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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1] mm: Fix access of uninitialized memmaps in fs/proc/page.c
On Wed 09-10-19 11:12:04, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> There are various places where we access uninitialized memmaps, namely:
> - /proc/kpagecount
> - /proc/kpageflags
> - /proc/kpagecgroup
> - memory_failure() - which reuses stable_page_flags() from fs/proc/page.c
>
> We have initialized memmaps either when the section is online or when
> the page was initialized to the ZONE_DEVICE. Uninitialized memmaps contain
> garbage and in the worst case trigger kernel BUGs, especially with
> CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING.
>
> For example, not onlining a DIMM during boot and calling /proc/kpagecount
> with CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING:
> :/# cat /proc/kpagecount > tmp.test
> [ 95.600592] BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: fffffffffffffffe
> [ 95.601238] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
> [ 95.601675] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
> [ 95.602116] PGD 114616067 P4D 114616067 PUD 114618067 PMD 0
> [ 95.602596] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
> [ 95.602920] CPU: 0 PID: 469 Comm: cat Not tainted 5.4.0-rc1-next-20191004+ #11
> [ 95.603547] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.1-0-ga5cab58e9a3f-prebuilt.qemu.4
> [ 95.604521] RIP: 0010:kpagecount_read+0xce/0x1e0
> [ 95.604917] Code: e8 09 83 e0 3f 48 0f a3 02 73 2d 4c 89 e7 48 c1 e7 06 48 03 3d ab 51 01 01 74 1d 48 8b 57 08 480
> [ 95.606450] RSP: 0018:ffffa14e409b7e78 EFLAGS: 00010202
> [ 95.606904] RAX: fffffffffffffffe RBX: 0000000000020000 RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 95.607519] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 00007f76b5595000 RDI: fffff35645000000
> [ 95.608128] RBP: 00007f76b5595000 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
> [ 95.608731] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000140000
> [ 95.609327] R13: 0000000000020000 R14: 00007f76b5595000 R15: ffffa14e409b7f08
> [ 95.609924] FS: 00007f76b577d580(0000) GS:ffff8f41bd400000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 95.610599] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 95.611083] CR2: fffffffffffffffe CR3: 0000000078960000 CR4: 00000000000006f0
> [ 95.611686] Call Trace:
> [ 95.611906] proc_reg_read+0x3c/0x60
> [ 95.612228] vfs_read+0xc5/0x180
> [ 95.612505] ksys_read+0x68/0xe0
> [ 95.612785] do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
> [ 95.613092] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
>
> Note that there are still two possible races as far as I can see:
> - pfn_to_online_page() succeeding but the memory getting offlined and
> removed. get_online_mems() could help once we run into this.
> - pfn_zone_device() succeeding but the memmap not being fully
> initialized yet. As the memmap is initialized outside of the memory
> hoptlug lock, get_online_mems() can't help.
>
> Let's keep the existing interfaces working with ZONE_DEVICE memory. We
> can later come back and fix these rare races and eventually speed-up the
> ZONE_DEVICE detection. This patch now also makes sure we don't dump data
> about memory blocks that are already offline again.

As I've already expressed already I am not really happy to have explicit
checks for zone device pages in pfn walkers. This is simply too fragile.

pfn_to_online_page makes sense because offline pages are not really in a
defined state. This would be worth a patch of its own. I remember there
was a discussion about the uninitialized zone device memmaps. It would
be really good to summarize this discussion in the changelog and
conclude why the explicit check is really good and what were other
alternatives considered.

Thanks!

