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SubjectRe: [PATCH 22/22] x86/fpu: Defer FPU state load until return to userspace
On Wed, Jan 09, 2019 at 12:47:44PM +0100, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior wrote:
> From: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
>
> Defer loading of FPU state until return to userspace. This gives
> the kernel the potential to skip loading FPU state for tasks that
> stay in kernel mode, or for tasks that end up with repeated
> invocations of kernel_fpu_begin() & kernel_fpu_end().

s/&/and/

> The __fpregs_changes_{begin|end}() section ensures that the register

registers - please check all your commit messages and code comments for
usage of singular "register" where the plural "registers" is supposed to
be. There are a couple of places.

> remain unchanged. Otherwise a context switch or a BH could save the

s/BH/bottom half/

> registers to its FPU context and processor's FPU register would became

"become"

> random if beeing modified at the same time.
>
> KVM swaps the host/guest register on entry/exit path. I kept the flow as

Passive: "The flow has been kept."

> is. First it ensures that the registers are loaded and then saves the
> current (host) state before it loads the guest's register. The swap is
> done at the very end with disabled interrupts so it should not change
> anymore before theg guest is entered. The read/save version seems to be
> cheaper compared to memcpy() in a micro benchmark.
>
> Each thread gets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD set as part of fork() / fpu__copy().
> For kernel threads, this flag gets never cleared which avoids saving /
> restoring the FPU state for kernel threads and during in-kernel usage of
> the FPU register.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
> ---
> arch/x86/entry/common.c | 8 +++
> arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h | 22 +++++-
> arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h | 27 +++++---
> arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h | 5 +-
> arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c | 104 +++++++++++++++++++++-------
> arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c | 46 +++++++-----
> arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 2 +-
> arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c | 5 +-
> arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 5 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 20 ++++--
> 10 files changed, 179 insertions(+), 65 deletions(-)

Needs checkpatch fixing:

WARNING: 'beeing' may be misspelled - perhaps 'being'?
#29:
random if beeing modified at the same time.

WARNING: braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks
#282: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:149:
+ if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) {
+ copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
+ }

WARNING: please, no spaces at the start of a line
#391: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:375:
+ struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu;$

WARNING: please, no spaces at the start of a line
#393: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:377:
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))$

WARNING: suspect code indent for conditional statements (7, 15)
#393: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:377:
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
+ return;

ERROR: code indent should use tabs where possible
#394: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:378:
+ return;$

WARNING: please, no spaces at the start of a line
#394: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:378:
+ return;$

WARNING: please, no spaces at the start of a line
#395: FILE: arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c:379:
+ WARN_ON_FPU(!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id()));$

total: 1 errors, 7 warnings, 499 lines checked

Also, this patch could use some splitting for easier review, like adding
the helpers in a pre-patch and then wiring in all the logic in another,
for example.

> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/common.c b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
> index 7bc105f47d21a..13e8e29af6ab7 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/entry/common.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
> #include <asm/vdso.h>
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
> +#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
>
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> #include <trace/events/syscalls.h>
> @@ -196,6 +197,13 @@ __visible inline void prepare_exit_to_usermode(struct pt_regs *regs)
> if (unlikely(cached_flags & EXIT_TO_USERMODE_LOOP_FLAGS))
> exit_to_usermode_loop(regs, cached_flags);
>
> + /* Reload ti->flags; we may have rescheduled above. */
> + cached_flags = READ_ONCE(ti->flags);
> +
> + fpregs_assert_state_consistent();

So this one already tests TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD when the kernel has been
built with CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU=y.

I guess we can remove that CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU around it and run it
unconditionally. And then make it return the test result so that you
don't have to run the same test again on cached_flags, or ?

> + if (unlikely(cached_flags & _TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
> + switch_fpu_return();

And looking at the code, the consistency check and the potential loading
of FPU registers in switch_fpu_return() belong together so they're kinda
begging to be a single function...?

> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
> /*
> * Compat syscalls set TS_COMPAT. Make sure we clear it before
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h
> index 31b66af8eb914..c17620af5d797 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h
> @@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
>
> #ifndef _ASM_X86_FPU_API_H
> #define _ASM_X86_FPU_API_H
> -#include <linux/preempt.h>
> +#include <linux/bottom_half.h>
>
> /*
> * Use kernel_fpu_begin/end() if you intend to use FPU in kernel context. It
> @@ -22,17 +22,37 @@
> extern void kernel_fpu_begin(void);
> extern void kernel_fpu_end(void);
> extern bool irq_fpu_usable(void);
> +extern void fpregs_mark_activate(void);
>
> +/*
> + * Use __fpregs_changes_begin() while editing CPU's FPU registers or fpu->state.
> + * A context switch will (and softirq might) save CPU's FPU register to
> + * fpu->state and set TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD leaving CPU's FPU registers in a random
> + * state.
> + */
> static inline void __fpregs_changes_begin(void)
> {
> preempt_disable();
> + local_bh_disable();
> }
>
> static inline void __fpregs_changes_end(void)
> {
> + local_bh_enable();
> preempt_enable();
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU
> +extern void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void);
> +#else
> +static inline void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void) { }
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * Load the task FPU state before returning to userspace.
> + */
> +extern void switch_fpu_return(void);
> +
> /*
> * Query the presence of one or more xfeatures. Works on any legacy CPU as well.
> *
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
> index 672e51bc0e9b5..61627f8cb3ff4 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h
> @@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ extern void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu);
> extern void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu);
> extern int fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, int ia32_frame);
> extern void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu);
> -extern int fpu__copy(struct fpu *dst_fpu, struct fpu *src_fpu);
> +extern int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src);
> extern void fpu__clear(struct fpu *fpu);
> extern int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr);
> extern int dump_fpu(struct pt_regs *ptregs, struct user_i387_struct *fpstate);
> @@ -482,13 +482,20 @@ static inline void fpregs_activate(struct fpu *fpu)
> trace_x86_fpu_regs_activated(fpu);
> }
>
> -static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(struct fpu *fpu, int cpu)
> +static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(void)
> {
> + struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu;
> + int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->mm == NULL))

!current->mm

is what we do with NULL checks.

> + return;
> +
> if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, cpu)) {
> - if (current->mm)
> - copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
> + copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
> fpregs_activate(fpu);
> + fpu->last_cpu = cpu;
> }
> + clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -499,8 +506,8 @@ static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(struct fpu *fpu, int cpu)
> * - switch_fpu_prepare() saves the old state.
> * This is done within the context of the old process.
> *
> - * - switch_fpu_finish() restores the new state as
> - * necessary.
> + * - switch_fpu_finish() sets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD; the floating point state
> + * will get loaded on return to userspace, or when the kernel needs it.
> */
> static inline void
> switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu)
> @@ -521,10 +528,10 @@ switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu)
> */
>
> /*
> - * Set up the userspace FPU context for the new task, if the task
> - * has used the FPU.
> + * Load PKRU from the FPU context if available. Delay loading the loading of the

"loading the loading"?

> + * complete FPU state until the return to userland.
> */
> -static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu, int cpu)
> +static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu)
> {
> struct pkru_state *pk;
> u32 pkru_val = 0;
> @@ -532,7 +539,7 @@ static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu, int cpu)
> if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU))
> return;
>
> - __fpregs_load_activate(new_fpu, cpu);
> + set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
>
> if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE))
> return;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
> index bd65f6ba950f8..91a1422091ceb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
> @@ -13,19 +13,22 @@ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_fpu,
>
> TP_STRUCT__entry(
> __field(struct fpu *, fpu)
> + __field(bool, load_fpu)

Yeah, I don't think you can do this.

> __field(u64, xfeatures)
> __field(u64, xcomp_bv)
> ),
>
> TP_fast_assign(
> __entry->fpu = fpu;
> + __entry->load_fpu = test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
> if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSXSAVE)) {
> __entry->xfeatures = fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures;
> __entry->xcomp_bv = fpu->state.xsave.header.xcomp_bv;
> }
> ),
> - TP_printk("x86/fpu: %p xfeatures: %llx xcomp_bv: %llx",
> + TP_printk("x86/fpu: %p load: %d xfeatures: %llx xcomp_bv: %llx",
> __entry->fpu,
> + __entry->load_fpu,
> __entry->xfeatures,
> __entry->xcomp_bv
> )
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
> index 78d8037635932..f52e687dff9ee 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
> @@ -102,23 +102,20 @@ static void __kernel_fpu_begin(void)
> kernel_fpu_disable();
>
> if (current->mm) {
> - /*
> - * Ignore return value -- we don't care if reg state
> - * is clobbered.
> - */
> - copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu);
> - } else {
> - __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state();
> + if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) {
> + set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);

test_and_set_thread_flag ?

