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SubjectRe: kexec_file overwrites reserved EFI ESRT memory
On Mon, 2 Dec 2019 at 09:05, Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Add more cc
> On 12/02/19 at 04:58pm, Dave Young wrote:
> > On 11/29/19 at 04:27pm, Michael Weiser wrote:
> > > Hello Dave,
> > >
> > > On Mon, Nov 25, 2019 at 01:52:01PM +0800, Dave Young wrote:
> > >
> > > > > > Fundamentally when deciding where to place a new kernel kexec (either
> > > > > > user space or the in kernel kexec_file implementation) needs to be able
> > > > > > to ask the question which memory ares are reserved.
> > > [...]
> > > > > > So my question is why doesn't the ESRT reservation wind up in
> > > > > > /proc/iomem?
> > > > >
> > > > > My guess is that the focus was that some EFI structures need to be kept
> > > > > around accross the life cycle of *one* running kernel and
> > > > > memblock_reserve() was enough for that. Marking them so they survive
> > > > > kexecing another kernel might just never have cropped up thus far. Ard
> > > > > or Matt would know.
> > > > Can you check your un-reserved memory, if your memory falls into EFI
> > > > BOOT* then in X86 you can use something like below if it is not covered:
> > >
> > > > void __init efi_esrt_init(void)
> > > > {
> > > > ...
> > > > pr_info("Reserving ESRT space from %pa to %pa.\n", &esrt_data, &end);
> > > > if (md.type == EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA)
> > > > efi_mem_reserve(esrt_data, esrt_data_size);
> > > > ...
> > > > }
> > >
> > > Please bear with me if I'm a bit slow on the uptake here: On my machine,
> > > the esrt module reports at boot:
> > >
> > > [ 0.001244] esrt: Reserving ESRT space from 0x0000000074dd2f98 to 0x0000000074dd2fd0.
> > >
> > > This area is of type "Boot Data" (== BOOT_SERVICES_DATA) which makes the
> > > code you quote reserve it using memblock_reserve() shown by
> > > memblock=debug:
> > >
> > > [ 0.001246] memblock_reserve: [0x0000000074dd2f98-0x0000000074dd2fcf] efi_mem_reserve+0x1d/0x2b
> > >
> > > It also calls into arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c:efi_arch_mem_reserve()
> > > which tags it as EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME while the surrounding ones aren't
> > > as shown by efi=debug:
> > >
> > > [ 0.178111] efi: mem10: [Boot Data | | | | | | | | | |WB|WT|WC|UC] range=[0x0000000074dd3000-0x0000000075becfff] (14MB)
> > > [ 0.178113] efi: mem11: [Boot Data |RUN| | | | | | | | |WB|WT|WC|UC] range=[0x0000000074dd2000-0x0000000074dd2fff] (0MB)
> > > [ 0.178114] efi: mem12: [Boot Data | | | | | | | | | |WB|WT|WC|UC] range=[0x000000006d635000-0x0000000074dd1fff] (119MB)
> > >
> > > This prevents arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c:efi_free_boot_services()
> > > from calling __memblock_free_late() on it. And indeed, memblock=debug does
> > > not report this area as being free'd while the surrounding ones are:
> > >
> > > [ 0.178369] __memblock_free_late: [0x0000000074dd3000-0x0000000075becfff] efi_free_boot_services+0x126/0x1f8
> > > [ 0.178658] __memblock_free_late: [0x000000006d635000-0x0000000074dd1fff] efi_free_boot_services+0x126/0x1f8
> > >
> > > The esrt area does not show up in /proc/iomem though:
> > >
> > > 00100000-763f5fff : System RAM
> > > 62000000-62a00d80 : Kernel code
> > > 62c00000-62f15fff : Kernel rodata
> > > 63000000-630ea8bf : Kernel data
> > > 63fed000-641fffff : Kernel bss
> > > 65000000-6affffff : Crash kernel
> > >
> > > And thus kexec loads the new kernel right over that area as shown when
> > > enabling -DDEBUG on kexec_file.c (0x74dd3000 being inbetween 0x73000000
> > > and 0x73000000+0x24be000 = 0x754be000):
> > >
> > > [ 650.007695] kexec_file: Loading segment 0: buf=0x000000003a9c84d6 bufsz=0x5000 mem=0x98000 memsz=0x6000
> > > [ 650.007699] kexec_file: Loading segment 1: buf=0x0000000017b2b9e6 bufsz=0x1240 mem=0x96000 memsz=0x2000
> > > [ 650.007703] kexec_file: Loading segment 2: buf=0x00000000fdf72ba2 bufsz=0x1150888 mem=0x73000000 memsz=0x24be000
> > >
> > > ... because it looks for any memory hole large enough in iomem resources
> > > tagged as System RAM, which 0x74dd2000-0x74dd2fff would then need to be
> > > excluded from on my system.
> > >
> > > Looking some more at efi_arch_mem_reserve() I see that it also registers
> > > the area with efi.memmap and installs it using efi_memmap_install().
> > > which seems to call memremap(MEMREMAP_WB) on it. From my understanding
> > > of the comments in the source of memremap(), MEMREMAP_WB does specifically
> > > *not* reserve that memory in any way.
