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Subject[PATCH v2 16/27] nvdimm/ocxl: Implement the Read Error Log command
Date
From: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>

The read error log command extracts information from the controller's
internal error log.

This patch exposes this information in 2 ways:
- During probe, if an error occurs & a log is available, print it to the
console
- After probe, make the error log available to userspace via an IOCTL.
Userspace is notified of pending error logs in a later patch
("nvdimm/ocxl: Forward events to userspace")

Signed-off-by: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>
---
drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm.c | 270 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm_internal.h | 1 +
include/uapi/nvdimm/ocxl-scm.h | 46 +++++
3 files changed, 317 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/uapi/nvdimm/ocxl-scm.h

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm.c b/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm.c
index c313a473a28e..0bbe1a14291e 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm.c
@@ -495,10 +495,220 @@ static int scm_file_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * scm_error_log_header_parse() - Parse the first 64 bits of the error log command response
+ * @scm_data: the SCM metadata
+ * @length: out, returns the number of bytes in the response (excluding the 64 bit header)
+ */
+static int scm_error_log_header_parse(struct scm_data *scm_data, u16 *length)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+
+ u16 data_identifier;
+ u32 data_length;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset,
+ OCXL_LITTLE_ENDIAN, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ data_identifier = val >> 48;
+ data_length = val & 0xFFFF;
+
+ if (data_identifier != 0x454C) {
+ dev_err(&scm_data->dev,
+ "Bad data identifier for error log data, expected 'EL', got '%2s' (%#x), data_length=%u\n",
+ (char *)&data_identifier,
+ (unsigned int)data_identifier, data_length);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ *length = data_length;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int scm_error_log_offset_0x08(struct scm_data *scm_data,
+ u32 *log_identifier, u32 *program_ref_code)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x08,
+ OCXL_LITTLE_ENDIAN, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ *log_identifier = val >> 32;
+ *program_ref_code = val & 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int scm_read_error_log(struct scm_data *scm_data,
+ struct scm_ioctl_error_log *log, bool buf_is_user)
+{
+ u64 val;
+ u16 user_buf_length;
+ u16 buf_length;
+ u16 i;
+ int rc;
+
+ if (log->buf_size % 8)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ rc = scm_chi(scm_data, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!(val & GLOBAL_MMIO_CHI_ELA))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ user_buf_length = log->buf_size;
+
+ mutex_lock(&scm_data->admin_command.lock);
+
+ rc = scm_admin_command_request(scm_data, ADMIN_COMMAND_ERRLOG);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = scm_admin_command_execute(scm_data);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = scm_admin_command_complete_timeout(scm_data, ADMIN_COMMAND_ERRLOG);
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ dev_warn(&scm_data->dev, "Read error log timed out\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ rc = scm_admin_response(scm_data);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ goto out;
+ if (rc != STATUS_SUCCESS) {
+ scm_warn_status(scm_data, "Unexpected status from retrieve error log", rc);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+
+ rc = scm_error_log_header_parse(scm_data, &log->buf_size);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+ // log->buf_size now contains the scm buffer size, not the user size
+
+ rc = scm_error_log_offset_0x08(scm_data, &log->log_identifier,
+ &log->program_reference_code);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x10,
+ OCXL_LITTLE_ENDIAN, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ log->error_log_type = val >> 56;
+ log->action_flags = (log->error_log_type == SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_GENERAL) ?
+ (val >> 32) & 0xFFFFFF : 0;
+ log->power_on_seconds = val & 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x18,
+ OCXL_LITTLE_ENDIAN, &log->timestamp);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x20,
+ OCXL_HOST_ENDIAN, &log->wwid[0]);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x28,
+ OCXL_HOST_ENDIAN, &log->wwid[1]);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + 0x30,
+ OCXL_HOST_ENDIAN, (u64 *)log->fw_revision);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+ log->fw_revision[8] = '\0';
+
+ buf_length = (user_buf_length < log->buf_size) ?
+ user_buf_length : log->buf_size;
+ for (i = 0; i < buf_length + 0x48; i += 8) {
+ u64 val;
+
+ rc = ocxl_global_mmio_read64(scm_data->ocxl_afu,
+ scm_data->admin_command.data_offset + i,
+ OCXL_HOST_ENDIAN, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (buf_is_user) {
+ if (copy_to_user(&log->buf[i], &val, sizeof(u64))) {
+ rc = -EFAULT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ } else
+ log->buf[i] = val;
+ }
+
+ rc = scm_admin_response_handled(scm_data);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out;
+
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&scm_data->admin_command.lock);
+ return rc;
+
+}
+
+static int scm_ioctl_error_log(struct scm_data *scm_data,
+ struct scm_ioctl_error_log __user *uarg)
+{
+ struct scm_ioctl_error_log args;
+ int rc;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&args, uarg, sizeof(args)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ rc = scm_read_error_log(scm_data, &args, true);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if (copy_to_user(uarg, &args, sizeof(args)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long scm_file_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long args)
+{
+ struct scm_data *scm_data = file->private_data;
+ int rc = -EINVAL;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SCM_IOCTL_ERROR_LOG:
+ rc = scm_ioctl_error_log(scm_data,
+ (struct scm_ioctl_error_log __user *)args);
+ break;
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+
static const struct file_operations scm_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.open = scm_file_open,
.release = scm_file_release,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = scm_file_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = scm_file_ioctl,
};

