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Subject[PATCH] rcu: Fix data-race due to atomic_t copy-by-value
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This fixes a data-race where `atomic_t dynticks` is copied by value. The
copy is performed non-atomically, resulting in a data-race if `dynticks`
is updated concurrently.

This data-race was found with KCSAN:
==================================================================
BUG: KCSAN: data-race in dyntick_save_progress_counter / rcu_irq_enter

write to 0xffff989dbdbe98e0 of 4 bytes by task 10 on cpu 3:
atomic_add_return include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:78 [inline]
rcu_dynticks_snap kernel/rcu/tree.c:310 [inline]
dyntick_save_progress_counter+0x43/0x1b0 kernel/rcu/tree.c:984
force_qs_rnp+0x183/0x200 kernel/rcu/tree.c:2286
rcu_gp_fqs kernel/rcu/tree.c:1601 [inline]
rcu_gp_fqs_loop+0x71/0x880 kernel/rcu/tree.c:1653
rcu_gp_kthread+0x22c/0x3b0 kernel/rcu/tree.c:1799
kthread+0x1b5/0x200 kernel/kthread.c:255
<snip>

read to 0xffff989dbdbe98e0 of 4 bytes by task 154 on cpu 7:
rcu_nmi_enter_common kernel/rcu/tree.c:828 [inline]
rcu_irq_enter+0xda/0x240 kernel/rcu/tree.c:870
irq_enter+0x5/0x50 kernel/softirq.c:347
<snip>

Reported by Kernel Concurrency Sanitizer on:
CPU: 7 PID: 154 Comm: kworker/7:1H Not tainted 5.3.0+ #5
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
Workqueue: kblockd blk_mq_run_work_fn
==================================================================

Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: rcu@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
include/trace/events/rcu.h | 4 ++--
kernel/rcu/tree.c | 11 ++++++-----
2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/trace/events/rcu.h b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
index 694bd040cf51..fdd31c5fd126 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/rcu.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
@@ -442,7 +442,7 @@ TRACE_EVENT_RCU(rcu_fqs,
*/
TRACE_EVENT_RCU(rcu_dyntick,

- TP_PROTO(const char *polarity, long oldnesting, long newnesting, atomic_t dynticks),
+ TP_PROTO(const char *polarity, long oldnesting, long newnesting, int dynticks),

TP_ARGS(polarity, oldnesting, newnesting, dynticks),

@@ -457,7 +457,7 @@ TRACE_EVENT_RCU(rcu_dyntick,
__entry->polarity = polarity;
__entry->oldnesting = oldnesting;
__entry->newnesting = newnesting;
- __entry->dynticks = atomic_read(&dynticks);
+ __entry->dynticks = dynticks;
),

TP_printk("%s %lx %lx %#3x", __entry->polarity,
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 81105141b6a8..62e59596a30a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -576,7 +576,7 @@ static void rcu_eqs_enter(bool user)
}

lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
- trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("Start"), rdp->dynticks_nesting, 0, rdp->dynticks);
+ trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("Start"), rdp->dynticks_nesting, 0, atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) && !user && !is_idle_task(current));
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data);
do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(rdp);
@@ -649,14 +649,15 @@ static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_exit_common(bool irq)
* leave it in non-RCU-idle state.
*/
if (rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting != 1) {
- trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("--="), rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting - 2, rdp->dynticks);
+ trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("--="), rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting - 2,
+ atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, /* No store tearing. */
rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting - 2);
return;
}

/* This NMI interrupted an RCU-idle CPU, restore RCU-idleness. */
- trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("Startirq"), rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, 0, rdp->dynticks);
+ trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("Startirq"), rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, 0, atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, 0); /* Avoid store tearing. */

if (irq)
@@ -743,7 +744,7 @@ static void rcu_eqs_exit(bool user)
rcu_dynticks_task_exit();
rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit();
rcu_cleanup_after_idle();
- trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("End"), rdp->dynticks_nesting, 1, rdp->dynticks);
+ trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("End"), rdp->dynticks_nesting, 1, atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) && !user && !is_idle_task(current));
WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nesting, 1);
WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting);
@@ -827,7 +828,7 @@ static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_enter_common(bool irq)
}
trace_rcu_dyntick(incby == 1 ? TPS("Endirq") : TPS("++="),
rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting,
- rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting + incby, rdp->dynticks);
+ rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting + incby, atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, /* Prevent store tearing. */
rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting + incby);
barrier();
--
2.23.0.581.g78d2f28ef7-goog
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