> + /*
> + * Ignore return value -- we don't care if reg state
> + * is clobbered.
> + */
> + copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu);
> + }
> }
> + __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state();
> }
>
> static void __kernel_fpu_end(void)
> {
> - struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu;
> -
> - if (current->mm)
> - copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
> -
> kernel_fpu_enable();
> }
>
> @@ -145,14 +142,16 @@ void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu)
> {
> WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu);
>
> - preempt_disable();
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();
> trace_x86_fpu_before_save(fpu);
>
> - if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) {
> - copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
> + if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) {
> + if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) {
> + copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state);
> + }
> }
> trace_x86_fpu_after_save(fpu);
> - preempt_enable();
> + __fpregs_changes_end();
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpu__save);
>
> @@ -185,8 +184,11 @@ void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpstate_init);
>
> -int fpu__copy(struct fpu *dst_fpu, struct fpu *src_fpu)
> +int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)
> {
> + struct fpu *dst_fpu = &dst->thread.fpu;
> + struct fpu *src_fpu = &src->thread.fpu;
> +
> dst_fpu->last_cpu = -1;
>
> if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU))
> @@ -201,16 +203,23 @@ int fpu__copy(struct fpu *dst_fpu, struct fpu *src_fpu)
> memset(&dst_fpu->state.xsave, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size);
>
> /*
> - * Save current FPU registers directly into the child
> - * FPU context, without any memory-to-memory copying.
> + * If the FPU registers are not current just memcpy() the state.
> + * Otherwise save current FPU registers directly into the child's FPU
> + * context, without any memory-to-memory copying.
> *
> * ( The function 'fails' in the FNSAVE case, which destroys
> - * register contents so we have to copy them back. )
> + * register contents so we have to load them back. )
> */
> - if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(dst_fpu)) {
> - memcpy(&src_fpu->state, &dst_fpu->state, fpu_kernel_xstate_size);
> - copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&src_fpu->state);
> - }
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();
> + if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
> + memcpy(&dst_fpu->state, &src_fpu->state, fpu_kernel_xstate_size);
> +

Superfluous newline.

> + else if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(dst_fpu))
> + copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&dst_fpu->state);
> +
> + __fpregs_changes_end();
> +
> + set_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
>
> trace_x86_fpu_copy_src(src_fpu);
> trace_x86_fpu_copy_dst(dst_fpu);
> @@ -226,10 +235,9 @@ static void fpu__initialize(struct fpu *fpu)
> {
> WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu);
>
> + set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
> fpstate_init(&fpu->state);
> trace_x86_fpu_init_state(fpu);
> -
> - trace_x86_fpu_activate_state(fpu);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -308,6 +316,8 @@ void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu)
> */
> static inline void copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(void)
> {
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();
> +
> if (use_xsave())
> copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, -1);
> else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR))
> @@ -317,6 +327,9 @@ static inline void copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(void)
>
> if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE))
> copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs();
> +
> + fpregs_mark_activate();
> + __fpregs_changes_end();
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -339,6 +352,45 @@ void fpu__clear(struct fpu *fpu)
> copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs();
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Load FPU context before returning to userspace.
> + */
> +void switch_fpu_return(void)
> +{
> + if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU))
> + return;
> +
> + __fpregs_load_activate();
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(switch_fpu_return);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU
> +/*
> + * If current FPU state according to its tracking (loaded FPU ctx on this CPU)
> + * is not valid then we must have TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD set so the context is loaded on
> + * return to userland.
> + */
> +void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void)
> +{
> + struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu;
> +
> + if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
> + return;
> + WARN_ON_FPU(!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id()));
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_assert_state_consistent);
> +#endif
> +
> +void fpregs_mark_activate(void)
> +{
> + struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu;
> +
> + fpregs_activate(fpu);
> + fpu->last_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> + clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_mark_activate);
> +
> /*
> * x87 math exception handling:
> */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
> index a17e75fa1a0a6..61a03a34a7304 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
> @@ -230,11 +230,9 @@ static int __fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, void __user *buf_fx, int size)
> struct fpu *fpu = &tsk->thread.fpu;
> int state_size = fpu_kernel_xstate_size;
> struct user_i387_ia32_struct env;
> - union fpregs_state *state;
> u64 xfeatures = 0;
> int fx_only = 0;
> int ret = 0;
> - void *tmp;
>
> ia32_fxstate &= (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32) ||
> IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION));
> @@ -269,14 +267,18 @@ static int __fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, void __user *buf_fx, int size)
> }
> }
>
> - tmp = kzalloc(sizeof(*state) + fpu_kernel_xstate_size + 64, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!tmp)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> - state = PTR_ALIGN(tmp, 64);
> + /*
> + * The current state of the FPU registers does not matter. By setting
> + * TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD unconditionally it is ensured that the our xstate

our xstate? You mean the xstate copy in memory I think...

