, and going back to the working a573cdd7973d +
build fix I see:
[ 0.000000] Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on. Total pages: 957419

Do you have any suggestions for what might be going wrong?


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