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Subject[PATCH 01/13] compiler.h: Split {READ,WRITE}_ONCE definitions out into rwonce.h
Date
In preparation for allowing architectures to define their own
implementation of the 'READ_ONCE()' macro, move the generic
'{READ,WRITE}_ONCE()' definitions out of the unwieldy 'linux/compiler.h'
and into a new 'rwonce.h' header under 'asm-generic'.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---
include/asm-generic/Kbuild | 1 +
include/asm-generic/rwonce.h | 110 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/compiler.h | 114 +---------------------------
include/linux/compiler_attributes.h | 12 +++
4 files changed, 125 insertions(+), 112 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/asm-generic/rwonce.h

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/Kbuild b/include/asm-generic/Kbuild
index adff14fcb8e4..2a7a1e94d4cb 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/Kbuild
+++ b/include/asm-generic/Kbuild
@@ -4,4 +4,5 @@
# (This file is not included when SRCARCH=um since UML borrows several
# asm headers from the host architecutre.)

+mandatory-y += rwonce.h
mandatory-y += simd.h
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/rwonce.h b/include/asm-generic/rwonce.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d189455ae038
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/rwonce.h
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The
+ * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of
+ * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some
+ * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to
+ * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C
+ * statements.
+ *
+ * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or
+ * unions. If the size of the accessed data type exceeds the word size of
+ * the machine (e.g., 32 bits or 64 bits) READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() will
+ * fall back to memcpy(). There's at least two memcpy()s: one for the
+ * __builtin_memcpy() and then one for the macro doing the copy of variable
+ * - '__u' allocated on the stack.
+ *
+ * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between
+ * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU,
+ * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise
+ * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact
+ * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the
+ * required ordering.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H
+#define __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#include <linux/compiler_attributes.h>
+#include <linux/kasan-checks.h>
+
+#include <uapi/linux/types.h>
+
+#include <asm/barrier.h>
+
+#define __READ_ONCE_SIZE \
+({ \
+ switch (size) { \
+ case 1: *(__u8 *)res = *(volatile __u8 *)p; break; \
+ case 2: *(__u16 *)res = *(volatile __u16 *)p; break; \
+ case 4: *(__u32 *)res = *(volatile __u32 *)p; break; \
+ case 8: *(__u64 *)res = *(volatile __u64 *)p; break; \
+ default: \
+ barrier(); \
+ __builtin_memcpy((void *)res, (const void *)p, size); \
+ barrier(); \
+ } \
+})
+
+static __always_inline
+void __read_once_size(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
+{
+ __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
+}
+
+static __no_kasan_or_inline
+void __read_once_size_nocheck(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
+{
+ __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
+{
+ switch (size) {
+ case 1: *(volatile __u8 *)p = *(__u8 *)res; break;
+ case 2: *(volatile __u16 *)p = *(__u16 *)res; break;
+ case 4: *(volatile __u32 *)p = *(__u32 *)res; break;
+ case 8: *(volatile __u64 *)p = *(__u64 *)res; break;
+ default:
+ barrier();
+ __builtin_memcpy((void *)p, (const void *)res, size);
+ barrier();
+ }
+}
+
+#define __READ_ONCE(x, check) \
+({ \
+ union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u; \
+ if (check) \
+ __read_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
+ else \
+ __read_once_size_nocheck(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* Enforce dependency ordering from x */ \
+ __u.__val; \
+})
+#define READ_ONCE(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 1)
+
+/*
+ * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need
+ * to hide memory access from KASAN.
+ */
+#define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 0)
+
+static __no_kasan_or_inline
+unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
+{
+ kasan_check_read(addr, 1);
+ return *(unsigned long *)addr;
+}
+
+#define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \
+({ \
+ union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u = \
+ { .__val = (__force typeof(x)) (val) }; \
+ __write_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
+ __u.__val; \
+})
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 5e88e7e33abe..6de09d2f42ad 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -177,118 +177,6 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_likely_data *f, int val,
# define __UNIQUE_ID(prefix) __PASTE(__PASTE(__UNIQUE_ID_, prefix), __LINE__)
#endif

