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Subject[PATCH v4 2/2] RISC-V: Implement sparsemem
This patch implements sparsemem support for risc-v which helps pave the
way for memory hotplug and eventually P2P support.

We introduce Kconfig options for virtual and physical address bits which
are used to calculate the size of the vmemmap and set the
MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS.

The vmemmap is located directly before the VMALLOC region and sized
such that we can allocate enough pages to populate all the virtual
address space in the system (similar to the way it's done in arm64).

During initialization, call memblocks_present() and sparse_init(),
and provide a stub for vmemmap_populate() (all of which is similar to
arm64).

Signed-off-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Reviewed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Andrew Waterman <andrew@sifive.com>
Cc: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>
Cc: Michael Clark <michaeljclark@mac.com>
Cc: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Cc: Zong Li <zong@andestech.com>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h | 21 +++++++++++++++++----
arch/riscv/include/asm/sparsemem.h | 11 +++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c | 4 +++-
arch/riscv/mm/init.c | 8 ++++++++
5 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/sparsemem.h

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index e0d7d61779a6..bd659327bc6b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -54,12 +54,32 @@ config ZONE_DMA32
bool
default y if 64BIT

+config VA_BITS
+ int
+ default 32 if 32BIT
+ default 39 if 64BIT
+
+config PA_BITS
+ int
+ default 34 if 32BIT
+ default 56 if 64BIT
+
config PAGE_OFFSET
hex
default 0xC0000000 if 32BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
default 0xffffffff80000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
default 0xffffffe000000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_128GB

+config ARCH_FLATMEM_ENABLE
+ def_bool y
+
+config ARCH_SPARSEMEM_ENABLE
+ def_bool y
+ select SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP_ENABLE
+
+config ARCH_SELECT_MEMORY_MODEL
+ def_bool ARCH_SPARSEMEM_ENABLE
+
config STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
def_bool y

@@ -94,6 +114,9 @@ config PGTABLE_LEVELS
config HAVE_KPROBES
def_bool n

+config HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID
+ def_bool y
+
menu "Platform type"

choice
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 16301966d65b..e1162336f5ea 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -89,6 +89,23 @@ extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[];
#define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC
#define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC

+#define VMALLOC_SIZE (KERN_VIRT_SIZE >> 1)
+#define VMALLOC_END (PAGE_OFFSET - 1)
+#define VMALLOC_START (PAGE_OFFSET - VMALLOC_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * Roughly size the vmemmap space to be large enough to fit enough
+ * struct pages to map half the virtual address space. Then
+ * position vmemmap directly below the VMALLOC region.
+ */
+#define VMEMMAP_SHIFT \
+ (CONFIG_VA_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT - 1 + STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT)
+#define VMEMMAP_SIZE (1UL << VMEMMAP_SHIFT)
+#define VMEMMAP_END (VMALLOC_START - 1)
+#define VMEMMAP_START (VMALLOC_START - VMEMMAP_SIZE)
+
+#define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START)
+
/*
* ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero,
* used for zero-mapped memory areas, etc.
@@ -411,10 +428,6 @@ static inline void pgtable_cache_init(void)
/* No page table caches to initialize */
}

-#define VMALLOC_SIZE (KERN_VIRT_SIZE >> 1)
-#define VMALLOC_END (PAGE_OFFSET - 1)
-#define VMALLOC_START (PAGE_OFFSET - VMALLOC_SIZE)
-
/*
* Task size is 0x40000000000 for RV64 or 0xb800000 for RV32.
* Note that PGDIR_SIZE must evenly divide TASK_SIZE.
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/sparsemem.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/sparsemem.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b58ba2d9ed6e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/sparsemem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_SPARSEMEM_H
+#define __ASM_SPARSEMEM_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
+#define MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS CONFIG_PA_BITS
+#define SECTION_SIZE_BITS 27
+#endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
+
+#endif /* __ASM_SPARSEMEM_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
index fc8006a042eb..98f39adefb1a 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/setup.c
@@ -193,6 +193,9 @@ static void __init setup_bootmem(void)
PFN_PHYS(end_pfn - start_pfn),
&memblock.memory, 0);
}
+
+ memblocks_present();
+ sparse_init();
}

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
@@ -224,4 +227,3 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)

riscv_fill_hwcap();
}
-
diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/init.c b/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
index 1d9bfaff60bc..09568d5bc5b8 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/mm/init.c
@@ -69,3 +69,11 @@ void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
+int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
+ struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+ return vmemmap_populate_basepages(start, end, node);
+}
+#endif
--
2.19.0
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