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Subject[PATCH v4 0/6] Add support for frequency invariance for (some) x86
Date
v3 at https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191111180549.12166-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz/

Changes wrt v3:

- Add definition of function set_arch_max_freq if !CONFIG_SMP

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Cover Letter from v3:

v2 at https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191002122926.385-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz/

Changes wrt v2:

- Removing the tick_disable mechanism. Frequency scale-invariance isn't
just about helping schedutil choose better frequencies, but also
providing the scheduler load balancer with better metrics. All users of
PELT signals benefit from this feature. The tick_disable patch disabled
frequency invariant calculation when a specific driver is in use
(intel_pstate in active mode).

- static_branch_enable(&arch_scale_freq_key) is now called earlier, right
after we learn that X86_FEATURE_APERFMPERF is available. Previously Peter
Z. commented "if we can't tell the max_freq we don't want to use the
invariant stuff.". I've decided to do it differently: if we can't tell
the max_freq, then it's because the CPU encodes max_freq in MSRs in a way
this patch doesn't understand, and we assume max_p is the max_freq which
seems like a safe bet. As a reminder, max_freq=max_p is encoded by
setting arch_max_freq=1024 as default value. I'm open to feedback.

- Refactoring the switch case statement in set_cpu_max_freq() as Rafael
W. Now the first patch doesn't hint at what the following patch will
bring along.

- Handling the case were turbo is disabled at runtime and a _PPC ACPI
notification is issued, as requested by Rafael W. This happens eg. when
some laptop model is disconnected from AC. (Patch #6)

- Handling all Intel x86_64 micro-arches.

- A note for Srinivas P., who expressed concern for Atoms: on Atom CPUs the
max_freq is set to the highest turbo level, as a power-efficiency
oriented measure. In this way the ratio curr_freq/max_freq tends to be
lower, PELT signals are consequently lower, and schedutil doesn't push
too hard on speed. (Patches #4 and #5).

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Cover Letter from v2:

v1 at https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190909024216.5942-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz/

Changes wrt v1:

- add x86-specific implementation of arch_scale_freq_invariant() using a
static key that checks for the availability of APERF and MPERF
- refer to GOLDMONT_D instead of GOLDMONT_X, according to recent rename
- set arch_cpu_freq to 1024 from x86_arch_scale_freq_tick_disable() to prevent
PELT from being fed stale data

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Cover Letter from v1:

This is a resend with of Peter Zijlstra's patch to support frequency
scale-invariance on x86 from May 2018 [see 1]. I've added some modifications
and included performance test results. If Peter doesn't mind, I'm slapping my
name on it :)

The changes from Peter's original implementation are:

1) normalizing against the 4-cores turbo level instead or 1-core turbo
2) removing the run-time search for when the above value isn't found in the
various Intel MSRs -- the base frequency value is taken in that case.

The section "4. KNOWN LIMITATIONS" in the first patch commit message addresses
the reason why this approach was dropped back in 2018, and explains that the
performance gains outweight that issue.

The second patch from Srinivas is taken verbatim from the May 2018 submission
as it still applies.

I apologies for the length of patch #1 commit message; I've made a table of
contents with summaries of each section that should make easier to skim
through the content.

This submission incorporates the feedback and requests for additional tests
received during the presentation made at OSPM 2019 in Pisa three months ago.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180516044911.28797-2-srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com/

Giovanni Gherdovich (6):
x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance
x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on SKYLAKE_X
x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on XEON_PHI_KNL/KNM
x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on ATOM_GOLDMONT*
x86,sched: Add support for frequency invariance on ATOM
x86: intel_pstate: handle runtime turbo disablement/enablement in
freq. invariance

arch/x86/include/asm/topology.h | 28 ++++
arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 324 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c | 1 +
kernel/sched/core.c | 1 +
kernel/sched/sched.h | 7 +
5 files changed, 360 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--
2.16.4

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