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SubjectRe: Could you please help to have a look a bug trace in pmu arm-cci.c
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On 2019-01-30 6:21 pm, Will Deacon wrote:
> [+Suzuki and Robin]
>
> On Mon, Jan 28, 2019 at 07:19:20AM +0000, Li, Meng wrote:
>> When enable kernel configure CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP, there is below trace
>> during pmu arm cci driver probe phase.
>>
>> [ 1.983337] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/rtmutex.c:2004
>> [ 1.983340] in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 1, name: swapper/0
>> [ 1.983342] Preemption disabled at:
>> [ 1.983353] [<ffffff80089801f4>] cci_pmu_probe+0x1dc/0x488
>> [ 1.983360] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.18.20-rt8-yocto-preempt-rt #1
>> [ 1.983362] Hardware name: ZynqMP ZCU102 Rev1.0 (DT)
>> [ 1.983364] Call trace:
>> [ 1.983369] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x158
>> [ 1.983372] show_stack+0x24/0x30
>> [ 1.983378] dump_stack+0x80/0xa4
>> [ 1.983383] ___might_sleep+0x138/0x160
>> [ 1.983386] __might_sleep+0x58/0x90
>> [ 1.983391] __rt_mutex_lock_state+0x30/0xc0
>> [ 1.983395] _mutex_lock+0x24/0x30
>> [ 1.983400] perf_pmu_register+0x2c/0x388
>> [ 1.983404] cci_pmu_probe+0x2bc/0x488
>> [ 1.983409] platform_drv_probe+0x58/0xa8
>>
>> Because get_cpu() is invoked, preempt is disable, finally, trace occurs when
>> call might_sleep()
>
> Hmm, the {get,put}_cpu() usage here looks very broken to me. There's the
> fact that it might sleep, but also the assignment to g_cci_pmu is done after
> we've re-enabled preemption, so there's a race with CPU hotplug there too.

Hmm, looks like I failed to appreciate that particular race at the time
- indeed the global should probably be assigned immediately after
cci_pmu_init() has succeeded.

> I don't think we can simply register the hotplug notifier before registering
> the PMU, because we can't call into perf_pmu_migrate_context() until the PMU
> has been registered. Perhaps we need to use the _cpuslocked() versions of
> the hotplug notifier registration functions.
>
> I tried looking at some other drivers, but they all look broken to me, so
> there's a good chance I'm missing something. Anybody know how this is
> supposed to work?

As I understand the general pattern, we register the notifier last to
avoid taking a hotplug callback with a partly-initialised PMU state,
however since the CPU we've picked is part of that PMU state, we also
want to avoid getting migrated off that CPU before the notifier is in
place lest things get out of sync, hence disabling preemption. As far as
the correctness of implementing that logic, though, it was like that
when I got here so I've always just assumed it was fine :)

I guess the question is whether we actually need to pick our nominal CPU
before perf_pmu_register(), or if something like the below would suffice
- what do you reckon?

Robin.

----->8-----
diff --git a/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c b/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
index 1bfeb160c5b1..da9309ff80d7 100644
--- a/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
+++ b/drivers/perf/arm-cci.c
@@ -1692,19 +1692,18 @@ static int cci_pmu_probe(struct platform_device
*pdev)
raw_spin_lock_init(&cci_pmu->hw_events.pmu_lock);
mutex_init(&cci_pmu->reserve_mutex);
atomic_set(&cci_pmu->active_events, 0);
- cci_pmu->cpu = get_cpu();
+ cci_pmu->cpu = -1; /* Avoid races until hotplug notifier is alive */

ret = cci_pmu_init(cci_pmu, pdev);
- if (ret) {
- put_cpu();
+ if (ret)
return ret;
- }
+ g_cci_pmu = cci_pmu;

cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCI_ONLINE,
"perf/arm/cci:online", NULL,
cci_pmu_offline_cpu);
- put_cpu();
- g_cci_pmu = cci_pmu;
+ cci_pmu->cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
pr_info("ARM %s PMU driver probed", cci_pmu->model->name);
return 0;
}
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