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SubjectRE: [RFC PATCH 1/1] PM / Domains: Add multi PM domains support for attach_dev
Date
> From: Ulf Hansson [mailto:ulf.hansson@linaro.org]
> Sent: Friday, January 4, 2019 5:11 AM
> On Wed, 2 Jan 2019 at 17:29, Aisheng Dong <aisheng.dong@nxp.com> wrote:
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Ulf Hansson [mailto:ulf.hansson@linaro.org]
> > > Sent: Wednesday, January 2, 2019 6:49 PM
> > >
> > > On Sat, 29 Dec 2018 at 07:43, Aisheng Dong <aisheng.dong@nxp.com>
> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > From: Ulf Hansson [mailto:ulf.hansson@linaro.org]
> > > > > Sent: Friday, December 28, 2018 11:37 PM
> > > > >
> > > > > On Thu, 27 Dec 2018 at 18:14, Aisheng Dong
> > > > > <aisheng.dong@nxp.com>
> > > > > wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Currently attach_dev() in power domain infrastructure still
> > > > > > does not support multi domains case as the struct device *dev
> > > > > > passed down from
> > > > > > genpd_dev_pm_attach_by_id() is a virtual PD device, it does
> > > > > > not help for parsing the real device information from device tree, e.g.
> > > > > > Device/Power IDs, Clocks and it's unware of which real power
> > > > > > domain the device should attach.
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks for working on this!
> > > > >
> > > > > I would appreciate if the changelog could clarify the problem a bit.
> > > > > Perhaps something along the lines of the below.
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > Sounds good to me.
> > > > I will add them in commit message.
> > > > Thanks for the suggestion.
> > > >
> > > > > "A genpd provider's ->attach_dev() callback may be invoked with
> > > > > a so called virtual device, which is created by genpd, at the
> > > > > point when a device is being attached to one of its
> > > > > corresponding multiple PM
> > > domains.
> > > > >
> > > > > In these cases, the genpd provider fails to look up any
> > > > > resource, by a
> > > > > clk_get() for example, for the virtual device in question. This
> > > > > is because, the virtual device that was created by genpd, does
> > > > > not have the virt_dev->of_node assigned."
> > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Extend the framework a bit to store the multi PM domains
> > > > > > information in per-device struct generic_pm_domain_data, then
> > > > > > power domain driver could retrieve it for necessary operations
> > > > > > during
> > > attach_dev().
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Two new APIs genpd_is_mpd_device() and dev_gpd_mpd_data() are
> > > > > > also introduced to ease the driver operation.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
> > > > > > Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@kernel.org>
> > > > > > Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> > > > > > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Dong Aisheng <aisheng.dong@nxp.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > > This patch is a follow-up work of the earlier discussion with
> > > > > > Ulf Hansson about the multi PM domains support for the
> > > > > > attach_dev() function
> > > > > [1].
> > > > > > After a bit more thinking, this is a less intrusive
> > > > > > implementation with the mininum impact on the exist function
> > > > > > definitions and calling
> > > > > follows.
> > > > > > One known little drawback is that we have to use the device
> > > > > > driver private data (device.drvdata) to pass down the multi
> > > > > > domains information in a earlier time. However, as multi PD
> > > > > > devices are created by domain framework, this seems to be safe
> > > > > > to use it in domain core code as device driver is not likely going to use
> it.
> > > > > > Anyway, if any better ideas, please let me know.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > With the two new APIs, the using can be simply as:
> > > > > > static int xxx_attach_dev(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
> > > > > > struct device *dev) {
> > > > > > ...
> > > > > > if (genpd_is_mpd_device(dev)) {
> > > > > > mpd_data = dev_gpd_mpd_data(dev);
> > > > > > np = mpd_data->parent->of_node;
> > > > > > idx = mpd_data->index;
> > > > > > //dts parsing
> > > > > > ...
> > > > > > }
> > > > > > ...
> > > > >
> > > > > I think we can make this a lot less complicated. Just assign
> > > > > virt_dev->of_node = of_node_get(dev->of_node), somewhere in
> > > > > genpd_dev_pm_attach_by_id() and before calling
> > > __genpd_dev_pm_attach().
> > > > >
> > > > > Doing that, would mean the genpd provider's ->attach_dev()
> > > > > callback, don't have to distinguish between virtual and non-virtual
> devices.
> > > > > Instead they should be able to look up resources in the same way
> > > > > as they did before.
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > Yes, that seems like a smart way.
> > > > But there's still a remain problem that how about the domain index
> > > > information needed for attach_dev()?
> > > >
> > >
> > > What do you mean by domain index?
> > >
> >
> > As we're using multi power domains in Devicetree, attach_dev() needs
> > to know which power domain the device is going to attach.
> > e.g.
> > sdhc1: mmc@5b010000 {
> > compatible = "fsl,imx8qxp-usdhc", "fsl,imx7d-usdhc";
> > power-domains = <&pd IMX_SC_R_SDHC_0>, <&pd
> IMX_SC_R_SDHC_1>; // for test only
> > ...
> > };
> > Then attach_dev() can parse the correct "resource id" (e.g.
> > IMX_SC_R_SDHC_1) from device tree And store it in per-device struct
> generic_pm_domain_data for later start()/stop() using.
>
> I see, thanks for clarifying.
>
> Seem like, we have two options to make this work.
>
> 1. Let genpd pre-store the index in a the per device generic_pm_domain_data
> while doing the attach and before calling the
> ->attach_dev() callback. This would make sense, if we consider this to
> be a common thing.
>
> 2. Provide the index as an additional new in-parameter to the
> ->attach_dev() callback. This requires a tree wide change as it means
> we need to update existing code using the ->attach_dev() callback.
>
> I would probably try 1) first to see how the code would look like and then fall
> back to 2). What do you think?
>

