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Subject[PATCH 4.19 072/114] sched/core: Fix migration to invalid CPU in __set_cpus_allowed_ptr()
From: KeMeng Shi <>

[ Upstream commit 714e501e16cd473538b609b3e351b2cc9f7f09ed ]

An oops can be triggered in the scheduler when running qemu on arm64:

Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address ffff000008effe40
Internal error: Oops: 96000007 [#1] SMP
Process migration/0 (pid: 12, stack limit = 0x00000000084e3736)
pstate: 20000085 (nzCv daIf -PAN -UAO)
pc : __ll_sc___cmpxchg_case_acq_4+0x4/0x20
lr : move_queued_task.isra.21+0x124/0x298
Call trace:

__set_cpus_allowed_ptr() will choose an active dest_cpu in affinity mask to
migrage the process if process is not currently running on any one of the
CPUs specified in affinity mask. __set_cpus_allowed_ptr() will choose an
invalid dest_cpu (dest_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids, 1024 in my virtual machine) if
CPUS in an affinity mask are deactived by cpu_down after cpumask_intersects
check. cpumask_test_cpu() of dest_cpu afterwards is overflown and may pass if
corresponding bit is coincidentally set. As a consequence, kernel will
access an invalid rq address associate with the invalid CPU in
migration_cpu_stop->__migrate_task->move_queued_task and the Oops occurs.

The reproduce the crash:

1) A process repeatedly binds itself to cpu0 and cpu1 in turn by calling

2) A shell script repeatedly does "echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online"
and "echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online" in turn.

3) Oops appears if the invalid CPU is set in memory after tested cpumask.

Signed-off-by: KeMeng Shi <>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
Reviewed-by: Valentin Schneider <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
kernel/sched/core.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index f4e050681ba1c..78ecdfae25b69 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1077,7 +1077,8 @@ static int __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p,
if (cpumask_equal(&p->cpus_allowed, new_mask))
goto out;

- if (!cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_valid_mask)) {
+ dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpu_valid_mask, new_mask);
+ if (dest_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out;
@@ -1098,7 +1099,6 @@ static int __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p,
if (cpumask_test_cpu(task_cpu(p), new_mask))
goto out;

- dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpu_valid_mask, new_mask);
if (task_running(rq, p) || p->state == TASK_WAKING) {
struct migration_arg arg = { p, dest_cpu };
/* Need help from migration thread: drop lock and wait. */

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