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Subject[PATCH v2 1/2] mm: Don't access uninitialized memmaps in fs/proc/page.c
Date
There are three places where we access uninitialized memmaps, namely:
- /proc/kpagecount
- /proc/kpageflags
- /proc/kpagecgroup

We have initialized memmaps either when the section is online or when
the page was initialized to the ZONE_DEVICE. Uninitialized memmaps contain
garbage and in the worst case trigger kernel BUGs, especially with
CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING.

For example, not onlining a DIMM during boot and calling /proc/kpagecount
with CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING:
:/# cat /proc/kpagecount > tmp.test
[ 95.600592] BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: fffffffffffffffe
[ 95.601238] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
[ 95.601675] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
[ 95.602116] PGD 114616067 P4D 114616067 PUD 114618067 PMD 0
[ 95.602596] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
[ 95.602920] CPU: 0 PID: 469 Comm: cat Not tainted 5.4.0-rc1-next-20191004+ #11
[ 95.603547] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.1-0-ga5cab58e9a3f-prebuilt.qemu.4
[ 95.604521] RIP: 0010:kpagecount_read+0xce/0x1e0
[ 95.604917] Code: e8 09 83 e0 3f 48 0f a3 02 73 2d 4c 89 e7 48 c1 e7 06 48 03 3d ab 51 01 01 74 1d 48 8b 57 08 480
[ 95.606450] RSP: 0018:ffffa14e409b7e78 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 95.606904] RAX: fffffffffffffffe RBX: 0000000000020000 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 95.607519] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 00007f76b5595000 RDI: fffff35645000000
[ 95.608128] RBP: 00007f76b5595000 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 95.608731] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000140000
[ 95.609327] R13: 0000000000020000 R14: 00007f76b5595000 R15: ffffa14e409b7f08
[ 95.609924] FS: 00007f76b577d580(0000) GS:ffff8f41bd400000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 95.610599] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 95.611083] CR2: fffffffffffffffe CR3: 0000000078960000 CR4: 00000000000006f0
[ 95.611686] Call Trace:
[ 95.611906] proc_reg_read+0x3c/0x60
[ 95.612228] vfs_read+0xc5/0x180
[ 95.612505] ksys_read+0x68/0xe0
[ 95.612785] do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
[ 95.613092] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

For now, let's drop support for ZONE_DEVICE from the three pseudo files
in order to fix this. To distinguish offline memory (with garbage memmap)
from ZONE_DEVICE memory with properly initialized memmaps, we would have to
check get_dev_pagemap() and pfn_zone_device_reserved() right now. The usage
of both (especially, special casing devmem) is frowned upon and needs to
be reworked. The fundamental issue we have is:

if (pfn_to_online_page(pfn)) {
/* memmap initialized */
} else if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
/*
* ???
* a) offline memory. memmap garbage.
* b) devmem: memmap initialized to ZONE_DEVICE.
* c) devmem: reserved for driver. memmap garbage.
* (d) devmem: memmap currently initializing - garbage)
*/
}

We'll leave the pfn_zone_device_reserved() check in stable_page_flags()
in place as that function is also used from memory failure. We now
no longer dump information about pages that are not in use anymore -
offline.

Reported-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Toshiki Fukasawa <t-fukasawa@vx.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Pankaj gupta <pagupta@redhat.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Anthony Yznaga <anthony.yznaga@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
fs/proc/page.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
index decd3fe39674..e40dbfe1168e 100644
--- a/fs/proc/page.c
+++ b/fs/proc/page.c
@@ -42,10 +42,12 @@ static ssize_t kpagecount_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
return -EINVAL;

while (count > 0) {
- if (pfn_valid(pfn))
- ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- else
- ppage = NULL;
+ /*
+ * TODO: ZONE_DEVICE support requires to identify
+ * memmaps that were actually initialized.
+ */
+ ppage = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);
+
if (!ppage || PageSlab(ppage) || page_has_type(ppage))
pcount = 0;
else
@@ -218,10 +220,11 @@ static ssize_t kpageflags_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
return -EINVAL;

while (count > 0) {
- if (pfn_valid(pfn))
- ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- else
- ppage = NULL;
+ /*
+ * TODO: ZONE_DEVICE support requires to identify
+ * memmaps that were actually initialized.
+ */
+ ppage = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);

if (put_user(stable_page_flags(ppage), out)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
@@ -263,10 +266,11 @@ static ssize_t kpagecgroup_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
return -EINVAL;

while (count > 0) {
- if (pfn_valid(pfn))
- ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- else
- ppage = NULL;
+ /*
+ * TODO: ZONE_DEVICE support requires to identify
+ * memmaps that were actually initialized.
+ */
+ ppage = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);

if (ppage)
ino = page_cgroup_ino(ppage);
--
2.21.0

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