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Subject[PATCH] of: Rework and simplify phandle cache to use a fixed size
Date
The phandle cache was added to speed up of_find_node_by_phandle() by
avoiding walking the whole DT to find a matching phandle. The
implementation has several shortcomings:

- The cache is designed to work on a linear set of phandle values.
This is true for dtc generated DTs, but not for other cases such as
Power.
- The cache isn't enabled until of_core_init() and a typical system
may see hundreds of calls to of_find_node_by_phandle() before that
point.
- The cache is freed and re-allocated when the number of phandles
changes.
- It takes a raw spinlock around a memory allocation which breaks on
RT.

Change the implementation to a fixed size and use hash_32() as the
cache index. This greatly simplifies the implementation. It avoids
the need for any re-alloc of the cache and taking a reference on nodes
in the cache. We only have a single source of removing cache entries
which is of_detach_node().

Using hash_32() removes any assumption on phandle values improving
the hit rate for non-linear phandle values. The effect on linear values
using hash_32() is about a 10% collision. The chances of thrashing on
colliding values seems to be low.

To compare performance, I used a RK3399 board which is a pretty typical
system. I found that just measuring boot time as done previously is
noisy and may be impacted by other things. Also bringing up secondary
cores causes some issues with measuring, so I booted with 'nr_cpus=1'.
With no caching, calls to of_find_node_by_phandle() take about 20124 us
for 1248 calls. There's an additional 288 calls before time keeping is
up. Using the average time per hit/miss with the cache, we can calculate
these calls to take 690 us (277 hit / 11 miss) with a 128 entry cache
and 13319 us with no cache or an uninitialized cache.

Comparing the 3 implementations the time spent in
of_find_node_by_phandle() is:

no cache: 20124 us (+ 13319 us)
128 entry cache: 5134 us (+ 690 us)
current cache: 819 us (+ 13319 us)

We could move the allocation of the cache earlier to improve the
current cache, but that just further complicates the situation as it
needs to be after slab is up, so we can't do it when unflattening (which
uses memblock).

Reported-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Segher Boessenkool <segher@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
---
drivers/of/base.c | 133 ++++++++--------------------------------
drivers/of/dynamic.c | 2 +-
drivers/of/of_private.h | 4 +-
drivers/of/overlay.c | 10 ---
4 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 121 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/of/base.c b/drivers/of/base.c
index db7fbc0c0893..f7da162f126d 100644
--- a/drivers/of/base.c
+++ b/drivers/of/base.c
@@ -135,115 +135,38 @@ int __weak of_node_to_nid(struct device_node *np)
}
#endif

-/*
- * Assumptions behind phandle_cache implementation:
- * - phandle property values are in a contiguous range of 1..n
- *
- * If the assumptions do not hold, then
- * - the phandle lookup overhead reduction provided by the cache
- * will likely be less
- */
+#define OF_PHANDLE_CACHE_BITS 7
+#define OF_PHANDLE_CACHE_SZ BIT(OF_PHANDLE_CACHE_BITS)

-static struct device_node **phandle_cache;
-static u32 phandle_cache_mask;
+static struct device_node *phandle_cache[OF_PHANDLE_CACHE_SZ];

-/*
- * Caller must hold devtree_lock.
- */
-static void __of_free_phandle_cache(void)
+static u32 of_phandle_cache_hash(phandle handle)
{
- u32 cache_entries = phandle_cache_mask + 1;
- u32 k;
-
- if (!phandle_cache)
- return;
-
- for (k = 0; k < cache_entries; k++)
- of_node_put(phandle_cache[k]);
-
- kfree(phandle_cache);
- phandle_cache = NULL;
+ return hash_32(handle, OF_PHANDLE_CACHE_BITS);
}

-int of_free_phandle_cache(void)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&devtree_lock, flags);
-
- __of_free_phandle_cache();
-
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devtree_lock, flags);
-
- return 0;
-}
-#if !defined(CONFIG_MODULES)
-late_initcall_sync(of_free_phandle_cache);
-#endif
-
/*
* Caller must hold devtree_lock.
*/
-void __of_free_phandle_cache_entry(phandle handle)
+void __of_phandle_cache_inv_entry(phandle handle)
{
- phandle masked_handle;
+ u32 handle_hash;
struct device_node *np;

if (!handle)
return;

- masked_handle = handle & phandle_cache_mask;
+ handle_hash = of_phandle_cache_hash(handle);

- if (phandle_cache) {
- np = phandle_cache[masked_handle];
- if (np && handle == np->phandle) {
- of_node_put(np);
- phandle_cache[masked_handle] = NULL;
- }
- }
-}
-
-void of_populate_phandle_cache(void)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
- u32 cache_entries;
- struct device_node *np;
- u32 phandles = 0;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&devtree_lock, flags);
-
- __of_free_phandle_cache();
-
- for_each_of_allnodes(np)
- if (np->phandle && np->phandle != OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL)
- phandles++;
-
- if (!phandles)
- goto out;
-
- cache_entries = roundup_pow_of_two(phandles);
- phandle_cache_mask = cache_entries - 1;
-
- phandle_cache = kcalloc(cache_entries, sizeof(*phandle_cache),
- GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (!phandle_cache)
- goto out;
-
- for_each_of_allnodes(np)
- if (np->phandle && np->phandle != OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL) {
- of_node_get(np);
- phandle_cache[np->phandle & phandle_cache_mask] = np;
- }
-
-out:
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devtree_lock, flags);
+ np = phandle_cache[handle_hash];
+ if (np && handle == np->phandle)
+ phandle_cache[handle_hash] = NULL;
}

void __init of_core_init(void)
{
struct device_node *np;

