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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] riscv: Add KASAN support
On Wed, Oct 2, 2019 at 8:16 AM Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com> wrote:
>
> This patch ports the feature Kernel Address SANitizer (KASAN).

Hi Nick,

Please also update KASAN documentation to mention that riscv is supported.

Thanks!

>
> Note: The start address of shadow memory is at the beginning of kernel
> space, which is 2^64 - (2^39 / 2) in SV39. The size of the kernel space is
> 2^38 bytes so the size of shadow memory should be 2^38 / 8. Thus, the
> shadow memory would not overlap with the fixmap area.
>
> There are currently two limitations in this port,
>
> 1. RV64 only: KASAN need large address space for extra shadow memory
> region.
>
> 2. KASAN can't debug the modules since the modules are allocated in VMALLOC
> area. We mapped the shadow memory, which corresponding to VMALLOC area, to
> the kasan_early_shadow_page because we don't have enough physical space for
> all the shadow memory corresponding to VMALLOC area.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
> ---
> arch/riscv/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/riscv/include/asm/kasan.h | 27 ++++++++
> arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h | 5 ++
> arch/riscv/include/asm/string.h | 9 +++
> arch/riscv/kernel/head.S | 3 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c | 2 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c | 5 ++
> arch/riscv/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 1 +
> arch/riscv/lib/memcpy.S | 5 +-
> arch/riscv/lib/memset.S | 5 +-
> arch/riscv/mm/Makefile | 6 ++
> arch/riscv/mm/kasan_init.c | 104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 12 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/kasan.h
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/mm/kasan_init.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> index 8eebbc8860bb..ca2fc8ba8550 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> @@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ config RISCV
> select SPARSEMEM_STATIC if 32BIT
> select ARCH_WANT_DEFAULT_TOPDOWN_MMAP_LAYOUT if MMU
> select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
> + select HAVE_ARCH_KASAN if MMU && 64BIT
>
> config ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MIN
> default 18 if 64BIT
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/kasan.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kasan.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..eb9b1a2f641c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/kasan.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/* Copyright (C) 2019 Andes Technology Corporation */
> +
> +#ifndef __ASM_KASAN_H
> +#define __ASM_KASAN_H
> +
> +#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> +
> +#include <asm/pgtable.h>
> +
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT 3
> +
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE (UL(1) << (38 - KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT))
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_START 0xffffffc000000000 // 2^64 - 2^38
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_END (KASAN_SHADOW_START + KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE)
> +
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET (KASAN_SHADOW_END - (1ULL << \
> + (64 - KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT)))
> +
> +void kasan_init(void);
> +asmlinkage void kasan_early_init(void);
> +
> +#endif
> +#endif
> +#endif /* __ASM_KASAN_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
> index 7df8daa66cc8..777a1dddb3df 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-64.h
> @@ -59,6 +59,11 @@ static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud)
> return (unsigned long)pfn_to_virt(pud_val(pud) >> _PAGE_PFN_SHIFT);
> }
>
> +static inline struct page *pud_page(pud_t pud)
> +{
> + return pfn_to_page(pud_val(pud) >> _PAGE_PFN_SHIFT);
> +}
> +
> #define pmd_index(addr) (((addr) >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1))
>
> static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/string.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/string.h
> index 1b5d44585962..a4451f768826 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/string.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/string.h
> @@ -11,8 +11,17 @@
>
> #define __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET
> extern asmlinkage void *memset(void *, int, size_t);
> +extern asmlinkage void *__memset(void *, int, size_t);
>
> #define __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY
> extern asmlinkage void *memcpy(void *, const void *, size_t);
> +extern asmlinkage void *__memcpy(void *, const void *, size_t);
>
> +// For those files which don't want to check by kasan.
> +#if defined(CONFIG_KASAN) && !defined(__SANITIZE_ADDRESS__)
> +
> +#define memcpy(dst, src, len) __memcpy(dst, src, len)
> +#define memset(s, c, n) __memset(s, c, n)
> +
> +#endif
> #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_STRING_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> index 72f89b7590dd..95eca23cd811 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
> @@ -102,6 +102,9 @@ clear_bss_done:
> sw zero, TASK_TI_CPU(tp)
> la sp, init_thread_union + THREAD_SIZE
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> + call kasan_early_init
> +#endif
> /* Start the kernel */
> call parse_dtb
> tail start_kernel
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
> index 4800cf703186..376bba7f65ce 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
> @@ -14,3 +14,5 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asm_copy_to_user);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asm_copy_from_user);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(memset);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(memcpy);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(__memset);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(__memcpy);
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
> index a990a6cb184f..41f7eae9bc4d 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
> #include <asm/smp.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> #include <asm/thread_info.h>
> +#include <asm/kasan.h>
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DUMMY_CONSOLE
