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Subject[PATCH 4.19 058/114] netfilter: nf_tables: allow lookups in dynamic sets
From: Florian Westphal <>

[ Upstream commit acab713177377d9e0889c46bac7ff0cfb9a90c4d ]

This un-breaks lookups in sets that have the 'dynamic' flag set.
Given this active example configuration:

table filter {
set set1 {
type ipv4_addr
size 64
flags dynamic,timeout
timeout 1m

chain input {
type filter hook input priority 0; policy accept;

... this works:
nft add rule ip filter input add @set1 { ip saddr }

-> whenever rule is triggered, the source ip address is inserted
into the set (if it did not exist).

This won't work:
nft add rule ip filter input ip saddr @set1 counter
Error: Could not process rule: Operation not supported

In other words, we can add entries to the set, but then can't make
matching decision based on that set.

That is just wrong -- all set backends support lookups (else they would
not be very useful).
The failure comes from an explicit rejection in nft_lookup.c.

Looking at the history, it seems like NFT_SET_EVAL used to mean
'set contains expressions' (aka. "is a meter"), for instance something like

nft add rule ip filter input meter example { ip saddr limit rate 10/second }
nft add rule ip filter input meter example { ip saddr counter }

The actual meaning of NFT_SET_EVAL however, is
'set can be updated from the packet path'.

'meters' and packet-path insertions into sets, such as
'add @set { ip saddr }' use exactly the same kernel code (nft_dynset.c)
and thus require a set backend that provides the ->update() function.

The only set that provides this also is the only one that has the
NFT_SET_EVAL feature flag.

Removing the wrong check makes the above example work.
While at it, also fix the flag check during set instantiation to
allow supported combinations only.

Fixes: 8aeff920dcc9b3f ("netfilter: nf_tables: add stateful object reference to set elements")
Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c | 7 +++++--
net/netfilter/nft_lookup.c | 3 ---
2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
index 2145581d7b3dc..24fddf0322790 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c
@@ -3429,8 +3429,11 @@ static int nf_tables_newset(struct net *net, struct sock *nlsk,
return -EINVAL;
/* Only one of these operations is supported */
- if ((flags & (NFT_SET_MAP | NFT_SET_EVAL | NFT_SET_OBJECT)) ==
+ if ((flags & (NFT_SET_MAP | NFT_SET_OBJECT)) ==
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ if ((flags & (NFT_SET_EVAL | NFT_SET_OBJECT)) ==

diff --git a/net/netfilter/nft_lookup.c b/net/netfilter/nft_lookup.c
index 161c3451a747a..55754d9939b50 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nft_lookup.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nft_lookup.c
@@ -76,9 +76,6 @@ static int nft_lookup_init(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
if (IS_ERR(set))
return PTR_ERR(set);

- if (set->flags & NFT_SET_EVAL)
- return -EOPNOTSUPP;
priv->sreg = nft_parse_register(tb[NFTA_LOOKUP_SREG]);
err = nft_validate_register_load(priv->sreg, set->klen);
if (err < 0)

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