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Subject[PATCH 4.4 71/75] ARM: spectre-v2: per-CPU vtables to work around big.Little systems
Date
From: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>

Commit 383fb3ee8024d596f488d2dbaf45e572897acbdb upstream.

In big.Little systems, some CPUs require the Spectre workarounds in
paths such as the context switch, but other CPUs do not. In order
to handle these differences, we need per-CPU vtables.

We are unable to use the kernel's per-CPU variables to support this
as per-CPU is not initialised at times when we need access to the
vtables, so we have to use an array indexed by logical CPU number.

We use an array-of-pointers to avoid having function pointers in
the kernel's read/write .data section.

Note: Added include of linux/slab.h in arch/arm/smp.c.

Reviewed-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: David A. Long <dave.long@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/kernel/setup.c | 5 +++++
arch/arm/kernel/smp.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c | 17 ++---------------
4 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
@@ -104,12 +104,35 @@ extern void cpu_do_resume(void *);
#else

extern struct processor processor;
+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+/*
+ * This can't be a per-cpu variable because we need to access it before
+ * per-cpu has been initialised. We have a couple of functions that are
+ * called in a pre-emptible context, and so can't use smp_processor_id()
+ * there, hence PROC_TABLE(). We insist in init_proc_vtable() that the
+ * function pointers for these are identical across all CPUs.
+ */
+extern struct processor *cpu_vtable[];
+#define PROC_VTABLE(f) cpu_vtable[smp_processor_id()]->f
+#define PROC_TABLE(f) cpu_vtable[0]->f
+static inline void init_proc_vtable(const struct processor *p)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ *cpu_vtable[cpu] = *p;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_vtable[cpu]->dcache_clean_area !=
+ cpu_vtable[0]->dcache_clean_area);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_vtable[cpu]->set_pte_ext !=
+ cpu_vtable[0]->set_pte_ext);
+}
+#else
#define PROC_VTABLE(f) processor.f
#define PROC_TABLE(f) processor.f
static inline void init_proc_vtable(const struct processor *p)
{
processor = *p;
}
+#endif

#define cpu_proc_init PROC_VTABLE(_proc_init)
#define cpu_check_bugs PROC_VTABLE(check_bugs)
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
@@ -113,6 +113,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(elf_hwcap2);

#ifdef MULTI_CPU
struct processor processor __read_mostly;
+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+struct processor *cpu_vtable[NR_CPUS] = {
+ [0] = &processor,
+};
+#endif
#endif
#ifdef MULTI_TLB
struct cpu_tlb_fns cpu_tlb __read_mostly;
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/irq_work.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>
@@ -40,6 +41,7 @@
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/procinfo.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -96,6 +98,30 @@ static unsigned long get_arch_pgd(pgd_t
#endif
}

+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+static int secondary_biglittle_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ if (!cpu_vtable[cpu])
+ cpu_vtable[cpu] = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpu_vtable[cpu]), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ return cpu_vtable[cpu] ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static void secondary_biglittle_init(void)
+{
+ init_proc_vtable(lookup_processor(read_cpuid_id())->proc);
+}
+#else
+static int secondary_biglittle_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void secondary_biglittle_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
{
int ret;
@@ -103,6 +129,10 @@ int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct ta
if (!smp_ops.smp_boot_secondary)
return -ENOSYS;

+ ret = secondary_biglittle_prepare(cpu);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
/*
* We need to tell the secondary core where to find
* its stack and the page tables.
@@ -354,6 +384,8 @@ asmlinkage void secondary_start_kernel(v
struct mm_struct *mm = &init_mm;
unsigned int cpu;

+ secondary_biglittle_init();
+
/*
* The identity mapping is uncached (strongly ordered), so
* switch away from it before attempting any exclusive accesses.
--- a/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c
@@ -52,8 +52,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A17:
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A73:
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A75:
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_bpiall_switch_mm)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
harden_branch_predictor_bpiall;
spectre_v2_method = "BPIALL";
@@ -61,8 +59,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)

case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A15:
case ARM_CPU_PART_BRAHMA_B15:
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_iciallu_switch_mm)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
harden_branch_predictor_iciallu;
spectre_v2_method = "ICIALLU";
@@ -88,11 +84,9 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
if ((int)res.a0 != 0)
break;
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm && cpu)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
call_hvc_arch_workaround_1;
- processor.switch_mm = cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm;
+ cpu_do_switch_mm = cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm;
spectre_v2_method = "hypervisor";
break;

@@ -101,11 +95,9 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
if ((int)res.a0 != 0)
break;
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm && cpu)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
call_smc_arch_workaround_1;
- processor.switch_mm = cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm;
+ cpu_do_switch_mm = cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm;
spectre_v2_method = "firmware";
break;

@@ -119,11 +111,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
if (spectre_v2_method)
pr_info("CPU%u: Spectre v2: using %s workaround\n",
smp_processor_id(), spectre_v2_method);
- return;
-
-bl_error:
- pr_err("CPU%u: Spectre v2: incorrect context switching function, system vulnerable\n",
- cpu);
}
#else
static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)

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