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SubjectRe: [PATCH] tty: Fix WARNING in tty_set_termios
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On 1/30/19 3:32 AM, Johan Hovold wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 28, 2019 at 02:29:22PM -0700, shuah wrote:
>> On 1/25/19 9:14 PM, Al Viro wrote:
>>> On Fri, Jan 25, 2019 at 04:29:05PM -0700, Shuah Khan wrote:
>>>> tty_set_termios() has the following WARMN_ON which can be triggered with a
>>>> syscall to invoke TIOCGETD __NR_ioctl.
>
> You meant TIOCSETD here, and in fact its the call which sets the uart
> protocol that triggers the warning.

Right. It is a TIOCSETD.

>
>>>> WARN_ON(tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
>>>> tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER);
>>>> Reference: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=2410d22f1d8e5984217329dd0884b01d99e3e48d
>>>>
>>>> A simple change would have been to print error message instead of WARN_ON.
>>>> However, the callers assume that tty_set_termios() always returns 0 and
>>>> don't check return value. The complete solution is fixing all the callers
>>>> to check error and bail out to fix the WARN_ON.
>>>>
>>>> This fix changes tty_set_termios() to return error and all the callers
>>>> to check error and bail out. The reproducer is used to reproduce the
>>>> problem and verify the fix.
>>>
>>>> --- a/drivers/bluetooth/hci_ldisc.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/bluetooth/hci_ldisc.c
>>>> @@ -321,6 +321,8 @@ void hci_uart_set_flow_control(struct hci_uart *hu, bool enable)
>>>> status = tty_set_termios(tty, &ktermios);
>>>> BT_DBG("Disabling hardware flow control: %s",
>>>> status ? "failed" : "success");
>>>> + if (status)
>>>> + return;
>>>
>>> Can that ldisc end up set on pty master? And does it make any sense there?
>>
>> The initial objective of the patch is to prevent the WARN_ON by making
>> the change to return error instead of WARN_ON. However, without changes
>> to places that don't check the return and keep making progress, there
>> will be secondary problems.
>>
>> Without this change to return here, instead of WARN_ON, it will fail
>> with the following NULL pointer dereference at the next thing
>> hci_uart_set_flow_control() attempts.
>>
>> status = tty->driver->ops->tiocmget(tty);
>>
>> kernel: [10140.649783] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer
>
> That's a separate issue, which is being fixed:
>
> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190130095938.GP3691@localhost
>

Ah good to know.

>>> IOW, I don't believe that this patch makes any sense. If anything,
>>> we need to prevent unconditional tty_set_termios() on the path
>>> that *does* lead to calling it for pty.
>>
>> I don't think preventing unconditional tty_set_termios() is enough to
>> prevent secondary problems such as the one above.
>>
>> For example, the following call chain leads to the WARN_ON that was
>> reported. Even if void hci_uart_set_baudrate() prevents the very first
>> tty_set_termios() call, its caller hci_uart_setup() continues with
>> more tty setup. It goes ahead to call driver setup callback. The
>> driver callback goes on to do more setup calling tty_set_termios().
>>
>> WARN_ON call path:
>> hci_uart_set_baudrate+0x1cc/0x250 drivers/bluetooth/hci_ldisc.c:378
>> hci_uart_setup+0xa2/0x490 drivers/bluetooth/hci_ldisc.c:401
>> hci_dev_do_open+0x6b1/0x1920 net/bluetooth/hci_core.c:1423
>>
>> Once this WARN_ON is changed to return error, the following
>> happens, when hci_uart_setup() does driver setup callback.
>>
>> kernel: [10140.649836] mrvl_setup+0x17/0x80 [hci_uart]
>> kernel: [10140.649840] hci_uart_setup+0x56/0x160 [hci_uart]
>> kernel: [10140.649850] hci_dev_do_open+0xe6/0x630 [bluetooth]
>> kernel: [10140.649860] hci_power_on+0x52/0x220 [bluetooth]
>>
>> I think continuing to catch the invalid condition in tty_set_termios()
>> and preventing progress by checking return value is a straight forward
>> change to avoid secondary problems, and it might be difficult to catch
>> all the cases where it could fail.
>
> I agree with Al that this change doesn't make much sense. The WARN_ON
> is there to catch any bugs leading to the termios being changed for a
> master side pty. Those should bugs should be fixed, and not worked
> around in order to silence a WARN_ON.
>
> The problem started with 7721383f4199 ("Bluetooth: hci_uart: Support
> operational speed during setup") which introduced a new way for how
> tty_set_termios() could end up being called for a master pty.
>

Ah. Thanks for the context.

> As Al hinted at, setting these ldiscs for a master pty really makes no
> sense and perhaps that is what we should prevent unless simply making
> sure they do not call tty_set_termios() is sufficient for the time
> being.
>

I will take a look to see if not calling tty_set_termios() is enough.

> Finally, note that serdev never operates on a pty, and that this is only
> an issue for (the three) line disciplines.
>

Thanks for the detailed message explaining the evolution. Now it makes
sense.

-- Shuah

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