> struct screen_info screen_info = {
> @@ -70,6 +71,10 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
> swiotlb_init(1);
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> + kasan_init();
> +#endif
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> setup_smp();
> #endif
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> index 23cd1a9e52a1..97009803ba9f 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ SECTIONS
> KPROBES_TEXT
> ENTRY_TEXT
> IRQENTRY_TEXT
> + SOFTIRQENTRY_TEXT
> *(.fixup)
> _etext = .;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/lib/memcpy.S b/arch/riscv/lib/memcpy.S
> index b4c477846e91..51ab716253fa 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/lib/memcpy.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/lib/memcpy.S
> @@ -7,7 +7,8 @@
> #include <asm/asm.h>
>
> /* void *memcpy(void *, const void *, size_t) */
> -ENTRY(memcpy)
> +ENTRY(__memcpy)
> +WEAK(memcpy)
> move t6, a0 /* Preserve return value */
>
> /* Defer to byte-oriented copy for small sizes */
> @@ -104,4 +105,4 @@ ENTRY(memcpy)
> bltu a1, a3, 5b
> 6:
> ret
> -END(memcpy)
> +END(__memcpy)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/lib/memset.S b/arch/riscv/lib/memset.S
> index 5a7386b47175..34c5360c6705 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/lib/memset.S
> +++ b/arch/riscv/lib/memset.S
> @@ -8,7 +8,8 @@
> #include <asm/asm.h>
>
> /* void *memset(void *, int, size_t) */
> -ENTRY(memset)
> +ENTRY(__memset)
> +WEAK(memset)
> move t0, a0 /* Preserve return value */
>
> /* Defer to byte-oriented fill for small sizes */
> @@ -109,4 +110,4 @@ ENTRY(memset)
> bltu t0, a3, 5b
> 6:
> ret
> -END(memset)
> +END(__memset)
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/Makefile b/arch/riscv/mm/Makefile
> index 9d9a17335686..b8a8ca71f86e 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/mm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/riscv/mm/Makefile
> @@ -17,3 +17,9 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_MMU),y)
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += tlbflush.o
> endif
> obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE) += hugetlbpage.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KASAN) += kasan_init.o
> +
> +ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> +KASAN_SANITIZE_kasan_init.o := n
> +KASAN_SANITIZE_init.o := n
> +endif
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/kasan_init.c b/arch/riscv/mm/kasan_init.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c3152768cdbe
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/riscv/mm/kasan_init.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,104 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +// Copyright (C) 2019 Andes Technology Corporation
> +
> +#include <linux/pfn.h>
> +#include <linux/init_task.h>
> +#include <linux/kasan.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/memblock.h>
> +#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> +#include <asm/pgtable.h>
> +#include <asm/fixmap.h>
> +
> +extern pgd_t early_pg_dir[PTRS_PER_PGD];
> +asmlinkage void __init kasan_early_init(void)
> +{
> + uintptr_t i;
> + pgd_t *pgd = early_pg_dir + pgd_index(KASAN_SHADOW_START);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; ++i)
> + set_pte(kasan_early_shadow_pte + i,
> + mk_pte(virt_to_page(kasan_early_shadow_page),
> + PAGE_KERNEL));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; ++i)
> + set_pmd(kasan_early_shadow_pmd + i,
> + pfn_pmd(PFN_DOWN(__pa((uintptr_t)kasan_early_shadow_pte)),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_TABLE)));
> +
> + for (i = KASAN_SHADOW_START; i < KASAN_SHADOW_END;
> + i += PGDIR_SIZE, ++pgd)
> + set_pgd(pgd,
> + pfn_pgd(PFN_DOWN(__pa(((uintptr_t)kasan_early_shadow_pmd))),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_TABLE)));
> +
> + // init for swapper_pg_dir
> + pgd = pgd_offset_k(KASAN_SHADOW_START);
> +
> + for (i = KASAN_SHADOW_START; i < KASAN_SHADOW_END;
> + i += PGDIR_SIZE, ++pgd)
> + set_pgd(pgd,
> + pfn_pgd(PFN_DOWN(__pa(((uintptr_t)kasan_early_shadow_pmd))),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_TABLE)));
> +
> + flush_tlb_all();
> +}
> +
> +static void __init populate(void *start, void *end)
> +{
> + unsigned long i;
> + unsigned long vaddr = (unsigned long)start & PAGE_MASK;
> + unsigned long vend = PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)end);
> + unsigned long n_pages = (vend - vaddr) / PAGE_SIZE;
> + unsigned long n_pmds =
> + (n_pages % PTRS_PER_PTE) ? n_pages / PTRS_PER_PTE + 1 :
> + n_pages / PTRS_PER_PTE;
> + pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(vaddr);
> + pmd_t *pmd = memblock_alloc(n_pmds * sizeof(pmd_t), PAGE_SIZE);
> + pte_t *pte = memblock_alloc(n_pages * sizeof(pte_t), PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < n_pages; i++) {
> + phys_addr_t phys = memblock_phys_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> + set_pte(pte + i, pfn_pte(PHYS_PFN(phys), PAGE_KERNEL));
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < n_pages; ++pmd, i += PTRS_PER_PTE)
> + set_pmd(pmd, pfn_pmd(PFN_DOWN(__pa((uintptr_t)(pte + i))),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_TABLE)));
> +
> + for (i = vaddr; i < vend; i += PGDIR_SIZE, ++pgd)
> + set_pgd(pgd, pfn_pgd(PFN_DOWN(__pa(((uintptr_t)pmd))),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_TABLE)));
> +
> + flush_tlb_all();
> + memset(start, 0, end - start);
> +}
> +
> +void __init kasan_init(void)
> +{
> + struct memblock_region *reg;
> + unsigned long i;
> +
> + kasan_populate_early_shadow((void *)KASAN_SHADOW_START,
> + (void *)kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)VMALLOC_END));
> +
> + for_each_memblock(memory, reg) {
> + void *start = (void *)__va(reg->base);
> + void *end = (void *)__va(reg->base + reg->size);
> +
> + if (start >= end)
> + break;
> +
> + populate(kasan_mem_to_shadow(start),
> + kasan_mem_to_shadow(end));
> + };
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++)
> + set_pte(&kasan_early_shadow_pte[i],
> + mk_pte(virt_to_page(kasan_early_shadow_page),
> + __pgprot(_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_READ | _PAGE_ACCESSED)));
> +
> + memset(kasan_early_shadow_page, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
> + init_task.kasan_depth = 0;
> +}
> --
> 2.17.0
>
> --
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