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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] leds: lp5024: Add the LP5024/18 RGB LED driver
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Hi Jacek,

Comments below.

On 04/01/2019 0.05, Jacek Anaszewski wrote:
> Hi Vesa,
>
> Thank you for sharing your ideas.
>
> Please find my comment below.
>
> On 1/1/19 2:45 PM, Vesa Jääskeläinen wrote:
>> Hi All,
>>
>> On 20/12/2018 14.40, Vesa Jääskeläinen wrote:
>>> Idea was to define preset colors in device tree as an example when
>>> you are dealing with multi-color LEDs without PWM. In that case you
>>> only have GPIOs to control and then have a problem what does those
>>> GPIO's mean.
>>>
>>> With preset definitions one can use color names to act as a shortcut
>>> to configure GPIO's to proper state for that particular color.
>>>
>>> For more flexible setups where you have PWM or such control you have
>>> larger space of available colors. In this case you need to somehow
>>> define also meaning of those controls.
>>>
>>> Also we may not have LED with only red, green and blue elements.
>>> There might in example be amber, ultraviolet, white elements.
>>>
>>> This is where device tree is concerned. It helps us craft the logical
>>> definition for LED so that we can control it from user space in
>>> common way.
>>>
>>> Now the next problem then is how does user space work then.
>>>
>>> For multi-color LEDs it it important to change the color atomically
>>> so that no wrong colors are being shown as user space got interrupted
>>> when controlling it.
>>>
>>> Also we have brightness setting that would be useful for PWM
>>> controlled LEDs.
>>>
>>> Setting color is easy when you use preset names then you only need to
>>> deal with brightness value (eg. RGB -> HSV * brightness -> RGB). Of
>>> course here additional problem is other color elements are they then
>>> scaled according to brightness value?.
>>>
>>> Setting color as "raw" values is then next problem. In order to do it
>>> atomically it needs to be one atomic activation and could be eg. one
>>> write to "color" sysfs entry with combination of all color elements
>>> and perhaps additionally also brightness value. Next question is then
>>> what is the format for such entry then? What are the value ranges? In
>>> here we can utilize device tree definition to help define what kind
>>> of LED we do have and what kind of capabilities it does have.
>>>
>>> Additional problem risen also in discussion was non-linearity of some
>>> control mechanisms vs. perceived color. So there might be a need for
>>> curve mapping similarly what is with backlight control and that would
>>> be defined either in device tree and possibly in user space if there
>>> is a need for that. I suppose golden curve definition in device tree
>>> should be good enough.
>>>
>>> Then there was additional discussion about possible animation support
>>> but I would leave that for future design as that would then be
>>> utilizing the same framework.
>>>
>>> I suppose color space handling and that kind of stuff should be in
>>> some led core functionality and then raw control should be part of
>>> physical led driver.
>>>
>>> I was planning to play with it during holiday season but lets see how
>>> it goes. Feel free to also experiment with the idea.
>>
>> I was playing with this and got some results with PWM LED driver. I
>> would like to get feedback now even thou it is not yet ready for patch
>> sending.
>>
>> They still need more work but the idea can be seen here:
>> https://github.com/vesajaaskelainen/linux/tree/wip-multi-color-led
>>
>> This branch is now based on Linux kernel 4.20 release.
>>
>> Consider that branch as volatile as I will forcibly update it when
>> there are updates.
>>
>>  From there specifically in commits (while they last):
>>
>> drivers: leds: Add core support for multi color element LEDs
>> https://github.com/vesajaaskelainen/linux/commit/55d553906d0a158591435bb6323a318462079d59
>>
>>
>> WIP: drivers: leds: leds-pwm: Add multi color element LED support.
>> https://github.com/vesajaaskelainen/linux/commit/efccef08cbf3b2e1e49b95b69ff81cd380519fe3
>>
>>
>> What is there now:
>>
>> - led-core supports color elements
>> - led-class supports users space configuration
>> - both led-core and led-class are driver agnostic so they should be
>> treated as generic code.
>> - leds-pwm: my testing code with PWM led.
>> - no HSV support for brightness as there could be multiple color
>> elements out from traditional red-green-blue space or odd combinations
>> of colors and they are a bit hard to map to HSV formula (and it needs
>> fixed point math).
>> - no color presets that could be optionally be selected
>> - when I configure led trigger to heartbeat it actually blinks with
>> color specified -- thou trigger gets zeroed out with one sets new
>> color or brightness as that was previous functionality with brightness.
>> - some documentation added
>> - code should pass checkpatch
>>
>> What I was planning to do next:
>>
>> - cleanup PWM LED driver so that it works with and without
>> LED_MULTI_COLOR_LED being defined.
>> - improve documentation
>> - try out how my other device behaves which have dual color element
>> LED controlled with GPIO's and see how it would integrate to gpio-led
>> driver.
>>
>> I would like to get feedback on:
>> - Device tree idea
>> - Internal logic
>> - Should the trigger be really reseted when one changes value of
>> brightness? I would think it should function like setting brightness
>> entry from sysfs would set current brightness for trigger when it is
>> lit. Setting color should change color and brightness and it should be
>> active from there one until trigger is disabled from trigger sysfs node.
>>
>> My testing device has RGB LED with all color elements controlled with
>> individual PWM channels from TI's AM335x's integrated PWM controller.
>>
>> In device tree I have following:
>>
>>      multi-color-leds {
>>          compatible = "pwm-leds";
>>
>>          status-led {
>>              label = "status";
>>
>>              element-red {
>>                  pwms = <&ehrpwm0 0 100000 0>;
>>              };
>>              element-green {
>>                  pwms = <&ehrpwm1 0 100000 0>;
>>              };
>>              element-blue {
>>                  pwms = <&ehrpwm1 1 100000 0>;
>>              };
>>          };
>>      };
>>
>> For my second test device I was planning to replace "pwms" with
>> "gpios" or such entries.
>>
>> In user space one can use it like:
>>
>> # --- start of snippet ---
>>
>> hostname ~ # cd /sys/class/leds/
>> hostname leds # ls
>> status
>> hostname leds # cd status
>> hostname status # ls
>> brightness      color           device          max_brightness
>> max_color       power           subsystem       trigger         uevent
>> hostname status # cat color
>> brightness=0 red=0 green=0 blue=0
>
> This breaks one-value-per-file sysfs rule.

