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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 2/3] open.2: add O_EMPTYPATH documentation
On 2019-10-09, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello Aleksa,
>
> You write "5.FOO" in these patches. When do you expect these changes to
> land in the kernel?

Probably 5.6 (I'd hope for 5.5, but I don't know how the v14 review will
go). I'm not too sure though, and the magic-link changes (plus
O_EMPTYPATH) will probably land after openat2(2) since there is some
remaining work to do.

> On 10/3/19 4:55 PM, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> > Some of the wording around empty paths in path_resolution(7) also needed
> > to be reworked since it's now legal (if you pass O_EMPTYPATH).
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> > ---
> > man2/open.2 | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > man7/path_resolution.7 | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
> > 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/man2/open.2 b/man2/open.2
> > index b0f485b41589..7217fe056e5e 100644
> > --- a/man2/open.2
> > +++ b/man2/open.2
> > @@ -48,7 +48,7 @@
> > .\" FIXME . Apr 08: The next POSIX revision has O_EXEC, O_SEARCH, and
> > .\" O_TTYINIT. Eventually these may need to be documented. --mtk
> > .\"
> > -.TH OPEN 2 2018-04-30 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> > +.TH OPEN 2 2019-10-03 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
>
> No need to update the timestamp. I have scripts that handle this
> automatically.
>
> > .SH NAME
> > open, openat, creat \- open and possibly create a file
> > .SH SYNOPSIS
> > @@ -421,6 +421,21 @@ was followed by a call to
> > .BR fdatasync (2)).
> > .IR "See NOTES below" .
> > .TP
> > +.BR O_EMPTYPATH " (since Linux 5.FOO)"
> > +If \fIpathname\fP is an empty string, re-open the the file descriptor given as
>
> In general, I prefer the general form
>
> .I pathname
>
> over \fIpathname\fP.
>
> If you would be willing to cahnge that, it would save me a little work.
> (And likewise throughout the rest of the patch.)
>
> > +the \fIdirfd\fP argument to
> > +.BR openat (2).
> > +This can be used with both ordinary (file and directory) and \fBO_PATH\fP file
> > +descriptors, but cannot be used with
> > +.BR AT_FDCWD
> > +(or as an argument to plain
> > +.BR open (2).) When re-opening an \fBO_PATH\fP file descriptor, the same "link
>
> There's a formatting problem here which can be fixed by inserting a
> newline before "When".
>
> > +mode" restrictions apply as with re-opening through
> > +.BR proc (5)
> > +(see
> > +.BR path_resolution "(7) and " symlink (7)
> > +for more details.)
> > +.TP
> > .B O_EXCL
> > Ensure that this call creates the file:
> > if this flag is specified in conjunction with
> > @@ -668,6 +683,13 @@ with
> > (or via procfs using
> > .BR AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW )
> > even if the file is not a directory.
> > +You can even "re-open" (or upgrade) an
> > +.BR O_PATH
> > +file descriptor by using
> > +.BR O_EMPTYPATH
> > +(see the section for
> > +.BR O_EMPTYPATH
> > +for more details.)
> > .IP *
> > Passing the file descriptor to another process via a UNIX domain socket
> > (see
> > @@ -958,6 +980,15 @@ is not allowed.
> > (See also
> > .BR path_resolution (7).)
> > .TP
> > +.B EBADF
> > +.I pathname
> > +was an empty string (and
> > +.B O_EMPTYPATH
> > +was passed) with
> > +.BR open (2)
> > +(instead of
> > +.BR openat (2).)
> > +.TP
> > .B EDQUOT
> > Where
> > .B O_CREAT
> > @@ -1203,6 +1234,15 @@ The following additional errors can occur for
> > .I dirfd
> > is not a valid file descriptor.
> > .TP
> > +.B EBADF
> > +.I pathname
> > +was an empty string (and
> > +.B O_EMPTYPATH
> > +was passed), but the provided
> > +.I dirfd
> > +was an invalid file descriptor (or was
> > +.BR AT_FDCWD .)
> > +.TP
> > .B ENOTDIR
> > .I pathname
> > is a relative pathname and
> > diff --git a/man7/path_resolution.7 b/man7/path_resolution.7
> > index 46f25ec4cdfa..85dd354e9a93 100644
> > --- a/man7/path_resolution.7
> > +++ b/man7/path_resolution.7
> > @@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
> > .\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
> > .\" %%%LICENSE_END
> > .\"
> > -.TH PATH_RESOLUTION 7 2017-11-26 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> > +.TH PATH_RESOLUTION 7 2019-10-03 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> > .SH NAME
> > path_resolution \- how a pathname is resolved to a file
> > .SH DESCRIPTION
> > @@ -198,6 +198,21 @@ successfully.
> > Linux returns
> > .B ENOENT
> > in this case.
> > +.PP
> > +As of Linux 5.FOO, an empty path argument can be used to indicate the "re-open"
> > +an existing file descriptor if
> > +.B O_EMPTYPATH
> > +is passed as a flag argument to
> > +.BR openat (2),
> > +with the
> > +.I dfd
> > +argument indicating which file descriptor to "re-open". This is approximately
> > +equivalent to opening
> > +.I /proc/self/fd/$fd
>
> .IR /proc/self/fd/$fd ,
>
> > +where
> > +.I $fd
> > +is the open file descriptor to be "re-opened".
> > +
>
> No blank line here.
>
> > .SS Permissions
> > The permission bits of a file consist of three groups of three bits; see
> > .BR chmod (1)

Will fix all of the above -- thanks!


--
Aleksa Sarai
Senior Software Engineer (Containers)
SUSE Linux GmbH
<https://www.cyphar.com/>
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