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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 3/5] x86/kvm: Add "nopvspin" parameter to disable PV spinlocks
On Wed, 23 Oct 2019 at 19:21, Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com> wrote:
>
> There are cases where a guest tries to switch spinlocks to bare metal
> behavior (e.g. by setting "xen_nopvspin" on XEN platform and
> "hv_nopvspin" on HYPER_V).
>
> That feature is missed on KVM, add a new parameter "nopvspin" to disable
> PV spinlocks for KVM guest.
>
> The new 'nopvspin' parameter will also replace Xen and Hyper-V specific
> parameters in future patches.
>
> Define variable nopvsin as global because it will be used in future
> patches as above.
>
> Signed-off-by: Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> Cc: Radim Krcmar <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
> Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> Cc: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>
> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>

> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 5 ++++
> arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++-----
> kernel/locking/qspinlock.c | 7 +++++
> 4 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> index a84a83f..bd49ed2 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> @@ -5334,6 +5334,11 @@
> as generic guest with no PV drivers. Currently support
> XEN HVM, KVM, HYPER_V and VMWARE guest.
>
> + nopvspin [X86,KVM]
> + Disables the qspinlock slow path using PV optimizations
> + which allow the hypervisor to 'idle' the guest on lock
> + contention.
> +
> xirc2ps_cs= [NET,PCMCIA]
> Format:
> <irq>,<irq_mask>,<io>,<full_duplex>,<do_sound>,<lockup_hack>[,<irq2>[,<irq3>[,<irq4>]]]
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> index 444d6fd..d86ab94 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ static __always_inline u32 queued_fetch_set_pending_acquire(struct qspinlock *lo
> extern void __pv_init_lock_hash(void);
> extern void __pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val);
> extern void __raw_callee_save___pv_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock);
> +extern bool nopvspin;
>
> #define queued_spin_unlock queued_spin_unlock
> /**
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> index 6562886..9834737 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> @@ -825,18 +825,36 @@ __visible bool __kvm_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu)
> */
> void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void)
> {
> - /* Does host kernel support KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT? */
> - if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT))
> + /*
> + * In case host doesn't support KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT there is still an
> + * advantage of keeping virt_spin_lock_key enabled: virt_spin_lock() is
> + * preferred over native qspinlock when vCPU is preempted.
> + */
> + if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT)) {
> + pr_info("PV spinlocks disabled, no host support\n");
> return;
> + }
>
> + /*
> + * Disable PV spinlocks and use native qspinlock when dedicated pCPUs
> + * are available.
> + */
> if (kvm_para_has_hint(KVM_HINTS_REALTIME)) {
> - static_branch_disable(&virt_spin_lock_key);
> - return;
> + pr_info("PV spinlocks disabled with KVM_HINTS_REALTIME hints\n");
> + goto out;
> }
>
> - /* Don't use the pvqspinlock code if there is only 1 vCPU. */
> - if (num_possible_cpus() == 1)
> - return;
> + if (num_possible_cpus() == 1) {
> + pr_info("PV spinlocks disabled, single CPU\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + if (nopvspin) {
> + pr_info("PV spinlocks disabled, forced by \"nopvspin\" parameter\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + pr_info("PV spinlocks enabled\n");
>
> __pv_init_lock_hash();
> pv_ops.lock.queued_spin_lock_slowpath = __pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath;
> @@ -849,6 +867,13 @@ void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void)
> pv_ops.lock.vcpu_is_preempted =
> PV_CALLEE_SAVE(__kvm_vcpu_is_preempted);
> }
> + /*
> + * When PV spinlock is enabled which is preferred over
> + * virt_spin_lock(), virt_spin_lock_key's value is meaningless.
> + * Just disable it anyway.
> + */
> +out:
> + static_branch_disable(&virt_spin_lock_key);
> }
>
> #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
> diff --git a/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c b/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> index 2473f10..75193d6 100644
> --- a/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> +++ b/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> @@ -580,4 +580,11 @@ void queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val)
> #include "qspinlock_paravirt.h"
> #include "qspinlock.c"
>
> +bool nopvspin __initdata;
> +static __init int parse_nopvspin(char *arg)
> +{
> + nopvspin = true;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +early_param("nopvspin", parse_nopvspin);
> #endif
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>

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