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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 05/10] mm: Return faster for non-fatal signals in user mode faults
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On Sun, 22 Sep 2019 21:25:18 PDT (-0700), peterx@redhat.com wrote:
> The idea comes from the upstream discussion between Linus and Andrea:
>
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20171102193644.GB22686@redhat.com/
>
> A summary to the issue: there was a special path in handle_userfault()
> in the past that we'll return a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE when we detected
> non-fatal signals when waiting for userfault handling. We did that by
> reacquiring the mmap_sem before returning. However that brings a risk
> in that the vmas might have changed when we retake the mmap_sem and
> even we could be holding an invalid vma structure.
>
> This patch is a preparation of removing that special path by allowing
> the page fault to return even faster if we were interrupted by a
> non-fatal signal during a user-mode page fault handling routine.
>
> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Suggested-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/alpha/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/arc/mm/fault.c | 5 +++++
> arch/arm/mm/fault.c | 9 +++++----
> arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 9 +++++----
> arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/ia64/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/m68k/mm/fault.c | 5 +++--
> arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/mips/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/nds32/mm/fault.c | 9 +++++----
> arch/nios2/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/parisc/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c | 2 ++
> arch/riscv/mm/fault.c | 5 +++--
> arch/s390/mm/fault.c | 4 ++--
> arch/sh/mm/fault.c | 4 ++++
> arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c | 2 +-
> arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c | 3 ++-
> arch/um/kernel/trap.c | 4 +++-
> arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c | 5 +++--
> arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 2 ++
> arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c | 3 ++-
> include/linux/sched/signal.h | 12 ++++++++++++
> 24 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> index de4cc6936391..ab1d4212d658 100644
> --- a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> @@ -150,7 +150,8 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long mmcsr,
> the fault. */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> index 61919e4e4eec..27adf4e608e4 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -142,6 +142,11 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs)
> goto no_context;
> return;
> }
> +
> + /* Allow user to handle non-fatal signals first */
> + if (signal_pending(current) && user_mode(regs))
> + return;
> +
> /*
> * retry state machine
> */
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> index 2ae28ffec622..f00fb4eafe54 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> @@ -291,14 +291,15 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = __do_page_fault(mm, addr, fsr, flags, tsk);
>
> - /* If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + /* If we need to retry but a signal is pending, try to handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because
> * it would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in
> * mm/filemap.c. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY && signal_pending(current))) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> - return 0;
> + if (user_mode(regs))
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> index 613e7434c208..0d3fe0ea6a70 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> @@ -479,15 +479,16 @@ static int __kprobes do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr,
>
> if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending,
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending, try to
> * handle the signal first. We do not need to release
> * the mmap_sem because it would already be released
> * in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if (signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> - return 0;
> + if (user_mode(regs))
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> index 223787e01bdd..88a2e5635bfb 100644
> --- a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> +++ b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> @@ -91,7 +91,8 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, long cause, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> /* The most common case -- we are done. */
> diff --git a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> index d039b846f671..8d47acf50fda 100644
> --- a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> @@ -141,7 +141,8 @@ ia64_do_page_fault (unsigned long address, unsigned long isr, struct pt_regs *re
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> index 8e734309ace9..103f93ba8139 100644
> --- a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> @@ -138,8 +138,9 @@ int do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
> pr_debug("handle_mm_fault returns %x\n", fault);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> - return 0;
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> + return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM)
> diff --git a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> index 45c9f66c1dbc..8b0615eab4b6 100644
> --- a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> @@ -217,7 +217,8 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> index 6660b77ff8f3..48aac20a1ded 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> @@ -154,7 +154,8 @@ static void __kprobes __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long write,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address);
> diff --git a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> index a40de112a23a..baa44f9d0b4a 100644
> --- a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> @@ -206,14 +206,15 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long entry, unsigned long addr,
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr, flags);
>
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending, try to handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because it
> * would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> - return;
> + if (user_mode(regs))
> + return;
> }
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> index a401b45cae47..f9f178484184 100644
> --- a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> @@ -133,7 +133,8 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long cause,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> index fd1592a56238..8ba3696dd10c 100644
> --- a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -161,7 +161,8 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> index 355e3e13fa72..163dcb080c7b 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -304,7 +304,8 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long code,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> index 408ee769c470..d321a6c5fe62 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -596,6 +596,8 @@ static int __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> */
> flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
> flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
> + if (is_user && signal_pending(current))
> + return 0;
> if (!fatal_signal_pending(current))
> goto retry;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> index deeb820bd855..ea8f301de65b 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> @@ -111,11 +111,12 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr, flags);
>
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending, try to handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because it
> * would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(tsk))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {

Acked-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> # RISC-V parts

I'm assuming this is going in through some other tree.

> diff --git a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> index 74a77b2bca75..3ad77501deef 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> @@ -480,8 +480,8 @@ static inline vm_fault_t do_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int access)
> * the fault.
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
> - /* No reason to continue if interrupted by SIGKILL. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs))) {
> fault = VM_FAULT_SIGNAL;
> if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
> goto out_up;
> diff --git a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> index becf0be267bb..f620282a37fd 100644
> --- a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> @@ -489,6 +489,10 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
> * have already released it in __lock_page_or_retry
> * in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> +
> + if (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(tsk))
> + return;
> +
> goto retry;
> }
> }
> diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> index 0863f6fdd2c5..9af0c3ad50d6 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> +++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> @@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_sparc_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, int text_fault, int write,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fault_should_check_signal(from_user))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> index a1cba3eef79e..566f05f9040b 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> +++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> @@ -421,7 +421,8 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_sparc64_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER))
> goto exit_exception;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> index bc2756782d64..3c72111f27e9 100644
> --- a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> @@ -76,7 +76,9 @@ int handle_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long ip,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> +
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(is_user))
> goto out_nosemaphore;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> index 60453c892c51..04c193439c97 100644
> --- a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> @@ -246,11 +246,12 @@ static int do_pf(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = __do_pf(mm, addr, fsr, flags, tsk);
>
> - /* If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + /* If we need to retry but a signal is pending, try to handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because
> * it would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in
> * mm/filemap.c. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return 0;
>
> if (!(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY)) {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> index 994c860ac2d8..f7836472961e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> @@ -1451,6 +1451,8 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
> if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
> flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
> flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
> + if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) && signal_pending(tsk))
> + return;
> if (!fatal_signal_pending(tsk))
> goto retry;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> index d2b082908538..094606676c36 100644
> --- a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> @@ -110,7 +110,8 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
> + fault_should_check_signal(user_mode(regs)))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched/signal.h b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> index efd8ce7675ed..ccce63f2822d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> @@ -377,6 +377,18 @@ static inline int signal_pending_state(long state, struct task_struct *p)
> return (state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) || __fatal_signal_pending(p);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * This should only be used in fault handlers to decide whether we
> + * should stop the current fault routine to handle the signals
> + * instead. It should normally be used when a signal interrupted a
> + * page fault which can lead to a VM_FAULT_RETRY.
> + */
> +static inline bool fault_should_check_signal(bool is_user)
> +{
> + return (fatal_signal_pending(current) ||
> + (is_user && signal_pending(current)));
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Reevaluate whether the task has signals pending delivery.
> * Wake the task if so.

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