I believe you are referring to this text in:
https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs.txt

"Attributes should be ASCII text files, preferably with only one value
per file. It is noted that it may not be efficient to contain only one
value per file, so it is socially acceptable to express an array of
values of the same type."

I suppose if one would just make it an array of values (separated by
space) and then one file with string array of color element names and on
file with maximum value array it could be within those words.

The it would be something like:

$ echo "23 54 32" > color

$ cat max_color
255 255 255

$ cat color_names
red green blue

In addition to this -- one could also export individual color element files.

> Regarding led_scale_color_elements() - I checked it in GIMP and
> the results are not satisfactory when increasing brightness.
> Even if we managed to fix it, the result would not be guaranteed
> to be the same across all devices.

No and they will never be the same. I was told by our hardware expert
that it is rather impossible to get linearly behaving LED control
without special curve fitting trimmed for particular hardware and LED
component in use. And if you go and change LED component/vendor it would
need to be "calibrated" again if such accuracy would be required. Also
LEDs age and that has also effect on this.
> This is still the same problem.
>
> I have another proposal, being a mix of what has been discussed so far:
>
>    RGB LED class will expose following files:
>    a) available by default:
>      - red, green, blue
>        Writing any of these file will result in writing corresponding
>        device register.

Problem with this is that we are basically back at square one and one
cannot do "atomic" color change with this.

In order to set or activate new values one would need "load values" file
or such that when writing to it would activate new values. However it
becomes quite clumsy interface at that point as you need to handle
multiple writes to multiple files and makes those operations rather slow.

Then we have color presets left that could kinda solve the issue on
setting the color to fixed values atomically.

Of course one direction is what happened with gpio driver was own device
node with ioctl's allowing more faster and more fancier control.

>      - color_space: it would accept color space, e,g. "hsv", that would
>                     have to be supported by LED RGB core; setting color
>                     space would create relevant files, e.g. for hsv
>                     hue. saturation, brightness, and remove default ones
>                     other "color spaces" could be defined in DT as
>                     proposed by Vesa; reading this file would print
>                     available color spaces
>
>    b) available conditionally:
>      - brightness
>       It will be exposed by devices that have hardware support for
>       changing color brightness, like lp5024, or it will be made
>       available after setting relevant color space, like "hsv", or
>       other color presets defined in DT
>
> I think it will be flexible enough to meet everyone's needs.
>
> Current triggers would work only when brightness file is available.

Or we could transition it in that case to simulated "on/off" type of
thing. As that is what triggers more or less use.

When "on" LED would have its configured color and when "off" LED would
be turned off (eg. values of zero).

> This is ad hoc design so it can have some logical flaws.
>
> Best regards,
> Jacek Anaszewski

Thanks,
Vesa Jääskeläinen

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