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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 04/12] arm64: remove the ability to build a kernel without hardened branch predictors
On Fri, 25 Jan 2019 12:07:03 -0600
Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com> wrote:

> Buried behind EXPERT is the ability to build a kernel without
> hardened branch predictors, this needlessly clutters up the
> code as well as creates the opportunity for bugs. It also
> removes the kernel's ability to determine if the machine its
> running on is vulnerable.
>
> Since its also possible to disable it at boot time, lets remove
> the config option.

Same comment as before about removing the CONFIG_ options here.

> Signed-off-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
> Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>
> Cc: kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
> ---
> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 17 -----------------
> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 12 ------------
> arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h | 12 ------------
> arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 19 -------------------
> arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S | 2 --
> arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig | 3 ---
> arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S | 2 --
> 7 files changed, 67 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index 0baa632bf0a8..6b4c6d3fdf4d 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -1005,23 +1005,6 @@ config UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
>
> If unsure, say Y.
>
> -config HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
> - bool "Harden the branch predictor against aliasing attacks"
> if EXPERT
> - default y
> - help
> - Speculation attacks against some high-performance
> processors rely on
> - being able to manipulate the branch predictor for a victim
> context by
> - executing aliasing branches in the attacker context. Such
> attacks
> - can be partially mitigated against by clearing internal
> branch
> - predictor state and limiting the prediction logic in some
> situations. -
> - This config option will take CPU-specific actions to
> harden the
> - branch predictor against aliasing attacks and may rely on
> specific
> - instruction sequences or control bits being set by the
> system
> - firmware.
> -
> - If unsure, say Y.
> -
> config HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS
> bool "Harden EL2 vector mapping against system register
> leak" if EXPERT default y
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
> b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h index a5c152d79820..9dd680194db9
> 100644 --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
> @@ -444,7 +444,6 @@ static inline int kvm_read_guest_lock(struct kvm
> *kvm, return ret;
> }
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS
> /*
> * EL2 vectors can be mapped and rerouted in a number of ways,
> * depending on the kernel configuration and CPU present:

Directly after this comment there is a #include line, can you please
move this up to the beginning of this file, now that it is
unconditional?

> @@ -529,17 +528,6 @@ static inline int kvm_map_vectors(void)
>
> return 0;
> }
> -#else
> -static inline void *kvm_get_hyp_vector(void)
> -{
> - return kern_hyp_va(kvm_ksym_ref(__kvm_hyp_vector));
> -}
> -
> -static inline int kvm_map_vectors(void)
> -{
> - return 0;
> -}
> -#endif
>
> DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u64, arm64_ssbd_callback_required);
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
> b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h index 3e8063f4f9d3..20fdf71f96c3 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
> @@ -95,13 +95,9 @@ struct bp_hardening_data {
> bp_hardening_cb_t fn;
> };
>
> -#if (defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR) || \
> - defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS))
> extern char __bp_harden_hyp_vecs_start[], __bp_harden_hyp_vecs_end[];
> extern atomic_t arm64_el2_vector_last_slot;
> -#endif /* CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR ||
> CONFIG_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS */
> -#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
> DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct bp_hardening_data,
> bp_hardening_data);
> static inline struct bp_hardening_data
> *arm64_get_bp_hardening_data(void) @@ -120,14 +116,6 @@ static inline
> void arm64_apply_bp_hardening(void) if (d->fn)
> d->fn();
> }
> -#else
> -static inline struct bp_hardening_data
> *arm64_get_bp_hardening_data(void) -{
> - return NULL;
> -}
> -
> -static inline void arm64_apply_bp_hardening(void) { }
> -#endif /* CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR */
>
> extern void paging_init(void);
> extern void bootmem_init(void);
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c index 934d50788ca3..de09a3537cd4
> 100644 --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> @@ -109,13 +109,11 @@ cpu_enable_trap_ctr_access(const struct
> arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused)
> atomic_t arm64_el2_vector_last_slot = ATOMIC_INIT(-1);
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
> #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>

Same here, those should move up.

> DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct bp_hardening_data,
> bp_hardening_data);
> -#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS
> extern char __smccc_workaround_1_smc_start[];
> extern char __smccc_workaround_1_smc_end[];
>
> @@ -165,17 +163,6 @@ static void
> __install_bp_hardening_cb(bp_hardening_cb_t fn,
> __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.fn, fn); raw_spin_unlock(&bp_lock);
> }
> -#else
> -#define __smccc_workaround_1_smc_start NULL
> -#define __smccc_workaround_1_smc_end NULL
> -
> -static void __install_bp_hardening_cb(bp_hardening_cb_t fn,
> - const char *hyp_vecs_start,
> - const char *hyp_vecs_end)
> -{
> - __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.fn, fn);
> -}
> -#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS */
>
> static void install_bp_hardening_cb(const struct
> arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, bp_hardening_cb_t fn,
> @@ -279,7 +266,6 @@ enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1(const struct
> arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
> return;
> }
> -#endif /* CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR */
>
> DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u64, arm64_ssbd_callback_required);
>
> @@ -516,7 +502,6 @@ cpu_enable_cache_maint_trap(const struct
> arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused) .type =
> ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM, \
> CAP_MIDR_RANGE_LIST(midr_list)
> -#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
>
> /*
> * List of CPUs where we need to issue a psci call to
> @@ -535,8 +520,6 @@ static const struct midr_range
> arm64_bp_harden_smccc_cpus[] = { {},
> };
>
> -#endif
> -
> #ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS
>
> static const struct midr_range arm64_harden_el2_vectors[] = {
> @@ -710,13 +693,11 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities
> arm64_errata[] = { ERRATA_MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A73),
> },
> #endif
> -#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
> {
> .capability = ARM64_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR,
> .cpu_enable = enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1,
> ERRATA_MIDR_RANGE_LIST(arm64_bp_harden_smccc_cpus),
> },
> -#endif
> #ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS
> {
> .desc = "EL2 vector hardening",
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
> index bee54b7d17b9..3f0eaaf704c8 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
> @@ -842,11 +842,9 @@ el0_irq_naked:
> #endif
>
> ct_user_exit
> -#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
> tbz x22, #55, 1f
> bl do_el0_irq_bp_hardening
> 1:
> -#endif
> irq_handler
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig
> index a3f85624313e..402bcfb85f25 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig
> @@ -58,9 +58,6 @@ config KVM_ARM_PMU
> Adds support for a virtual Performance Monitoring Unit
> (PMU) in virtual machines.
>
> -config KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS
> - def_bool KVM && (HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR ||
> HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS) -

That sounds tempting, but breaks compilation when CONFIG_KVM is not
defined (in arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c). So either we keep
CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS or we replace the guards in the code with
CONFIG_KVM.

Cheers,
Andre.

> source "drivers/vhost/Kconfig"
>
> endif # VIRTUALIZATION
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
> b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S index 53c9344968d4..e02ddf40f113
> 100644 --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
> @@ -272,7 +272,6 @@ ENTRY(__kvm_hyp_vector)
> valid_vect el1_error // Error 32-bit
> EL1 ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_INDIRECT_VECTORS
> .macro hyp_ventry
> .align 7
> 1: .rept 27
> @@ -331,4 +330,3 @@ ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_1_smc_start)
> ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 2)]
> add sp, sp, #(8 * 4)
> ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_1_smc_end)
> -#endif

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