> Reported-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Toshiki Fukasawa <t-fukasawa@vx.jp.nec.com>
> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com>
> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: Anthony Yznaga <anthony.yznaga@oracle.com>
> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> ---
> fs/proc/page.c | 12 ++++++------
> include/linux/memremap.h | 11 +++++++++--
> mm/memory-failure.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++------
> mm/memremap.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
> 4 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
> index decd3fe39674..76502af461e2 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/page.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/page.c
> @@ -42,7 +42,8 @@ static ssize_t kpagecount_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> while (count > 0) {
> - if (pfn_valid(pfn))
> + if (pfn_valid(pfn) &&
> + (pfn_to_online_page(pfn) || pfn_zone_device(pfn)))
> ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> else
> ppage = NULL;
> @@ -97,9 +98,6 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
> if (!page)
> return BIT_ULL(KPF_NOPAGE);
>
> - if (pfn_zone_device_reserved(page_to_pfn(page)))
> - return BIT_ULL(KPF_RESERVED);
> -
> k = page->flags;
> u = 0;
>
> @@ -218,7 +216,8 @@ static ssize_t kpageflags_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> while (count > 0) {
> - if (pfn_valid(pfn))
> + if (pfn_valid(pfn) &&
> + (pfn_to_online_page(pfn) || pfn_zone_device(pfn)))
> ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> else
> ppage = NULL;
> @@ -263,7 +262,8 @@ static ssize_t kpagecgroup_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> while (count > 0) {
> - if (pfn_valid(pfn))
> + if (pfn_valid(pfn) &&
> + (pfn_to_online_page(pfn) || pfn_zone_device(pfn)))
> ppage = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> else
> ppage = NULL;
> diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
> index c676e33205d3..c076bb163c2f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memremap.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
> @@ -123,7 +123,8 @@ static inline struct vmem_altmap *pgmap_altmap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
> -bool pfn_zone_device_reserved(unsigned long pfn);
> +bool pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn);
> +bool __pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
> void *memremap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, int nid);
> void memunmap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
> void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
> @@ -134,7 +135,13 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
> unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
> void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
> #else
> -static inline bool pfn_zone_device_reserved(unsigned long pfn)
> +static inline bool pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool __pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn,
> + struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> {
> return false;
> }
> diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
> index 7ef849da8278..2b4cc6b67720 100644
> --- a/mm/memory-failure.c
> +++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
> @@ -1161,6 +1161,14 @@ static int memory_failure_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn, int flags,
> loff_t start;
> dax_entry_t cookie;
>
> + /* memmaps of driver reserved memory is not initialized */
> + if (!__pfn_zone_device(pfn, pgmap)) {
> + pr_err("Memory failure: %#lx: driver reserved memory\n",
> + pfn);
> + rc = -ENXIO;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> /*
> * Prevent the inode from being freed while we are interrogating
> * the address_space, typically this would be handled by
> @@ -1253,17 +1261,19 @@ int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags)
> if (!sysctl_memory_failure_recovery)
> panic("Memory failure on page %lx", pfn);
>
> - if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) {
> + p = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);
> + if (!p) {
> + if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
> + pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(pfn, NULL);
> + if (pgmap)
> + return memory_failure_dev_pagemap(pfn, flags,
> + pgmap);
> + }
> pr_err("Memory failure: %#lx: memory outside kernel control\n",
> pfn);
> return -ENXIO;
> }
>
> - pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(pfn, NULL);
> - if (pgmap)
> - return memory_failure_dev_pagemap(pfn, flags, pgmap);
> -
> - p = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> if (PageHuge(p))
> return memory_failure_hugetlb(pfn, flags);
> if (TestSetPageHWPoison(p)) {
> diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
> index 7fed8bd32a18..9f3bb223aec7 100644
> --- a/mm/memremap.c
> +++ b/mm/memremap.c
> @@ -73,21 +73,24 @@ static unsigned long pfn_next(unsigned long pfn)
> return pfn + 1;
> }
>
> +bool __pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
> +{
> + return pfn >= pfn_first(pgmap) && pfn <= pfn_end(pgmap);
> +}
> +
> /*
> - * This returns true if the page is reserved by ZONE_DEVICE driver.
> + * Returns true if the page was initialized to the ZONE_DEVICE (especially,
> + * is not reserved for driver usage).
> */
> -bool pfn_zone_device_reserved(unsigned long pfn)
> +bool pfn_zone_device(unsigned long pfn)
> {
> struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
> - struct vmem_altmap *altmap;
> - bool ret = false;
> + bool ret;
>
> pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(pfn, NULL);
> if (!pgmap)
> - return ret;
> - altmap = pgmap_altmap(pgmap);
> - if (altmap && pfn < (altmap->base_pfn + altmap->reserve))
> - ret = true;
> + return false;
> + ret = __pfn_zone_device(pfn, pgmap);
> put_dev_pagemap(pgmap);
>
> return ret;
> --
> 2.21.0

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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