Yes, I agree with you.
This patch is exactly doing 1.

For your former suggestion:
" Just assign virt_dev->of_node = of_node_get(dev->of_node), somewhere in
genpd_dev_pm_attach_by_id() and before calling __genpd_dev_pm_attach().
Doing that, would mean the genpd provider's ->attach_dev() callback,
don't have to distinguish between virtual and non-virtual devices"

As this can only solve passing the real device node issue and we still need
pre-store the index in a the per device generic_pm_domain_data and then
distinguish if it's multi power domain virtual devices in attach_dev(), so
I'm not sure if it's still quite necessary to do that way by assigning
"virt_dev->of_node = of_node_get(dev->of_node) before attach".
Probably after fully switch to option 2, then we can do it to fully drop the using
of per device generic_pm_domain_data to make it transparent to attach_dev()
users.

So now the options may be:
1. Pre-store both device node and domain index in generic_pm_domain_data before
Calling attach_dev(). This is exactly this patch does.
2. Pre-store only domain index in generic_pm_domain_data. For device node, assigning
"virt_dev->of_node = of_node_get(dev->of_node) before attach.
3. Change attach_dev() to passing domain index and assigning
"virt_dev->of_node = of_node_get(dev->of_node) before attach.

Can you please tell what's your prefer?

If you're okay with 1, can you please review if this patch is ok to you?

Or we directly change to 3 which is fully transparent to users
(users don't need to distinguish whether it's multi pd devices).
e.g.
saving genpd_is_mpd_device() and dev_gpd_mpd_data() in this patch.

Regards
Dong Aisheng

> >
> > > The ->attach_dev() is given both the device and the genpd in
> > > question as in-parameters. Could you store the domain index as part of
> your genpd struct?
> > > No?
> > >
> >
> > AFAICT no.
> > With the only device and the genpd as in-parameters, the
> > ->attach_dev() don't know which power domain to to parse from device tree.
> > Thus no way to store it in genpd struct.
>
> As stated, you are right!
>
> >
> > > If you are talking about using the "power-domains" specifier from
> > > the DT node of the device, that should then work, similar to as been
> > > done
> > > in:
> > >
> > > drivers/soc/ti/ti_sci_pm_domains.c
> > > ti_sci_pd_attach_dev()
> > >
> >
> > TI actually does not use multi PM domains. So they can always parse
> > the first power domains to get the correct "resource id" / power id..
> >
> > wdt: wdt@02250000 {
> > compatible = "ti,keystone-wdt", "ti,davinci-wdt";
> > power-domains = <&k2g_pds 0x22>; };
> >
> > static int ti_sci_pd_attach_dev(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
> > struct device *dev) {
> > ...
> > // the index is always 0
> > ret = of_parse_phandle_with_args(np, "power-domains",
> > "#power-domain-cells", 0,
> &pd_args);
> > idx = pd_args.args[0];
> > ...
> > }
> >
> > > You may also provide your own xlate callback for your genpd
> > > provider, like what is done in drivers/soc/tegra/powergate-bpmp. - if that
> helps!?
> > >
> >
> > I'm afraid no.
> > Per our earlier discussion, we're going to use a single global power
> > domain (Tegra is not) and implement the ->attach|detach_dev() callback
> > for the genpd and use the regular of_genpd_add_provider_simple().
> >
> > From within the ->attach_dev(), we could get the OF node for the
> > device that is being attached and then parse the power-domain cell
> containing the "resource id"
> > and store that in the per device struct generic_pm_domain_data (we
> > have void pointer there for storing these kind of things).
> >
> > Additionally, we need implement the ->stop() and ->start() callbacks
> > of genpd, which is where we "power on/off" devices, rather than using
> > the
> > ->power_on|off() callbacks.
> >
> > Now the problem is current attach_dev() has no idea to parse the
> > correct power domain containing the "resource id".
> > That's why I stored it in per-device struct generic_pm_domain_data
> > before calling
> > attach_dev() in this patch implementation.
> >
> > Any ideas?
>
> Again, thanks for clarifying!
>
> See my ideas above.
>
> Kind regards
> Uffe
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