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Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 8/9] doc: Update list_for_each_entry_rcu() documentation
From: "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <>

This commit updates the documentation with information about
usage of lockdep with list_for_each_entry_rcu().

Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <>
[ paulmck: Wordsmithing. ]
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <>
Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt | 18 ++++++++++++++----
Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt | 10 +++++++++-
2 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt b/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
index da51d30..89db949e 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
@@ -96,7 +96,17 @@ other flavors of rcu_dereference(). On the other hand, it is illegal
to use rcu_dereference_protected() if either the RCU-protected pointer
or the RCU-protected data that it points to can change concurrently.

-There are currently only "universal" versions of the rcu_assign_pointer()
-and RCU list-/tree-traversal primitives, which do not (yet) check for
-being in an RCU read-side critical section. In the future, separate
-versions of these primitives might be created.
+Like rcu_dereference(), when lockdep is enabled, RCU list and hlist
+traversal primitives check for being called from within an RCU read-side
+critical section. However, a lockdep expression can be passed to them
+as a additional optional argument. With this lockdep expression, these
+traversal primitives will complain only if the lockdep expression is
+false and they are called from outside any RCU read-side critical section.
+For example, the workqueue for_each_pwq() macro is intended to be used
+either within an RCU read-side critical section or with wq->mutex held.
+It is thus implemented as follows:
+ #define for_each_pwq(pwq, wq)
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu((pwq), &(wq)->pwqs, pwqs_node,
+ lock_is_held(&(wq->mutex).dep_map))
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
index 17f4831..58ba05c 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
@@ -290,7 +290,7 @@ rcu_dereference()
at any time, including immediately after the rcu_dereference().
And, again like rcu_assign_pointer(), rcu_dereference() is
typically used indirectly, via the _rcu list-manipulation
- primitives, such as list_for_each_entry_rcu().
+ primitives, such as list_for_each_entry_rcu() [2].

[1] The variant rcu_dereference_protected() can be used outside
of an RCU read-side critical section as long as the usage is
@@ -305,6 +305,14 @@ rcu_dereference()
a lockdep splat is emitted. See Documentation/RCU/Design/Requirements/Requirements.rst
and the API's code comments for more details and example usage.

+ [2] If the list_for_each_entry_rcu() instance might be used by
+ update-side code as well as by RCU readers, then an additional
+ lockdep expression can be added to its list of arguments.
+ For example, given an additional "lock_is_held(&mylock)" argument,
+ the RCU lockdep code would complain only if this instance was
+ invoked outside of an RCU read-side critical section and without
+ the protection of mylock.
The following diagram shows how each API communicates among the
reader, updater, and reclaimer.

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