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Subject[PATCH v5 09/24] vfio, mm: fix get_user_pages_remote() and FOLL_LONGTERM
Date
As it says in the updated comment in gup.c: current FOLL_LONGTERM
behavior is incompatible with FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the
FS DAX check requirement on vmas.

However, the corresponding restriction in get_user_pages_remote() was
slightly stricter than is actually required: it forbade all
FOLL_LONGTERM callers, but we can actually allow FOLL_LONGTERM callers
that do not set the "locked" arg.

Update the code and comments accordingly, and update the VFIO caller
to take advantage of this, fixing a bug as a result: the VFIO caller
is logically a FOLL_LONGTERM user.

Also, remove an unnessary pair of calls that were releasing and
reacquiring the mmap_sem. There is no need to avoid holding mmap_sem
just in order to call page_to_pfn().

Also, move the DAX check ("if a VMA is DAX, don't allow long term
pinning") from the VFIO call site, all the way into the internals
of get_user_pages_remote() and __gup_longterm_locked(). That is:
get_user_pages_remote() calls __gup_longterm_locked(), which in turn
calls check_dax_vmas(). It's lightly explained in the comments as well.

Thanks to Jason Gunthorpe for pointing out a clean way to fix this,
and to Dan Williams for helping clarify the DAX refactoring.

Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 30 +++++-------------------------
mm/gup.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index d864277ea16f..c7a111ad9975 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -340,7 +340,6 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
{
struct page *page[1];
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
- struct vm_area_struct *vmas[1];
unsigned int flags = 0;
int ret;

@@ -348,33 +347,14 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
flags |= FOLL_WRITE;

down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
- if (mm == current->mm) {
- ret = get_user_pages(vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM, page,
- vmas);
- } else {
- ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags, page,
- vmas, NULL);
- /*
- * The lifetime of a vaddr_get_pfn() page pin is
- * userspace-controlled. In the fs-dax case this could
- * lead to indefinite stalls in filesystem operations.
- * Disallow attempts to pin fs-dax pages via this
- * interface.
- */
- if (ret > 0 && vma_is_fsdax(vmas[0])) {
- ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
- put_page(page[0]);
- }
- }
- up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-
+ ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
+ page, NULL, NULL);
if (ret == 1) {
*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
- return 0;
+ ret = 0;
+ goto done;
}

- down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-
vaddr = untagged_addr(vaddr);

vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
@@ -384,7 +364,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
if (is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn))
ret = 0;
}
-
+done:
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
return ret;
}
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index b859bd4da4d7..6cf613bfe7dc 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -29,6 +29,13 @@ struct follow_page_context {
unsigned int page_mask;
};

+static __always_inline long __gup_longterm_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long nr_pages,
+ struct page **pages,
+ struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
+ unsigned int flags);
/*
* Return the compound head page with ref appropriately incremented,
* or NULL if that failed.
@@ -1167,13 +1174,23 @@ long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
{
/*
- * FIXME: Current FOLL_LONGTERM behavior is incompatible with
+ * Parts of FOLL_LONGTERM behavior are incompatible with
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
- * vmas. As there are no users of this flag in this call we simply
- * disallow this option for now.
+ * vmas. However, this only comes up if locked is set, and there are
+ * callers that do request FOLL_LONGTERM, but do not set locked. So,
+ * allow what we can.
*/
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM))
- return -EINVAL;
+ if (gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(locked))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /*
+ * This will check the vmas (even if our vmas arg is NULL)
+ * and return -ENOTSUPP if DAX isn't allowed in this case:
+ */
+ return __gup_longterm_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages,
+ vmas, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH |
+ FOLL_REMOTE);
+ }

return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
locked,
--
2.24.0
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