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Subject[PATCH v5 10/10] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest
Date
Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.

For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
potentially being updated by the hypervisor.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h | 9 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c | 148 ++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/time.c | 3 +
include/linux/cpuhotplug.h | 1 +
5 files changed, 163 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index c7ac2f3ac99f..346b1c7a4afb 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3083,9 +3083,9 @@
[X86,PV_OPS] Disable paravirtualized VMware scheduler
clock and use the default one.

- no-steal-acc [X86,KVM] Disable paravirtualized steal time accounting.
- steal time is computed, but won't influence scheduler
- behaviour
+ no-steal-acc [X86,KVM,ARM64] Disable paravirtualized steal time
+ accounting. steal time is computed, but won't
+ influence scheduler behaviour

nolapic [X86-32,APIC] Do not enable or use the local APIC.

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
index 799d9dd6f7cc..125c26c42902 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
@@ -21,6 +21,13 @@ static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)
{
return pv_ops.time.steal_clock(cpu);
}
-#endif
+
+int __init kvm_guest_init(void);
+
+#else
+
+#define kvm_guest_init()
+
+#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT

#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
index 4cfed91fe256..5bf3be7ccf7e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -6,13 +6,161 @@
* Author: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
*/

+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "kvmarm-pv: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/psci.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
+
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
+#include <asm/smp_plat.h>

struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;

struct paravirt_patch_template pv_ops;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_ops);
+
+struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region {
+ struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time *kaddr;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region, stolen_time_region);
+
+static bool steal_acc = true;
+static int __init parse_no_stealacc(char *arg)
+{
+ steal_acc = false;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("no-steal-acc", parse_no_stealacc);
+
+/* return stolen time in ns by asking the hypervisor */
+static u64 kvm_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+ struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+ reg = per_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region, cpu);
+ if (!reg->kaddr) {
+ pr_warn_once("stolen time enabled but not configured for cpu %d\n",
+ cpu);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return le64_to_cpu(READ_ONCE(reg->kaddr->stolen_time));
+}
+
+static int disable_stolen_time_current_cpu(void)
+{
+ struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+ reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+ if (!reg->kaddr)
+ return 0;
+
+ memunmap(reg->kaddr);
+ memset(reg, 0, sizeof(*reg));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int stolen_time_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ return disable_stolen_time_current_cpu();
+}
+
+static int init_stolen_time_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+ if ((long)res.a0 < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ reg->kaddr = memremap(res.a0,
+ sizeof(struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time),
+ MEMREMAP_WB);
+
+ if (!reg->kaddr) {
+ pr_warn("Failed to map stolen time data structure\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ if (le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->revision) != 0 ||
+ le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->attributes) != 0) {
+ pr_warn("Unexpected revision or attributes in stolen time data\n");
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int kvm_arm_init_stolen_time(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
+ "hypervisor/kvmarm/pv:starting",
+ init_stolen_time_cpu, stolen_time_dying_cpu);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool has_kvm_steal_clock(void)
+{
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ /* To detect the presence of PV time support we require SMCCC 1.1+ */
+ if (psci_ops.smccc_version < SMCCC_VERSION_1_1)
+ return false;
+
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+ ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_FEATURES, &res);
+
+ if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+ return false;
+
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_FEATURES,
+ ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+ if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+int __init kvm_guest_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!has_kvm_steal_clock())
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = kvm_arm_init_stolen_time();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ pv_ops.time.steal_clock = kvm_steal_clock;
+
+ static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_enabled);
+ if (steal_acc)
+ static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_rq_enabled);
+
+ pr_info("using stolen time PV\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
index 0b2946414dc9..a52aea14c6ec 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@

#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>

unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
@@ -65,4 +66,6 @@ void __init time_init(void)

/* Calibrate the delay loop directly */
lpj_fine = arch_timer_rate / HZ;
+
+ kvm_guest_init();
}
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index 068793a619ca..89d75edb5750 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -136,6 +136,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
/* Must be the last timer callback */
CPUHP_AP_DUMMY_TIMER_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM_XEN_STARTING,
+ CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM64_ISNDEP_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_SMPCFD_DYING,
--
2.20.1
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