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Subject[PATCH v2 1/7] binder: create userspace-to-binder-buffer copy function
Date
The binder driver uses a vm_area to map the per-process
binder buffer space. For 32-bit android devices, this is
now taking too much vmalloc space. This patch removes
the use of vm_area when copying the transaction data
from the sender to the buffer space. Instead of using
copy_from_user() for multi-page copies, it now uses
binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer() which uses kmap()
and kunmap() to map each page, and uses copy_from_user()
for copying to that page.

Signed-off-by: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
---
v2: remove casts as suggested by Dan Carpenter

drivers/android/binder.c | 29 +++++++--
drivers/android/binder_alloc.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/android/binder_alloc.h | 8 +++
3 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/android/binder.c b/drivers/android/binder.c
index 5f6ef5e63b91..ab0b3eec363b 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder.c
+++ b/drivers/android/binder.c
@@ -3078,8 +3078,12 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
ALIGN(tr->data_size, sizeof(void *)));
offp = off_start;

- if (copy_from_user(t->buffer->data, (const void __user *)(uintptr_t)
- tr->data.ptr.buffer, tr->data_size)) {
+ if (binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer(
+ &target_proc->alloc,
+ t->buffer, 0,
+ (const void __user *)
+ (uintptr_t)tr->data.ptr.buffer,
+ tr->data_size)) {
binder_user_error("%d:%d got transaction with invalid data ptr\n",
proc->pid, thread->pid);
return_error = BR_FAILED_REPLY;
@@ -3087,8 +3091,13 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
return_error_line = __LINE__;
goto err_copy_data_failed;
}
- if (copy_from_user(offp, (const void __user *)(uintptr_t)
- tr->data.ptr.offsets, tr->offsets_size)) {
+ if (binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer(
+ &target_proc->alloc,
+ t->buffer,
+ ALIGN(tr->data_size, sizeof(void *)),
+ (const void __user *)
+ (uintptr_t)tr->data.ptr.offsets,
+ tr->offsets_size)) {
binder_user_error("%d:%d got transaction with invalid offsets ptr\n",
proc->pid, thread->pid);
return_error = BR_FAILED_REPLY;
@@ -3217,6 +3226,8 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
struct binder_buffer_object *bp =
to_binder_buffer_object(hdr);
size_t buf_left = sg_buf_end - sg_bufp;
+ binder_size_t sg_buf_offset = (uintptr_t)sg_bufp -
+ (uintptr_t)t->buffer->data;

if (bp->length > buf_left) {
binder_user_error("%d:%d got transaction with too large buffer\n",
@@ -3226,9 +3237,13 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
return_error_line = __LINE__;
goto err_bad_offset;
}
- if (copy_from_user(sg_bufp,
- (const void __user *)(uintptr_t)
- bp->buffer, bp->length)) {
+ if (binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer(
+ &target_proc->alloc,
+ t->buffer,
+ sg_buf_offset,
+ (const void __user *)
+ (uintptr_t)bp->buffer,
+ bp->length)) {
binder_user_error("%d:%d got transaction with invalid offsets ptr\n",
proc->pid, thread->pid);
return_error_param = -EFAULT;
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.c b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.c
index 022cd80e80cc..94c0d85c4e75 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.c
+++ b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.c
@@ -29,6 +29,8 @@
#include <linux/list_lru.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include "binder_alloc.h"
#include "binder_trace.h"

