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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 09/13] x86/cpufeature: Add detection of KVM XO
On Thu, Oct 03, 2019 at 02:23:56PM -0700, Rick Edgecombe wrote:
> Add a new CPUID leaf to hold the contents of CPUID 0x40000030 EAX to
> detect KVM defined generic VMM features.
>
> The leaf was proposed to allow KVM to communicate features that are
> defined by KVM, but available for any VMM to implement.
>
> Add cpu_feature_enabled() support for features in this leaf (KVM XO), and
> a pgtable_kvmxo_enabled() helper similar to pgtable_l5_enabled() so that
> pgtable_kvmxo_enabled() can be used in early code that includes
> arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h.
>
> Lastly, in head64.c detect and this feature and perform necessary
> adjustments to physical_mask.

Can this be exposed to /proc/cpuinfo so a guest userspace can determine
if this feature is enabled?

-Kees

>
> Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 6 ++-
> arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 2 +-
> arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 3 +-
> arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_32_types.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h | 26 ++++++++++++-
> arch/x86/include/asm/required-features.h | 3 +-
> arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h | 4 +-
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 5 +++
> arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++-
> .../arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 3 +-
> 10 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> index 17127ffbc2a2..7d04ea4f1623 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> @@ -82,8 +82,9 @@ extern const char * const x86_bug_flags[NBUGINTS*32];
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \
> + CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 19, feature_bit) || \
> REQUIRED_MASK_CHECK || \
> - BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19))
> + BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20))
>
> #define DISABLED_MASK_BIT_SET(feature_bit) \
> ( CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 0, feature_bit) || \
> @@ -105,8 +106,9 @@ extern const char * const x86_bug_flags[NBUGINTS*32];
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \
> CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \
> + CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 19, feature_bit) || \
> DISABLED_MASK_CHECK || \
> - BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19))
> + BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20))
>
> #define cpu_has(c, bit) \
> (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 1 : \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> index 7ba217e894ea..9c1b07674401 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> @@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
> /*
> * Defines x86 CPU feature bits
> */
> -#define NCAPINTS 19 /* N 32-bit words worth of info */
> +#define NCAPINTS 20 /* N 32-bit words worth of info */
> #define NBUGINTS 1 /* N 32-bit bug flags */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> index a5ea841cc6d2..f0f935f8d917 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> @@ -84,6 +84,7 @@
> #define DISABLED_MASK16 (DISABLE_PKU|DISABLE_OSPKE|DISABLE_LA57|DISABLE_UMIP)
> #define DISABLED_MASK17 0
> #define DISABLED_MASK18 0
> -#define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)
> +#define DISABLED_MASK19 0
> +#define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20)
>
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_DISABLED_FEATURES_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_32_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_32_types.h
> index b0bc0fff5f1f..57a11692715e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_32_types.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_32_types.h
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> #endif
>
> #define pgtable_l5_enabled() 0
> +#define pgtable_kvmxo_enabled() 0
>
> #define PGDIR_SIZE (1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
> #define PGDIR_MASK (~(PGDIR_SIZE - 1))
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
> index 6b55b837ead4..7c7c9d1a199a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
> @@ -43,10 +43,34 @@ static inline bool pgtable_l5_enabled(void)
> extern unsigned int pgdir_shift;
> extern unsigned int ptrs_per_p4d;
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XO
> +extern unsigned int __pgtable_kvmxo_enabled;
> +
> +#ifdef USE_EARLY_PGTABLE
> +/*
> + * cpu_feature_enabled() is not available in early boot code.
> + * Use variable instead.
> + */
> +static inline bool pgtable_kvmxo_enabled(void)
> +{
> + return __pgtable_kvmxo_enabled;
> +}
> +#else
> +#define pgtable_kvmxo_enabled() cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_KVM_XO)
> +#endif /* USE_EARLY_PGTABLE */
> +
> +#else
> +#define pgtable_kvmxo_enabled() 0
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_XO */
> +
> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>
> #define SHARED_KERNEL_PMD 0
>
> +#if defined(CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL) || defined(CONFIG_KVM_XO)
> +#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 52
> +#endif
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
>
> /*
> @@ -64,8 +88,6 @@ extern unsigned int ptrs_per_p4d;
> #define P4D_SIZE (_AC(1, UL) << P4D_SHIFT)
