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Subject[PATCH V7 2/5] i2c: tegra: Add Bus Clear Master Support
Date
Bus clear feature of tegra i2c controller helps to recover from
bus hang when i2c master loses the bus arbitration due to the
slave device holding SDA LOW continuously for some unknown reasons.

Per I2C specification, the device that held the bus LOW should
release it within 9 clock pulses.

During bus clear operation, Tegra I2C controller sends 9 clock
pulses and terminates the transaction with STOP condition.
Upon successful bus clear operation, bus goes to idle state and
driver retries the transaction.

Signed-off-by: Sowjanya Komatineni <skomatineni@nvidia.com>
---
[V5/V6/V7]: Same as V4
[V4]: Added I2C Bus Clear support patch to this version of series.

drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 71 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
index 15806c984859..c4892a47a483 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
#define I2C_FIFO_STATUS_RX_SHIFT 0
#define I2C_INT_MASK 0x064
#define I2C_INT_STATUS 0x068
+#define I2C_INT_BUS_CLR_DONE BIT(11)
#define I2C_INT_PACKET_XFER_COMPLETE BIT(7)
#define I2C_INT_ALL_PACKETS_XFER_COMPLETE BIT(6)
#define I2C_INT_TX_FIFO_OVERFLOW BIT(5)
@@ -93,6 +94,15 @@
#define I2C_HEADER_MASTER_ADDR_SHIFT 12
#define I2C_HEADER_SLAVE_ADDR_SHIFT 1

+#define I2C_BUS_CLEAR_CNFG 0x084
+#define I2C_BC_SCLK_THRESHOLD 9
+#define I2C_BC_SCLK_THRESHOLD_SHIFT 16
+#define I2C_BC_STOP_COND BIT(2)
+#define I2C_BC_TERMINATE BIT(1)
+#define I2C_BC_ENABLE BIT(0)
+#define I2C_BUS_CLEAR_STATUS 0x088
+#define I2C_BC_STATUS BIT(0)
+
#define I2C_CONFIG_LOAD 0x08C
#define I2C_MSTR_CONFIG_LOAD BIT(0)
#define I2C_SLV_CONFIG_LOAD BIT(1)
@@ -152,6 +162,8 @@ enum msg_end_type {
* @has_mst_fifo: The I2C controller contains the new MST FIFO interface that
* provides additional features and allows for longer messages to
* be transferred in one go.
+ * @supports_bus_clear: Bus Clear support to recover from bus hang during
+ * SDA stuck low from device for some unknown reasons.
*/
struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature {
bool has_continue_xfer_support;
@@ -164,6 +176,7 @@ struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature {
bool has_multi_master_mode;
bool has_slcg_override_reg;
bool has_mst_fifo;
+ bool supports_bus_clear;
};

/**
@@ -636,6 +649,12 @@ static irqreturn_t tegra_i2c_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
i2c_dev->msg_err |= I2C_ERR_ARBITRATION_LOST;
goto err;
}
+ /*
+ * I2C transfer is terminated during the bus clear so skip
+ * processing the other interrupts.
+ */
+ if (i2c_dev->hw->supports_bus_clear && (status & I2C_INT_BUS_CLR_DONE))
+ goto err;

if (i2c_dev->msg_read && (status & I2C_INT_RX_FIFO_DATA_REQ)) {
if (i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining)
@@ -665,6 +684,8 @@ static irqreturn_t tegra_i2c_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
tegra_i2c_mask_irq(i2c_dev, I2C_INT_NO_ACK | I2C_INT_ARBITRATION_LOST |
I2C_INT_PACKET_XFER_COMPLETE | I2C_INT_TX_FIFO_DATA_REQ |
I2C_INT_RX_FIFO_DATA_REQ);
+ if (i2c_dev->hw->supports_bus_clear)
+ tegra_i2c_mask_irq(i2c_dev, I2C_INT_BUS_CLR_DONE);
i2c_writel(i2c_dev, status, I2C_INT_STATUS);
if (i2c_dev->is_dvc)
dvc_writel(i2c_dev, DVC_STATUS_I2C_DONE_INTR, DVC_STATUS);
@@ -675,6 +696,43 @@ static irqreturn_t tegra_i2c_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

+static int tegra_i2c_issue_bus_clear(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
+{
+ int err;
+ unsigned long time_left;
+ u32 reg;
+
+ if (i2c_dev->hw->supports_bus_clear) {
+ reinit_completion(&i2c_dev->msg_complete);
+ reg = (I2C_BC_SCLK_THRESHOLD << I2C_BC_SCLK_THRESHOLD_SHIFT) |
+ I2C_BC_STOP_COND | I2C_BC_TERMINATE;
+ i2c_writel(i2c_dev, reg, I2C_BUS_CLEAR_CNFG);
+ if (i2c_dev->hw->has_config_load_reg) {
+ err = tegra_i2c_wait_for_config_load(i2c_dev);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ }
+ reg |= I2C_BC_ENABLE;
+ i2c_writel(i2c_dev, reg, I2C_BUS_CLEAR_CNFG);
+ tegra_i2c_unmask_irq(i2c_dev, I2C_INT_BUS_CLR_DONE);
+
+ time_left = wait_for_completion_timeout(&i2c_dev->msg_complete,
+ TEGRA_I2C_TIMEOUT);
+ if (time_left == 0) {
+ dev_err(i2c_dev->dev, "timed out for bus clear\n");
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ reg = i2c_readl(i2c_dev, I2C_BUS_CLEAR_STATUS);
+ if (!(reg & I2C_BC_STATUS)) {
+ dev_err(i2c_dev->dev,
+ "Un-recovered arbitration lost\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return -EAGAIN;
+}
+
static int tegra_i2c_xfer_msg(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev,
struct i2c_msg *msg, enum msg_end_type end_state)
{
@@ -756,6 +814,12 @@ static int tegra_i2c_xfer_msg(struct tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev,
return 0;

tegra_i2c_init(i2c_dev);
+ /* start recovery upon arbitration loss in single master mode */
+ if (i2c_dev->msg_err == I2C_ERR_ARBITRATION_LOST) {
+ if (!i2c_dev->is_multimaster_mode)
+ return tegra_i2c_issue_bus_clear(i2c_dev);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
if (i2c_dev->msg_err == I2C_ERR_NO_ACK) {
if (msg->flags & I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK)
return 0;
@@ -845,6 +909,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra20_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .supports_bus_clear = false,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra30_i2c_hw = {
@@ -858,6 +923,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra30_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .supports_bus_clear = false,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra114_i2c_hw = {
@@ -871,6 +937,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra114_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = false,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .supports_bus_clear = true,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra124_i2c_hw = {
@@ -884,6 +951,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra124_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = false,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .supports_bus_clear = true,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra210_i2c_hw = {
@@ -897,6 +965,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra210_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = true,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = false,
+ .supports_bus_clear = true,
};

static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra194_i2c_hw = {
@@ -910,6 +979,7 @@ static const struct tegra_i2c_hw_feature tegra194_i2c_hw = {
.has_multi_master_mode = true,
.has_slcg_override_reg = true,
.has_mst_fifo = true,
+ .supports_bus_clear = true,
};

/* Match table for of_platform binding */
@@ -962,6 +1032,7 @@ static int tegra_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
i2c_dev->div_clk = div_clk;
i2c_dev->adapter.algo = &tegra_i2c_algo;
i2c_dev->adapter.quirks = &tegra_i2c_quirks;
+ i2c_dev->adapter.retries = 1;
i2c_dev->irq = irq;
i2c_dev->cont_id = pdev->id;
i2c_dev->dev = &pdev->dev;
--
2.7.4
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