@@ -1053,3 +1055,114 @@ int binder_alloc_shrinker_init(void)
}
return ret;
}
+
+/**
+ * check_buffer() - verify that buffer/offset is safe to access
+ * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
+ * @buffer: binder buffer to be accessed
+ * @offset: offset into @buffer data
+ * @bytes: bytes to access from offset
+ *
+ * Check that the @offset/@bytes are within the size of the given
+ * @buffer and that the buffer is currently active and not freeable.
+ * Offsets must also be multiples of sizeof(u32). The kernel is
+ * allowed to touch the buffer in two cases:
+ *
+ * 1) when the buffer is being created:
+ * (buffer->free == 0 && buffer->allow_user_free == 0)
+ * 2) when the buffer is being torn down:
+ * (buffer->free == 0 && buffer->transaction == NULL).
+ *
+ * Return: true if the buffer is safe to access
+ */
+static inline bool check_buffer(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffer,
+ binder_size_t offset, size_t bytes)
+{
+ size_t buffer_size = binder_alloc_buffer_size(alloc, buffer);
+
+ return buffer_size >= bytes &&
+ offset <= buffer_size - bytes &&
+ IS_ALIGNED(offset, sizeof(u32)) &&
+ !buffer->free &&
+ (!buffer->allow_user_free || !buffer->transaction);
+}
+
+/**
+ * binder_alloc_get_page() - get kernel pointer for given buffer offset
+ * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
+ * @buffer: binder buffer to be accessed
+ * @buffer_offset: offset into @buffer data
+ * @pgoffp: address to copy final page offset to
+ *
+ * Lookup the struct page corresponding to the address
+ * at @buffer_offset into @buffer->data. If @pgoffp is not
+ * NULL, the byte-offset into the page is written there.
+ *
+ * The caller is responsible to ensure that the offset points
+ * to a valid address within the @buffer and that @buffer is
+ * not freeable by the user. Since it can't be freed, we are
+ * guaranteed that the corresponding elements of @alloc->pages[]
+ * cannot change.
+ *
+ * Return: struct page
+ */
+static struct page *binder_alloc_get_page(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffer,
+ binder_size_t buffer_offset,
+ pgoff_t *pgoffp)
+{
+ binder_size_t buffer_space_offset = buffer_offset +
+ (buffer->data - alloc->buffer);
+ pgoff_t pgoff = buffer_space_offset & ~PAGE_MASK;
+ size_t index = buffer_space_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ struct binder_lru_page *lru_page;
+
+ lru_page = &alloc->pages[index];
+ *pgoffp = pgoff;
+ return lru_page->page_ptr;
+}
+
+/**
+ * binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer() - copy src user to tgt user
+ * @alloc: binder_alloc for this proc
+ * @buffer: binder buffer to be accessed
+ * @buffer_offset: offset into @buffer data
+ * @from: userspace pointer to source buffer
+ * @bytes: bytes to copy
+ *
+ * Copy bytes from source userspace to target buffer.
+ *
+ * Return: bytes remaining to be copied
+ */
+unsigned long
+binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffer,
+ binder_size_t buffer_offset,
+ const void __user *from,
+ size_t bytes)
+{
+ if (!check_buffer(alloc, buffer, buffer_offset, bytes))
+ return bytes;
+
+ while (bytes) {
+ unsigned long size;
+ unsigned long ret;
+ struct page *page;
+ pgoff_t pgoff;
+ void *kptr;
+
+ page = binder_alloc_get_page(alloc, buffer,
+ buffer_offset, &pgoff);
+ size = min_t(size_t, bytes, PAGE_SIZE - pgoff);
+ kptr = kmap(page) + pgoff;
+ ret = copy_from_user(kptr, from, size);
+ kunmap(page);
+ if (ret)
+ return bytes - size + ret;
+ bytes -= size;
+ from += size;
+ buffer_offset += size;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
index c0aadbbf7f19..995155f31dbd 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
+++ b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/list_lru.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/android/binder.h>

extern struct list_lru binder_alloc_lru;
struct binder_transaction;
@@ -183,5 +184,12 @@ binder_alloc_get_user_buffer_offset(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
return alloc->user_buffer_offset;
}

+unsigned long
+binder_alloc_copy_user_to_buffer(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffer,
+ binder_size_t buffer_offset,
+ const void __user *from,
+ size_t bytes);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_BINDER_ALLOC_H */

--
2.20.1.495.gaa96b0ce6b-goog
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