-#include <uapi/linux/types.h>
-
-#define __READ_ONCE_SIZE \
-({ \
- switch (size) { \
- case 1: *(__u8 *)res = *(volatile __u8 *)p; break; \
- case 2: *(__u16 *)res = *(volatile __u16 *)p; break; \
- case 4: *(__u32 *)res = *(volatile __u32 *)p; break; \
- case 8: *(__u64 *)res = *(volatile __u64 *)p; break; \
- default: \
- barrier(); \
- __builtin_memcpy((void *)res, (const void *)p, size); \
- barrier(); \
- } \
-})
-
-static __always_inline
-void __read_once_size(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
-/*
- * We can't declare function 'inline' because __no_sanitize_address confilcts
- * with inlining. Attempt to inline it may cause a build failure.
- * https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=67368
- * '__maybe_unused' allows us to avoid defined-but-not-used warnings.
- */
-# define __no_kasan_or_inline __no_sanitize_address notrace __maybe_unused
-#else
-# define __no_kasan_or_inline __always_inline
-#endif
-
-static __no_kasan_or_inline
-void __read_once_size_nocheck(const volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- __READ_ONCE_SIZE;
-}
-
-static __always_inline void __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
-{
- switch (size) {
- case 1: *(volatile __u8 *)p = *(__u8 *)res; break;
- case 2: *(volatile __u16 *)p = *(__u16 *)res; break;
- case 4: *(volatile __u32 *)p = *(__u32 *)res; break;
- case 8: *(volatile __u64 *)p = *(__u64 *)res; break;
- default:
- barrier();
- __builtin_memcpy((void *)p, (const void *)res, size);
- barrier();
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The
- * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of
- * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some
- * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to
- * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C
- * statements.
- *
- * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or
- * unions. If the size of the accessed data type exceeds the word size of
- * the machine (e.g., 32 bits or 64 bits) READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() will
- * fall back to memcpy(). There's at least two memcpy()s: one for the
- * __builtin_memcpy() and then one for the macro doing the copy of variable
- * - '__u' allocated on the stack.
- *
- * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between
- * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU,
- * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise
- * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact
- * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the
- * required ordering.
- */
-#include <asm/barrier.h>
-#include <linux/kasan-checks.h>
-
-#define __READ_ONCE(x, check) \
-({ \
- union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u; \
- if (check) \
- __read_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- else \
- __read_once_size_nocheck(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* Enforce dependency ordering from x */ \
- __u.__val; \
-})
-#define READ_ONCE(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 1)
-
-/*
- * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need
- * to hide memory access from KASAN.
- */
-#define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) __READ_ONCE(x, 0)
-
-static __no_kasan_or_inline
-unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
-{
- kasan_check_read(addr, 1);
- return *(unsigned long *)addr;
-}
-
-#define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \
-({ \
- union { typeof(x) __val; char __c[1]; } __u = \
- { .__val = (__force typeof(x)) (val) }; \
- __write_once_size(&(x), __u.__c, sizeof(x)); \
- __u.__val; \
-})
-
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

/*
@@ -356,4 +244,6 @@ static inline void *offset_to_ptr(const int *off)
/* &a[0] degrades to a pointer: a different type from an array */
#define __must_be_array(a) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(__same_type((a), &(a)[0]))

+#include <asm/rwonce.h>
+
#endif /* __LINUX_COMPILER_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h b/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
index cdf016596659..7cb92286de9f 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler_attributes.h
@@ -270,4 +270,16 @@
*/
#define __weak __attribute__((__weak__))

+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
+/*
+ * We can't declare function 'inline' because __no_sanitize_address confilcts
+ * with inlining. Attempt to inline it may cause a build failure.
+ * https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=67368
+ * '__maybe_unused' allows us to avoid defined-but-not-used warnings.
+ */
+# define __no_kasan_or_inline __no_sanitize_address notrace __maybe_unused
+#else
+# define __no_kasan_or_inline __always_inline
+#endif
+
#endif /* __LINUX_COMPILER_ATTRIBUTES_H */
--
2.24.0.rc1.363.gb1bccd3e3d-goog
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