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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] mm/vmalloc: remove preempt_disable/enable when do preloading
On Wed, 9 Oct 2019 15:19:01 -0700
Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:

> On Wed, 9 Oct 2019 18:49:34 +0200 "Uladzislau Rezki (Sony)" <urezki@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> > Get rid of preempt_disable() and preempt_enable() when the
> > preload is done for splitting purpose. The reason is that
> > calling spin_lock() with disabled preemtion is forbidden in
> > CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT kernel.
> >
> > Therefore, we do not guarantee that a CPU is preloaded, instead
> > we minimize the case when it is not with this change.
> >
> > For example i run the special test case that follows the preload
> > pattern and path. 20 "unbind" threads run it and each does
> > 1000000 allocations. Only 3.5 times among 1000000 a CPU was
> > not preloaded thus. So it can happen but the number is rather
> > negligible.
> >
> > ...
> >
>
> A few questions about the resulting alloc_vmap_area():
>
> : static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size,
> : unsigned long align,
> : unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
> : int node, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> : {
> : struct vmap_area *va, *pva;
> : unsigned long addr;
> : int purged = 0;
> :
> : BUG_ON(!size);
> : BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size));
> : BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align));
> :
> : if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized))
> : return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> :
> : might_sleep();
> :
> : va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep,
> : gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node);
>
> Why does this use GFP_RECLAIM_MASK? Please add a comment explaining
> this.
>
> : if (unlikely(!va))
> : return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> :
> : /*
> : * Only scan the relevant parts containing pointers to other objects
> : * to avoid false negatives.
> : */
> : kmemleak_scan_area(&va->rb_node, SIZE_MAX, gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
> :
> : retry:
> : /*
> : * Preload this CPU with one extra vmap_area object. It is used
> : * when fit type of free area is NE_FIT_TYPE. Please note, it
> : * does not guarantee that an allocation occurs on a CPU that
> : * is preloaded, instead we minimize the case when it is not.
> : * It can happen because of migration, because there is a race
> : * until the below spinlock is taken.
> : *
> : * The preload is done in non-atomic context, thus it allows us
> : * to use more permissive allocation masks to be more stable under
> : * low memory condition and high memory pressure.
> : *
> : * Even if it fails we do not really care about that. Just proceed
> : * as it is. "overflow" path will refill the cache we allocate from.
> : */
> : if (!this_cpu_read(ne_fit_preload_node)) {
>
> Readability nit: local `pva' should be defined here, rather than having
> function-wide scope.
>
> : pva = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL, node);
>
> Why doesn't this honour gfp_mask? If it's not a bug, please add
> comment explaining this.
>
> The kmem_cache_alloc() in adjust_va_to_fit_type() omits the caller's
> gfp_mask also. If not a bug, please document the unexpected behaviour.
>

These questions appear to be for the code that this patch touches, not
for the patch itself.

> :
> : if (this_cpu_cmpxchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL,
> pva)) { : if (pva)
> : kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep,
> pva); : }
> : }
> :
> : spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
> :
> : /*
> : * If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is
> : * returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path.
> : */
>
> As for the intent of this patch, why not preallocate the vmap_area
> outside the spinlock and use it within the spinlock? Does spin_lock()
> disable preemption on RT? I forget, but it doesn't matter much anyway

spin_lock() does not disable preemption on RT. But it does disable
migration (thus the task should remain on the current CPU).

> - doing this will make the code better in the regular kernel I think?
> Something like this:
>
> struct vmap_area *pva = NULL;
>
> ...
>
> if (!this_cpu_read(ne_fit_preload_node))
> pva = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, ...);
>
> spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
>
> if (pva && __this_cpu_cmpxchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL, pva))
> kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, pva);
>


This looks fine to me.

-- Steve

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