> + * is not modified on context switch and that the xstate is considered
> + * to loaded again on return to userland (overriding last_cpu avoids the
> + * optimisation).
> + */
> + set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD);
> + __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(fpu);
>
> if ((unsigned long)buf_fx % 64)
> fx_only = 1;
> -
> /*
> * For 32-bit frames with fxstate, copy the fxstate so it can be
> * reconstructed later.
> @@ -292,43 +294,51 @@ static int __fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, void __user *buf_fx, int size)
> u64 init_bv = xfeatures_mask & ~xfeatures;
>
> if (using_compacted_format()) {
> - ret = copy_user_to_xstate(&state->xsave, buf_fx);
> + ret = copy_user_to_xstate(&fpu->state.xsave, buf_fx);
> } else {
> - ret = __copy_from_user(&state->xsave, buf_fx, state_size);
> + ret = __copy_from_user(&fpu->state.xsave, buf_fx, state_size);
>
> if (!ret && state_size > offsetof(struct xregs_state, header))
> - ret = validate_xstate_header(&state->xsave.header);
> + ret = validate_xstate_header(&fpu->state.xsave.header);
> }
> if (ret)
> goto err_out;
>
> - sanitize_restored_xstate(state, envp, xfeatures, fx_only);
> + sanitize_restored_xstate(&fpu->state, envp, xfeatures, fx_only);
>
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();
> if (unlikely(init_bv))
> copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, init_bv);
> - ret = copy_users_to_xregs(&state->xsave, xfeatures);
> + ret = copy_users_to_xregs(&fpu->state.xsave, xfeatures);
>
> } else if (use_fxsr()) {
> - ret = __copy_from_user(&state->fxsave, buf_fx, state_size);
> - if (ret)
> + ret = __copy_from_user(&fpu->state.fxsave, buf_fx, state_size);
> + if (ret) {
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> goto err_out;
> + }
>
> - sanitize_restored_xstate(state, envp, xfeatures, fx_only);
> + sanitize_restored_xstate(&fpu->state, envp, xfeatures, fx_only);
> +
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();
> if (use_xsave()) {
> u64 init_bv = xfeatures_mask & ~XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE;
> copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, init_bv);
> }
>
> - ret = copy_users_to_fxregs(&state->fxsave);
> + ret = copy_users_to_fxregs(&fpu->state.fxsave);
> } else {
> - ret = __copy_from_user(&state->fsave, buf_fx, state_size);
> + ret = __copy_from_user(&fpu->state.fsave, buf_fx, state_size);
> if (ret)
> goto err_out;
> + __fpregs_changes_begin();

Eww, each branch is doing __fpregs_changes_begin() and we do
__fpregs_changes_end() once at the end. Had to open eyes wider here :)

> ret = copy_users_to_fregs(buf_fx);
> }
> + if (!ret)
> + fpregs_mark_activate();
> + __fpregs_changes_end();
>
> err_out:
> - kfree(tmp);
> if (ret)
> fpu__clear(fpu);
> return ret;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> index 90ae0ca510837..2e38a14fdbd3f 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> @@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ int arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)
> dst->thread.vm86 = NULL;
> #endif
>
> - return fpu__copy(&dst->thread.fpu, &src->thread.fpu);
> + return fpu__copy(dst, src);
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> index 77d9eb43ccac8..1bc47f3a48854 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> @@ -234,7 +234,8 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
>
> /* never put a printk in __switch_to... printk() calls wake_up*() indirectly */
>
> - switch_fpu_prepare(prev_fpu, cpu);

Let's add a comment here like the rest of the function does it. Ditto for below.

> + if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
> + switch_fpu_prepare(prev_fpu, cpu);
>
> /*
> * Save away %gs. No need to save %fs, as it was saved on the

...

--
Regards/Gruss,
Boris.

Good mailing practices for 400: avoid top-posting and trim the reply.
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