> > >
> > > > Unfortunately I noticed there are different requirements/ways for
> > > > different types of "reserved" memory. But that is another topic..
> > >
> > > I tried to reserve the area with something like this:
> > >
> > > t a/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > > index 4de244683a7e..b86a5df027a2 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > > @@ -249,6 +249,7 @@ void __init efi_arch_mem_reserve(phys_addr_t addr, u64 size)
> > > efi_memory_desc_t md;
> > > int num_entries;
> > > void *new;
> > > + struct resource *res;
> > >
> > > if (efi_mem_desc_lookup(addr, &md) ||
> > > md.type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA) {
> > > @@ -294,6 +295,21 @@ void __init efi_arch_mem_reserve(phys_addr_t addr, u64 size)
> > > early_memunmap(new, new_size);
> > >
> > > efi_memmap_install(new_phys, num_entries);
> > > +
> > > + res = memblock_alloc(sizeof(*res), SMP_CACHE_BYTES);
> > > + if (!res) {
> > > + pr_err("Failed to allocate EFI io resource allocator for "
> > > + "0x%llx:0x%llx", mr.range.start, mr.range.end);
> > > + return;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + res->start = mr.range.start;
> > > + res->end = mr.range.end;
> > > + res->name = "EFI runtime";
> > > + res->flags = IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_BUSY;
> > > + res->desc = IORES_DESC_NONE;
> > > +
> > > + insert_resource(&iomem_resource, res);
> > > }
> > >
> > > /*
> > >
> > > ... but failed miserably in terms of the kernel not booting because I
> > > have no experience whatsoever in programming and debugging early kernel
> > > init. But I am somewhat keen to ride the learning curve here. :)
> > >
> > > Am I on the right track or were you a couple of leaps ahead of me
> > > already and I just didn't get the question?
> >
> > It seems a serious problem, the EFI modified memmap does not get an
> > /proc/iomem resource update, but kexec_file relies on /proc/iomem in
> > X86.
> >
> > Can you try below diff see if it works for you? (not tested, and need
> > explicitly 'add_efi_memmap' in kernel cmdline param)
> >
> > There is an question from Sai about why add_efi_memmap is not enabled by
> > default:
> > https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-mm/msg185166.html
> >
> > Long time ago the add_efi_memmap is only enabled in case we explict
> > enable it on cmdline, I'm not sure if we can do it by default, maybe we
> > should. Need opinion from X86 maintainers..
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
> > index 43a82e59c59d..eddaac6131cf 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
> > @@ -243,6 +243,7 @@ static inline bool efi_is_64bit(void)
> >
> > extern bool efi_reboot_required(void);
> > extern bool efi_is_table_address(unsigned long phys_addr);
> > +extern void do_add_efi_memmap(void);
> >
> > #else
> > static inline void parse_efi_setup(u64 phys_addr, u32 data_len) {}
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > index 425e025341db..39e28ec76522 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > @@ -149,10 +149,12 @@ void __init efi_find_mirror(void)
> > * (zeropage) memory map.
> > */
> >
> > -static void __init do_add_efi_memmap(void)
> > +void __init do_add_efi_memmap(void)
> > {
> > efi_memory_desc_t *md;
> >
> > + if (!add_efi_memmap)
> > + return;
> > for_each_efi_memory_desc(md) {
> > unsigned long long start = md->phys_addr;
> > unsigned long long size = md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT;
> > @@ -224,8 +226,7 @@ int __init efi_memblock_x86_reserve_range(void)
> > if (rv)
> > return rv;
> >
> > - if (add_efi_memmap)
> > - do_add_efi_memmap();
> > + do_add_efi_memmap();
> >
> > WARN(efi.memmap.desc_version != 1,
> > "Unexpected EFI_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR version %ld",
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > index 3b9fd679cea9..cfda591e51e3 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c
> > @@ -496,6 +496,7 @@ void __init efi_free_boot_services(void)
> > pr_err("Could not install new EFI memmap\n");
> > return;
> > }
> > + do_add_efi_memmap();
> > }
> >
> > /*
>

We are seeing related issues on ARM where memory referenced by UEFI
configuration tables is clobbered by the kexec tools.

Given that these tables may be located in EFI boot services data
regions, which the kernel itself knows not to touch during early boot,
I think the solution here is to teach the kexec userland tools to
avoid such regions when placing the kernel, initrd and other bits
(such as the DT on ARM) in memory.

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