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Subject[PATCH 2/4] i2c: at91: implement i2c bus recovery
Date
Implement i2c bus recovery when slaves devices might hold SDA low.
In this case re-assign SCL/SDA to gpios and issue 9 dummy clock pulses
until the slave release SDA.

Signed-off-by: Kamel Bouhara <kamel.bouhara@bootlin.com>
---
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91-master.c | 63 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h | 8 ++++
2 files changed, 71 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91-master.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91-master.c
index a3fcc35ffd3b..df5bb93f952d 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91-master.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91-master.c
@@ -18,11 +18,13 @@
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/platform_data/dma-atmel.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
@@ -768,6 +770,63 @@ static int at91_twi_configure_dma(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, u32 phy_addr)
return ret;
}

+static void at91_prepare_twi_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
+
+ pinctrl_select_state(dev->pinctrl, dev->pinctrl_pins_gpio);
+}
+
+static void at91_unprepare_twi_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
+
+ pinctrl_select_state(dev->pinctrl, dev->pinctrl_pins_default);
+}
+
+static int at91_init_twi_recovery_info(struct platform_device *pdev,
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
+{
+ struct i2c_bus_recovery_info *rinfo = &dev->rinfo;
+
+ dev->pinctrl = devm_pinctrl_get(&pdev->dev);
+ if (!dev->pinctrl || IS_ERR(dev->pinctrl)) {
+ dev_info(dev->dev, "can't get pinctrl, bus recovery not supported\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(dev->pinctrl);
+ }
+
+ dev->pinctrl_pins_default = pinctrl_lookup_state(dev->pinctrl,
+ PINCTRL_STATE_DEFAULT);
+ dev->pinctrl_pins_gpio = pinctrl_lookup_state(dev->pinctrl,
+ "gpio");
+ rinfo->sda_gpiod = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "sda", GPIOD_IN);
+ if (PTR_ERR(rinfo->sda_gpiod) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+
+ rinfo->scl_gpiod = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "scl",
+ GPIOD_OUT_HIGH_OPEN_DRAIN);
+ if (PTR_ERR(rinfo->scl_gpiod) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+
+ if (IS_ERR(rinfo->sda_gpiod) ||
+ IS_ERR(rinfo->scl_gpiod) ||
+ IS_ERR(dev->pinctrl_pins_default) ||
+ IS_ERR(dev->pinctrl_pins_gpio)) {
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev, "recovery information incomplete\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev, "using scl%s for recovery\n",
+ rinfo->sda_gpiod ? ",sda" : "");
+
+ rinfo->prepare_recovery = at91_prepare_twi_recovery;
+ rinfo->unprepare_recovery = at91_unprepare_twi_recovery;
+ rinfo->recover_bus = i2c_generic_scl_recovery;
+ dev->adapter.bus_recovery_info = rinfo;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
int at91_twi_probe_master(struct platform_device *pdev,
u32 phy_addr, struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
{
@@ -795,6 +854,10 @@ int at91_twi_probe_master(struct platform_device *pdev,

at91_calc_twi_clock(dev);

+ rc = at91_init_twi_recovery_info(pdev, dev);
+ if (rc == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ return rc;
+
dev->adapter.algo = &at91_twi_algorithm;
dev->adapter.quirks = &at91_twi_quirks;

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
index 499b506f6128..b89dab55e776 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
@@ -141,6 +141,10 @@ struct at91_twi_dev {
u32 fifo_size;
struct at91_twi_dma dma;
bool slave_detected;
+ struct i2c_bus_recovery_info rinfo;
+ struct pinctrl *pinctrl;
+ struct pinctrl_state *pinctrl_pins_default;
+ struct pinctrl_state *pinctrl_pins_gpio;
#ifdef CONFIG_I2C_AT91_SLAVE_EXPERIMENTAL
unsigned smr;
struct i2c_client *slave;
@@ -158,6 +162,10 @@ void at91_init_twi_bus_master(struct at91_twi_dev *dev);
int at91_twi_probe_master(struct platform_device *pdev, u32 phy_addr,
struct at91_twi_dev *dev);

+void at91_twi_prepare_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
+void at91_twi_unprepare_recovery(struct i2c_adapter *adap);
+void at91_twi_init_recovery_info(struct at91_twi_dev *dev);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_I2C_AT91_SLAVE_EXPERIMENTAL
void at91_init_twi_bus_slave(struct at91_twi_dev *dev);
int at91_twi_probe_slave(struct platform_device *pdev, u32 phy_addr,
--
2.23.0
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