> #define P4D_MASK (~(P4D_SIZE - 1))
>
> -#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 52
> -
> #else /* CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/required-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/required-features.h
> index 6847d85400a8..fa5700097f64 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/required-features.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/required-features.h
> @@ -101,6 +101,7 @@
> #define REQUIRED_MASK16 0
> #define REQUIRED_MASK17 0
> #define REQUIRED_MASK18 0
> -#define REQUIRED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)
> +#define REQUIRED_MASK19 0
> +#define REQUIRED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20)
>
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_REQUIRED_FEATURES_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> index 199218719a86..24b305195369 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> @@ -27,8 +27,8 @@
> # endif
> #else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
> # define SECTION_SIZE_BITS 27 /* matt - 128 is convenient right now */
> -# define MAX_PHYSADDR_BITS (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? 52 : 44)
> -# define MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? 52 : 46)
> +# define MAX_PHYSADDR_BITS ((pgtable_l5_enabled() ? 52 : 44) - !!pgtable_kvmxo_enabled())
> +# define MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS ((pgtable_l5_enabled() ? 52 : 46) - !!pgtable_kvmxo_enabled())
> #endif
>
> #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> index 4f08e164c0b1..ee204aefbcfd 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
> @@ -933,6 +933,11 @@ void get_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
> c->x86_capability[CPUID_D_1_EAX] = eax;
> }
>
> + eax = cpuid_eax(0x40000000);
> + c->extended_cpuid_level = eax;
> + if (c->extended_cpuid_level >= 0x40000030)
> + c->x86_capability[CPUID_4000_0030_EAX] = cpuid_eax(0x40000030);
> +
> /* AMD-defined flags: level 0x80000001 */
> eax = cpuid_eax(0x80000000);
> c->extended_cpuid_level = eax;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
> index 55f5294c3cdf..7091702a7bec 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
> @@ -52,6 +52,11 @@ unsigned int ptrs_per_p4d __ro_after_init = 1;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(ptrs_per_p4d);
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XO
> +unsigned int __pgtable_kvmxo_enabled __ro_after_init;
> +unsigned int __pgtable_kvmxo_bit __ro_after_init;
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_XO */
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_MEMORY_LAYOUT
> unsigned long page_offset_base __ro_after_init = __PAGE_OFFSET_BASE_L4;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_offset_base);
> @@ -73,12 +78,14 @@ static unsigned long __head *fixup_long(void *ptr, unsigned long physaddr)
> return fixup_pointer(ptr, physaddr);
> }
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
> +#if defined(CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL) || defined(CONFIG_KVM_XO)
> static unsigned int __head *fixup_int(void *ptr, unsigned long physaddr)
> {
> return fixup_pointer(ptr, physaddr);
> }
> +#endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
> static bool __head check_la57_support(unsigned long physaddr)
> {
> /*
> @@ -104,6 +111,33 @@ static bool __head check_la57_support(unsigned long physaddr)
> }
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_XO
> +static void __head check_kvmxo_support(unsigned long physaddr)
> +{
> + unsigned long physbits;
> +
> + if ((native_cpuid_eax(0x40000000) < 0x40000030) ||
> + !(native_cpuid_eax(0x40000030) & (1 << (X86_FEATURE_KVM_XO & 31))))
> + return;
> +
> + if (native_cpuid_eax(0x80000000) < 0x80000008)
> + return;
> +
> + physbits = native_cpuid_eax(0x80000008) & 0xff;
> +
> + /*
> + * If KVM XO is active, the top physical address bit is the permisison
> + * bit, so zero it in the mask.
> + */
> + physical_mask &= ~(1UL << physbits);
> +
> + *fixup_int(&__pgtable_kvmxo_enabled, physaddr) = 1;
> + *fixup_int(&__pgtable_kvmxo_bit, physaddr) = physbits;
> +}
> +#else /* CONFIG_KVM_XO */
> +static void __head check_kvmxo_support(unsigned long physaddr) { }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_XO */
> +
> /* Code in __startup_64() can be relocated during execution, but the compiler
> * doesn't have to generate PC-relative relocations when accessing globals from
> * that function. Clang actually does not generate them, which leads to
> @@ -127,6 +161,8 @@ unsigned long __head __startup_64(unsigned long physaddr,
>
> la57 = check_la57_support(physaddr);
>
> + check_kvmxo_support(physaddr);
> +
> /* Is the address too large? */
> if (physaddr >> MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS)
> for (;;);
> diff --git a/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> index a5ea841cc6d2..f0f935f8d917 100644
> --- a/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> +++ b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
> @@ -84,6 +84,7 @@
> #define DISABLED_MASK16 (DISABLE_PKU|DISABLE_OSPKE|DISABLE_LA57|DISABLE_UMIP)
> #define DISABLED_MASK17 0
> #define DISABLED_MASK18 0
> -#define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)
> +#define DISABLED_MASK19 0
> +#define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20)
>
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_DISABLED_FEATURES_H */
> --
> 2.17.1
>

--
Kees Cook

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