/**
@@ -575,6 +785,60 @@ static int read_device_metadata(struct scm_data *scm_data)
return 0;
}

+static const char *scm_decode_error_log_type(u8 error_log_type)
+{
+ switch (error_log_type) {
+ case 0x00:
+ return "general";
+ case 0x01:
+ return "predictive failure";
+ case 0x02:
+ return "thermal warning";
+ case 0x03:
+ return "data loss";
+ case 0x04:
+ return "health & performance";
+ default:
+ return "unknown";
+ }
+}
+
+static void scm_dump_error_log(struct scm_data *scm_data)
+{
+ struct scm_ioctl_error_log log;
+ u32 buf_size;
+ u8 *buf;
+ int rc;
+
+ if (scm_data->admin_command.data_size == 0)
+ return;
+
+ buf_size = scm_data->admin_command.data_size - 0x48;
+ buf = kzalloc(buf_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ return;
+
+ log.buf = buf;
+ log.buf_size = buf_size;
+
+ rc = scm_read_error_log(scm_data, &log, false);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ dev_warn(&scm_data->dev,
+ "SCM Error log: WWID=0x%016llx%016llx LID=0x%x PRC=%x type=0x%x %s, Uptime=%u seconds timestamp=0x%llx\n",
+ log.wwid[0], log.wwid[1],
+ log.log_identifier, log.program_reference_code,
+ log.error_log_type,
+ scm_decode_error_log_type(log.error_log_type),
+ log.power_on_seconds, log.timestamp);
+ print_hex_dump(KERN_WARNING, "buf", DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, 16, 1, buf,
+ log.buf_size, false);
+
+out:
+ kfree(buf);
+}
+
/**
* scm_probe_function_0 - Set up function 0 for an OpenCAPI Storage Class Memory device
* This is important as it enables templates higher than 0 across all other functions,
@@ -617,6 +881,7 @@ static int scm_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *ent)
struct scm_data *scm_data = NULL;
int elapsed;
u16 timeout;
+ u64 chi;

if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) == 0)
return scm_probe_function_0(pdev);
@@ -707,6 +972,11 @@ static int scm_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *ent)
return 0;

err:
+ if (scm_data &&
+ (scm_chi(scm_data, &chi) == 0) &&
+ (chi & GLOBAL_MMIO_CHI_ELA))
+ scm_dump_error_log(scm_data);
+
/*
* Further cleanup is done in the release handler via free_scm()
* This allows us to keep the character device live to handle IOCTLs to
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm_internal.h b/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm_internal.h
index 57491dbee1a4..9bf8fcf30ea6 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm_internal.h
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/ocxl/scm_internal.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <misc/ocxl.h>
#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/ocxl-scm.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>

#define SCM_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT 100
diff --git a/include/uapi/nvdimm/ocxl-scm.h b/include/uapi/nvdimm/ocxl-scm.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b34dd1ba06ff
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/nvdimm/ocxl-scm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/* Copyright 2017 IBM Corp. */
+#ifndef _UAPI_OCXL_SCM_H
+#define _UAPI_OCXL_SCM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_ACTION_RESET (1 << (32-32))
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_ACTION_CHKFW (1 << (53-32))
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_ACTION_REPLACE (1 << (54-32))
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_ACTION_DUMP (1 << (55-32))
+
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_GENERAL (0x00)
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_PREDICTIVE_FAILURE (0x01)
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_THERMAL_WARNING (0x02)
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_DATA_LOSS (0x03)
+#define SCM_ERROR_LOG_TYPE_HEALTH_PERFORMANCE (0x04)
+
+struct scm_ioctl_error_log {
+ __u32 log_identifier; // out
+ __u32 program_reference_code; // out
+ __u32 action_flags; //out, recommended course of action
+ __u32 power_on_seconds; // out, Number of seconds the controller has been on when the error occurred
+ __u64 timestamp; // out, relative time since the current IPL
+ __u64 wwid[2]; // out, the NAA formatted WWID associated with the controller
+ char fw_revision[8+1]; // out, firmware revision as null terminated text
+ __u16 buf_size; /* in/out, buffer size provided/required.
+ * If required is greater than provided, the buffer
+ * will be truncated to the amount provided. If its
+ * less, then only the required bytes will be populated.
+ * If it is 0, then there are no more error log entries.
+ */
+ __u8 error_log_type;
+ __u8 reserved1;
+ __u32 reserved2;
+ __u64 reserved3[2];
+ __u8 *buf; // pointer to output buffer
+};
+
+/* ioctl numbers */
+#define SCM_MAGIC 0x5C
+/* SCM devices */
+#define SCM_IOCTL_ERROR_LOG _IOWR(SCM_MAGIC, 0x01, struct scm_ioctl_error_log)
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_OCXL_SCM_H */
--
2.23.0
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