- of_populate_phandle_cache();

/* Create the kset, and register existing nodes */
mutex_lock(&of_mutex);
@@ -253,8 +176,11 @@ void __init of_core_init(void)
pr_err("failed to register existing nodes\n");
return;
}
- for_each_of_allnodes(np)
+ for_each_of_allnodes(np) {
__of_attach_node_sysfs(np);
+ if (np->phandle && !phandle_cache[of_phandle_cache_hash(np->phandle)])
+ phandle_cache[of_phandle_cache_hash(np->phandle)] = np;
+ }
mutex_unlock(&of_mutex);

/* Symlink in /proc as required by userspace ABI */
@@ -1235,36 +1161,29 @@ struct device_node *of_find_node_by_phandle(phandle handle)
{
struct device_node *np = NULL;
unsigned long flags;
- phandle masked_handle;
+ u32 handle_hash;

if (!handle)
return NULL;

+ handle_hash = of_phandle_cache_hash(handle);
+
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&devtree_lock, flags);

- masked_handle = handle & phandle_cache_mask;
-
- if (phandle_cache) {
- if (phandle_cache[masked_handle] &&
- handle == phandle_cache[masked_handle]->phandle)
- np = phandle_cache[masked_handle];
- if (np && of_node_check_flag(np, OF_DETACHED)) {
- WARN_ON(1); /* did not uncache np on node removal */
- of_node_put(np);
- phandle_cache[masked_handle] = NULL;
- np = NULL;
- }
+ if (phandle_cache[handle_hash] &&
+ handle == phandle_cache[handle_hash]->phandle)
+ np = phandle_cache[handle_hash];
+ if (np && of_node_check_flag(np, OF_DETACHED)) {
+ WARN_ON(1); /* did not uncache np on node removal */
+ phandle_cache[handle_hash] = NULL;
+ np = NULL;
}

if (!np) {
for_each_of_allnodes(np)
if (np->phandle == handle &&
!of_node_check_flag(np, OF_DETACHED)) {
- if (phandle_cache) {
- /* will put when removed from cache */
- of_node_get(np);
- phandle_cache[masked_handle] = np;
- }
+ phandle_cache[handle_hash] = np;
break;
}
}
diff --git a/drivers/of/dynamic.c b/drivers/of/dynamic.c
index 49b16f76d78e..08fd823edac9 100644
--- a/drivers/of/dynamic.c
+++ b/drivers/of/dynamic.c
@@ -276,7 +276,7 @@ void __of_detach_node(struct device_node *np)
of_node_set_flag(np, OF_DETACHED);

/* race with of_find_node_by_phandle() prevented by devtree_lock */
- __of_free_phandle_cache_entry(np->phandle);
+ __of_phandle_cache_inv_entry(np->phandle);
}

/**
diff --git a/drivers/of/of_private.h b/drivers/of/of_private.h
index 66294d29942a..582844c158ae 100644
--- a/drivers/of/of_private.h
+++ b/drivers/of/of_private.h
@@ -85,14 +85,12 @@ int of_resolve_phandles(struct device_node *tree);
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_OF_DYNAMIC)
-void __of_free_phandle_cache_entry(phandle handle);
+void __of_phandle_cache_inv_entry(phandle handle);
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_OF_OVERLAY)
void of_overlay_mutex_lock(void);
void of_overlay_mutex_unlock(void);
-int of_free_phandle_cache(void);
-void of_populate_phandle_cache(void);
#else
static inline void of_overlay_mutex_lock(void) {};
static inline void of_overlay_mutex_unlock(void) {};
diff --git a/drivers/of/overlay.c b/drivers/of/overlay.c
index 9617b7df7c4d..97fe92c1f1d2 100644
--- a/drivers/of/overlay.c
+++ b/drivers/of/overlay.c
@@ -974,8 +974,6 @@ static int of_overlay_apply(const void *fdt, struct device_node *tree,
goto err_free_overlay_changeset;
}

- of_populate_phandle_cache();
-
ret = __of_changeset_apply_notify(&ovcs->cset);
if (ret)
pr_err("overlay apply changeset entry notify error %d\n", ret);
@@ -1218,17 +1216,9 @@ int of_overlay_remove(int *ovcs_id)

list_del(&ovcs->ovcs_list);

- /*
- * Disable phandle cache. Avoids race condition that would arise
- * from removing cache entry when the associated node is deleted.
- */
- of_free_phandle_cache();
-
ret_apply = 0;
ret = __of_changeset_revert_entries(&ovcs->cset, &ret_apply);

- of_populate_phandle_cache();
-
if (ret) {
if (ret_apply)
devicetree_state_flags |= DTSF_REVERT_FAIL;
--
2.20.1
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