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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] PCI: PCIe: ASPM: Introduce pcie_aspm_enabled()
On Wed, Oct 09, 2019 at 12:54:37AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 8, 2019 at 11:16 PM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Oct 08, 2019 at 11:27:51AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Tue, Oct 8, 2019 at 12:34 AM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Aug 08, 2019 at 11:55:07PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > > > >
> > > > > Add a function checking whether or not PCIe ASPM has been enabled for
> > > > > a given device.
> > > > >
> > > > > It will be used by the NVMe driver to decide how to handle the
> > > > > device during system suspend.
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > >
> > > > > v2 -> v3:
> > > > > * Make the new function return bool.
> > > > > * Change its name back to pcie_aspm_enabled().
> > > > > * Fix kerneldoc comment formatting.
> > > > >
> > > > > -> v2:
> > > > > * Move the PCI/PCIe ASPM changes to a separate patch.
> > > > > * Add the _mask suffix to the new function name.
> > > > > * Add EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL() to the new function.
> > > > > * Avoid adding an unnecessary blank line.
> > > > >
> > > > > ---
> > > > > drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > include/linux/pci.h | 3 +++
> > > > > 2 files changed, 23 insertions(+)
> > > > >
> > > > > Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
> > > > > ===================================================================
> > > > > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
> > > > > +++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
> > > > > @@ -1170,6 +1170,26 @@ static int pcie_aspm_get_policy(char *bu
> > > > > module_param_call(policy, pcie_aspm_set_policy, pcie_aspm_get_policy,
> > > > > NULL, 0644);
> > > > >
> > > > > +/**
> > > > > + * pcie_aspm_enabled - Check if PCIe ASPM has been enabled for a device.
> > > > > + * @pci_device: Target device.
> > > > > + */
> > > > > +bool pcie_aspm_enabled(struct pci_dev *pci_device)
> > > > > +{
> > > > > + struct pci_dev *bridge = pci_upstream_bridge(pci_device);
> > > > > + bool ret;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + if (!bridge)
> > > > > + return false;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
> > > > > + ret = bridge->link_state ? !!bridge->link_state->aspm_enabled : false;
> > > > > + mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
> > > >
> > > > Why do we need to acquire aspm_lock here? We aren't modifying
> > > > anything, and I don't think we're preventing a race. If this races
> > > > with another thread that changes aspm_enabled, we'll return either the
> > > > old state or the new one, and I think that's still the case even if we
> > > > don't acquire aspm_lock.
> > >
> > > Well, if we can guarantee that pci_remove_bus_device() will never be
> > > called in parallel with this helper, then I agree, but can we
> > > guarantee that?
> >
> > Hmm, yeah, I guess that's the question. It's not a race with another
> > thread changing aspm_enabled; the potential race is with another
> > thread removing the last child of "bridge", which will free the
> > link_state and set bridge->link_state = NULL.
> >
> > I think it should be safe to call device-related PCI interfaces if
> > you're holding a reference to the device, e.g., from a driver bound to
> > the device or a sysfs accessor. Since we call pcie_aspm_enabled(dev)
> > from a driver bound to "dev", another thread should not be able to
> > remove "dev" while we're using it.
> >
> > I know that's a little hand-wavey, but if it weren't true, I think
> > we'd have a lot more locking sprinkled everywhere in the PCI core than
> > we do.
> >
> > This has implications for Heiner's ASPM sysfs patches because we're
> > currently doing this in sysfs accessors:
> >
> > static ssize_t aspm_attr_show_common(struct device *dev, ...)
> > {
> > ...
> > link = pcie_aspm_get_link(pdev);
> >
> > mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
> > enabled = link->aspm_enabled & state;
> > mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
> > ...
> > }
> >
> > I assume sysfs must be holding a reference that guarantees "dev" is
> > valid througout this code, and therefore we should not need to hold
> > aspm_lock.
>
> In principle, pcie_aspm_enabled() need not be called via sysfs.
>
> In the particular NVMe use case, it is called from the driver's own PM
> callback, so it would be safe without the locking AFAICS.

Right, pcie_aspm_enabled() is only used by drivers (actually only by
the nvme driver so far). And aspm_attr_show_common() is only used via
new sysfs code being added by Heiner.

> I guess it is safe to drop the locking from there, but then it would
> be good to mention in the kerneldoc that calling it is only safe under
> the assumption that the link_state object cannot go away while it is
> running.

I'll post a patch to that effect. Thanks!

Bjorn

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